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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Starmer AJ, Destino L, Yoon CS
Intern and resident workflow patterns on pediatric inpatient units: a multicenter time-motion study.
The researchers sought to quantify the proportion of time spent by residents in direct care, indirect care activities, and education across 9 pediatric institutions. They found that across all sites and levels of training, trainees spent more time in interprofessional communication (34.7 percent), and at the computer (20.5 percent), and less time in contact with patients and families (12.0 percent) and in educational activities (4.7 percent).
Citation: Starmer AJ, Destino L, Yoon CS . Intern and resident workflow patterns on pediatric inpatient units: a multicenter time-motion study. JAMA Pediatr 2015 Dec;169(12):1175-7. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2471..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Inpatient Care, Provider, Training, Workflow
Cutting EM, Overby CL, Banchero M
Using workflow modeling to identify areas to improve genetic test processes in the University of Maryland Translational Pharmacogenomics Project.
The researchers used information gained from focus groups in order to illustrate the current process of delivering genetic test results to clinicians. They proposed a business process model and notation (BPMN) representation of this process for a Translational Pharmacogenomics Project being implemented at the University of Maryland Medical Center. They found that the current process could be improved to reduce input errors, better inform and notify clinicians about the implications of certain genetic tests, and make results more easily understood. They demonstrated theiruse of BPMN to improve this important clinical process for CYP2C19 genetic testing.
Citation: Cutting EM, Overby CL, Banchero M . Using workflow modeling to identify areas to improve genetic test processes in the University of Maryland Translational Pharmacogenomics Project. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2015 Nov 5;2015:466-74.
Keywords: Genetics, Diagnostic Safety and Quality, Medication, Workflow, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Organizational Change
Gephart S, Carrington JM, Finley B
A systematic review of nurses' experiences with unintended consequences when using the electronic health record.
The purpose of this article is to present the state of the science on nurses' experiences with unintended consequences of electronic health records (EHRs). Findings demonstrate that nurses experience changes to workflow, must continually adapt to meet patient's needs in the context of imperfect EHR systems, and have difficulty accessing the information they need to make patient care decisions. Implications for nurse administrators include the need for continual engagement with nurses along the continuum of EHR design, as well as the need to encourage nurses to speak up and acknowledge workflow changes that threaten patient safety or do not support work efficiency.
Citation: Gephart S, Carrington JM, Finley B . A systematic review of nurses' experiences with unintended consequences when using the electronic health record. Nurs Adm Q 2015 Oct-Dec;39(4):345-56. doi: 10.1097/naq.0000000000000119.
Keywords: Adverse Events, Clinical Decision Support (CDS), Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Nursing, Workflow
Linzer M, Poplau S, Grossman E
A cluster randomized trial of interventions to improve work conditions and clinician burnout in primary care: results from the Healthy Work Place (HWP) Study.
This study aimed to assess if improvements in work conditions reduce clinician stress and burnout. It found that burnout was more likely to improve with workflow interventions and with targeted QI projects than in controls. Also, interventions in communication or workflow led to greater improvements in clinician satisfaction.
Citation: Linzer M, Poplau S, Grossman E . A cluster randomized trial of interventions to improve work conditions and clinician burnout in primary care: results from the Healthy Work Place (HWP) Study. J Gen Intern Med 2015 Aug;30(8):1105-11. doi: 10.1007/s11606-015-3235-4..
Keywords: Burnout, Stress, Primary Care, Workflow, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Communication
Butler KA, Mercer E, Bahrami A
Model checking for verification of interactive health IT systems.
The authors proposed to formalize the relationship between HIT and the conceptual work that increasingly typifies modern care. They demonstrated the method on a patient contact system to show that model checking is effective for interactive systems and that much of it can be automated.
Citation: Butler KA, Mercer E, Bahrami A . Model checking for verification of interactive health IT systems. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2015;2015:349-58.
Keywords: Decision Making, Health Information Technology (HIT), Health Information Technology (HIT), Patient Safety, Workflow