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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Raji MY, Chen NW, Raji M
Factors associated with seeking physician care by Medicare beneficiaries who receive all their primary care from nurse practitioners.
The authors sought to examine rate and correlates of switching from exclusive nurse practitioner (NP) primary care to receiving some or all primary care from physicians. The study group consisted of Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes, congrestive heart failure, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The researchers found that about half of Medicare patients under exclusive NP primary care switched to physicians for some or all primary care over a 3-year period.
AHRQ-funded; HS022134; HS020642.
Citation: Raji MY, Chen NW, Raji M . Factors associated with seeking physician care by Medicare beneficiaries who receive all their primary care from nurse practitioners. J Prim Care Community Health 2016 Oct;7(4):249-57. doi: 10.1177/2150131916659674.
Keywords: Elderly, Medicare, Primary Care, Practice Patterns
Penti B, Liebschutz JM, Kopcza B
Novel peer review method for improving controlled substance prescribing in primary care.
The authors sought to determine if peer feedback through a chart review tool (CRT) can impact opioid prescribing for patients with chronic noncancer pain in an outpatient family medicine clinic at an urban, safety-net teaching hospital. They reviewed 99 patient charts from 14 physicians over 1 year. They found that the mean dose of opioids decreased 2.6 mg morphine equivalent dose (MED)/day from time of chart review until the end of the project, compared to a 6.9 mg MED/day increase that occurred from 12 months prior to chart review to the time of chart review, and 14 patients were taken off of opioids after the chart review.
Citation: Penti B, Liebschutz JM, Kopcza B . Novel peer review method for improving controlled substance prescribing in primary care. J Opioid Manag 2016 Jul-Aug;12(4):269-79. doi: 10.5055/jom.2016.0342.
Keywords: Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Medication, Opioids, Primary Care, Practice Patterns
Renati S, Linder JA
Necessity of office visits for acute respiratory infections in primary care.
The researchers measured the proportion of primary care acute respiratory infection (ARI) visits that may not require an office visit. They concluded that about two-thirds of primary care ARI visits may not be necessary for appropriate antibiotic management.
Citation: Renati S, Linder JA . Necessity of office visits for acute respiratory infections in primary care. Fam Pract 2016 Jun;33(3):312-7. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmw019.
Keywords: Decision Making, Medication, Primary Care, Practice Patterns, Respiratory Conditions
Chung S, Zhao B, Lauderdale D
Initiation of treatment for incident diabetes: evidence from the electronic health records in an ambulatory care setting.
The researchers examined patterns and predictors of initiation of treatment for incident diabetes in an ambulatory care setting in the US. They found that only half of patients were treated during the first year following diabetes incidence, and only 20% of patients received both medication prescription and lifestyle modification interventions.
Citation: Chung S, Zhao B, Lauderdale D . Initiation of treatment for incident diabetes: evidence from the electronic health records in an ambulatory care setting. Prim Care Diabetes 2015 Feb;9(1):23-30. doi: 10.1016/j.pcd.2014.04.005..
Keywords: Ambulatory Care and Surgery, Care Management, Diabetes, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Primary Care, Practice Patterns
Gidengil CA, Linder JA, Beach S
Using clinical vignettes to assess quality of care for acute respiratory infections.
Overprescribing of antibiotics for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) is common. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a vignette-based method to estimate clinician ARI antibiotic prescribing. The researchers concluded that responses to 3 clinical vignettes can identify clinicians with relatively poor quality ARI antibiotic prescribing. Vignettes may be a mechanism to target clinicians for quality improvement efforts.
Citation: Gidengil CA, Linder JA, Beach S . Using clinical vignettes to assess quality of care for acute respiratory infections. Inquiry 2016 Apr 20;53:pii: 0046958016636531. doi: 10.1177/0046958016636531..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Health Services Research (HSR), Medication, Practice Patterns, Primary Care, Quality of Care, Respiratory Conditions
Howard HA, Malouin R, Callow-Rucker M
Care managers and knowledge shift in primary care patient-centered medical home transformation.
Based on a health insurance company-sponsored primary care transformation project, this study explores the perceptions of care management from the perspective of providers and practice staff to examine shifts in knowledge and their broader implications for primary care. It demonstrates how the diffusion of clinical power and knowledge production redefine primary care relationships to patients, as traditional hierarchies shift to team-based care.
AHRQ-funded; HS020046; HS01795.
Citation: Howard HA, Malouin R, Callow-Rucker M . Care managers and knowledge shift in primary care patient-centered medical home transformation. Hum Organ 2016 Spring;75(1):10-20..
Keywords: Care Management, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Primary Care, Practice Patterns, Teams
Tan A, Zhou J, Kuo YF
Variation among primary care physicians in the use of imaging for older patients with acute low back pain.
The authors sought to estimate the variation among primary care providers (PCPs) in the use of diagnostic imaging for older patients with non-specific acute low back pain. They used Texas Medicare claims data and tracked whether each patient received lumbar imaging within 4 weeks of the initial visit. They found that the specific physician seen by a patient accounted for 25 % of the variability in whether imaging was performed and that the use of imaging by individual physicians was stable over time.
Citation: Tan A, Zhou J, Kuo YF . Variation among primary care physicians in the use of imaging for older patients with acute low back pain. J Gen Intern Med 2016 Feb;31(2):156-63. doi: 10.1007/s11606-015-3475-3.
Keywords: Back Health and Pain, Elderly, Imaging, Primary Care, Practice Patterns