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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Adediran T, Drumheller BC, McCunn M
Sex differences in in-hospital complications among older adults after traumatic brain injury.
This study examined sex differences in in-hospital complications among older adults after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Previous evidence has suggested that women have better outcomes than men after TBI. A retrospective cohort study was conducted of adults aged 65 years and older treated for moderate to severe TBI at R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center from 1996 to 2012. The investigators identified TBI using ICD-9 CM codes and inclusion in the study required an abbreviated injury scale head score of 3 or greater, abbreviated injury scale scores for other body regions of 2 or greater, and a blunt injury mechanism. Out of 2511 patients, 51.1% were men, and 25.1% developed an in-hospital complication. Men had a complication rate of 28.1% versus 22.0% for women.
Citation: Adediran T, Drumheller BC, McCunn M . Sex differences in in-hospital complications among older adults after traumatic brain injury. J Surg Res 2019 Nov;243:427-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2019.05.053..
Keywords: Elderly, Sex Factors, Adverse Events, Hospitalization, Brain Injury
Glass NE, Vadlamani A, Hwang F
Bleeding and thromboembolism after traumatic brain injury in the elderly: a real conundrum.
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the incidence of bleeding, recurrent traumatic brain injury (TBI), and thromboembolic (TE) events after an initial TBI in older adults and to identify which factors contribute to this risk. The researchers found that, among Medicare patients hospitalized with TBI, the incidence of TE events was significantly higher than that of bleeding or recurrent TBI. They identified specific risk factors of bleeding and TE events, which may guide care of older adults after TBI.
Citation: Glass NE, Vadlamani A, Hwang F . Bleeding and thromboembolism after traumatic brain injury in the elderly: a real conundrum. J Surg Res 2019 Mar;235:615-20. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2018.10.021..
Keywords: Brain Injury, Blood Clots, Elderly, Trauma, Injuries and Wounds, Risk, Adverse Events
Humble SS, Wilson LD, McKenna JW
Tracheostomy risk factors and outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury.
The researchers sought to determine risk factors associated with tracheostomy placement after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and subsequent outcomes among those who did and did not receive a tracheostomy. They concluded that age and insurance status are independently associated with tracheostomy placement, but not with mortality after severe TBI. Tracheostomy placement is associated with increased survival after severe TBI.
Citation: Humble SS, Wilson LD, McKenna JW . Tracheostomy risk factors and outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj 2016;30(13-14):1642-47. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2016.1199915.
Keywords: Adverse Events, Brain Injury, Outcomes, Risk, Trauma