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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Gutman CK, Lion KC, Fisher CL
Breaking through barriers: the need for effective research to promote language-concordant communication as a facilitator of equitable emergency care.
The authors discuss the issue of individuals with limited English proficiency (LEP) and the high risk for adverse outcomes in the US health care system, especially in the emergency department. They point out that, although professional language interpretation improves the quality of care for these patients, it remains underused. They find few examples in the literature of rigorous interventions to improve quality of care and outcomes for patients with LEP and urge further high-quality research to improve communication with patients with LEP along the continuum of emergency care in order to achieve equity in outcomes.
Citation: Gutman CK, Lion KC, Fisher CL . Breaking through barriers: the need for effective research to promote language-concordant communication as a facilitator of equitable emergency care. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open 2022 Feb;3(1):e12639. doi: .
Keywords: Communication, Emergency Department, Cultural Competence, Clinician-Patient Communication
Squires A, Ma C, Miner S
Assessing the influence of patient language preference on 30 day hospital readmission risk from home health care: a retrospective analysis.
In home health care, language barriers are understudied. Language barriers between patients and providers are known to affect a variety of patient outcomes. How a patient's language preference influences hospital readmission risk from home health care has yet to be determined. The objective of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to determine if home care patients' language preference is associated with their risk for hospital readmission from home health care within 30 days of hospital discharge.
Citation: Squires A, Ma C, Miner S . Assessing the influence of patient language preference on 30 day hospital readmission risk from home health care: a retrospective analysis. Int J Nurs Stud 2022 Jan;125:104093. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2021.104093..
Keywords: Cultural Competence, Home Healthcare, Hospital Readmissions, Risk, Communication
Brenner AT, Ko LK, Janz N
Race/ethnicity and primary language: health beliefs about colorectal cancer screening in a diverse, low-income population.
The purpose of this paper was to explore whether health belief model (HBM) constructs pertaining to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening differ by race/ethnicity and primary language. Understanding how different populations think about CRC screening may be critical in promoting screening in diverse populations.
Citation: Brenner AT, Ko LK, Janz N . Race/ethnicity and primary language: health beliefs about colorectal cancer screening in a diverse, low-income population. J Health Care Poor Underserved 2015 Aug;26(3):824-38. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2015.0075.
Keywords: Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Cultural Competence, Low-Income, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Screening