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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Mueller KL, Naganathan S, Griffey RT
Counseling on Access to Lethal Means-Emergency Department (CALM-ED): a quality improvement program for firearm injury prevention.
The authors evaluated the feasibility of the Counseling on Access to Lethal Means intervention in the Emergency Department (CALM-ED) by non-physician personnel. Their quality improvement study was conducted in an urban, academic ED with over 90,000 annual patient visits, and considered adult patients who were discharged after presenting to the ED with a suicidal crisis. They found that an ED-based CALM quality-improvement intervention was feasible for implementation by non-physician personnel and was well received by patients and families. They concluded that the intervention has the potential to help saves lives at times of suicide crisis.
Citation: Mueller KL, Naganathan S, Griffey RT . Counseling on Access to Lethal Means-Emergency Department (CALM-ED): a quality improvement program for firearm injury prevention. West J Emerg Med 2020 Aug 20;21(5):1123-30. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2020.5.46952.
Keywords: Emergency Department, Injuries and Wounds, Prevention, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Domestic Violence, Behavioral Health
Henry MK, Feudtner C, Fortin K
Occult head injuries in infants evaluated for physical abuse.
Abusive head injuries in infants may be occult but clinically or forensically important. Data conflict regarding yield of neuroimaging in detecting occult head injuries in infants evaluated for physical abuse, with prior studies identifying yields of 4.3-37.3 %. The objectives of this study were (1) To quantify yield of computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging in identification of occult head injuries in infants with concerns for physical abuse and (2) To evaluate risk factors for occult head injuries.
Citation: Henry MK, Feudtner C, Fortin K . Occult head injuries in infants evaluated for physical abuse. Child Abuse Negl 2020 May;103:104431. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104431..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Brain Injury, Domestic Violence, Imaging, Diagnostic Safety and Quality, Injuries and Wounds