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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 8 of 8 Research Studies Displayed
Werner RM, Konetzka RT, Qi M
The impact of Medicare copayments for skilled nursing facilities on length of stay, outcomes, and costs.
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of Medicare's skilled nursing facility (SNF) copayment policy, with a large increase in the daily copayment rate on the 20th day of a benefit period, on length of stay, patient outcomes, and costs. The investigators concluded that Medicare's SNF copayment policy was associated with shorter lengths of stay and worse patient outcomes, suggesting the copayment policy had unintended and negative effects on patient outcomes.
Citation: Werner RM, Konetzka RT, Qi M . The impact of Medicare copayments for skilled nursing facilities on length of stay, outcomes, and costs. Health Serv Res 2019 Dec;54(6):1184-92. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13227..
Keywords: Medicare, Nursing Homes, Payment, Long-Term Care, Healthcare Costs, Elderly, Hospitalization, Hospital Discharge
Vadlamani A, Perry JA, McCunn M
Racial differences in discharge location after a traumatic brain injury among older adults.
The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to determine if there were racial differences in discharge location among older adults treated for traumatic brain injury (TBI) at a level 1 trauma center. The authors concluded that in this group of Medicare-eligible older adults, blacks were more likely to be discharged to inpatient rehabilitation compared to whites.
Citation: Vadlamani A, Perry JA, McCunn M . Racial differences in discharge location after a traumatic brain injury among older adults. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Sep;100(9):1622-28. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.008.
Keywords: Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Brain Injury, Trauma, Elderly, Hospital Discharge, Rehabilitation, Medicare
Zhu JM, Navathe A, Yuan Y
Medicare's bundled payment model did not change skilled nursing facility discharge patterns.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether participation in Medicare's voluntary Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) model was associated with changes in discharge referral patterns to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), specifically number of SNF partners and discharge concentration. The investigators concluded that hospital participation in BPCI was not associated with changes in the number of SNF partners or in discharge concentration relative to non-BPCI hospitals.
Citation: Zhu JM, Navathe A, Yuan Y . Medicare's bundled payment model did not change skilled nursing facility discharge patterns. Am J Manag Care 2019 Jul;25(7):329-34..
Keywords: Medicare, Payment, Practice Patterns, Hospital Discharge, Nursing Homes
Bain AM, Werner RM, Yuan Y
Do hospitals participating in accountable care organizations discharge patients to higher quality nursing homes?
This study examined whether hospitals participating in Medicare's Shared Saving Program increased use of highly rated skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) or decreased the use of low-rated SNFs after initiation of accountable care organization (ACO) contracts, compared with non-ACO hospitals. The findings indicate that, after joining an ACO, the percentage of hospital discharges going to a high-quality SNF increased slightly; the probability of discharge from ACO-participating hospitals to low-quality SNFs did not change significantly in comparison with non-ACO hospitals.
Citation: Bain AM, Werner RM, Yuan Y . Do hospitals participating in accountable care organizations discharge patients to higher quality nursing homes? J Hosp Med 2019 May;14(5):288-89. doi: 10.12788/jhm.3147..
Keywords: Elderly, Hospital Discharge, Hospitals, Medicare, Nursing Homes, Quality of Care, Value
Huckfeldt P, Escarce J, Sood N
Thirty-day postdischarge mortality among black and white patients 65 years and older in the Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program.
The goal of this cohort study was to determine whether short-term mortality rates increased among black and white adults 65 years and older after initiation of the Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) and whether trends differed by race. Using an interrupted time-series analysis, the researchers found that short-term post-discharge mortality did not appear to increase for black patients under the HRRP, suggesting that certain value-based payment policies can be implemented without harming black populations. However, mortality seemed to increase for white patients with heart failure; this situation warrants investigation.
Citation: Huckfeldt P, Escarce J, Sood N . Thirty-day postdischarge mortality among black and white patients 65 years and older in the Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program. JAMA Netw Open 2019 Mar;2(3):e190634. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0634..
Keywords: Medicare, Elderly, Mortality, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Hospital Discharge, Value
Zuckerman RB, Wu S, Chen LM
The five-star skilled nursing facility rating system and care of disadvantaged populations.
Citation: Zuckerman RB, Wu S, Chen LM . The five-star skilled nursing facility rating system and care of disadvantaged populations. J Am Geriatr Soc 2019 Jan;67(1):108-14. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15629..
Keywords: Nursing Homes, Vulnerable Populations, Medicare, Elderly, Provider Performance, Quality of Care, Hospital Discharge, Disparities
Das A, Norton EC, Miller DC
Association of postdischarge spending and performance on new episode-based spending measure.
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services recently added the Medicare Spending per Beneficiary (MSPB) metric to its Hospital Value-Based Purchasing (HVBP) program. The researchers evaluated whether hospital performance was driven by spending before, during, or after hospitalization. They found that compared with low-cost hospitals, high-cost hospitals had significantly higher preadmission and index admission spending, but the largest differences were in postdischarge spending.
Citation: Das A, Norton EC, Miller DC . Association of postdischarge spending and performance on new episode-based spending measure. JAMA Intern Med 2016 Jan;176(1):117-9. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.6261.
Keywords: Healthcare Costs, Medicare, Hospitals, Provider Performance, Hospitalization, Payment, Hospital Discharge
Jubelt LE, Goldfeld KS, Chung WY
Changes in discharge location and readmission rates under Medicare bundled payment.
To control costs, NYU Langone Medical Center attempted to shift referrals from facility-based to home-based postacute care. In the context of this shift in referrals, the researchers examined the change in hospital readmission rates. Their findings suggest that institutions may be able to shift some patients from facility-based to home-based postacute care without adversely affecting hospital readmission rates or the length of hospital stay.
AHRQ-funded; HS023683; HS022882.
Citation: Jubelt LE, Goldfeld KS, Chung WY . Changes in discharge location and readmission rates under Medicare bundled payment. JAMA Intern Med 2016 Jan;176(1):115-7. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.6265.
Keywords: Medicare, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Home Healthcare, Healthcare Costs