Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Williams CN, Piantino J, McEvoy C
The burden of pediatric neurocritical care in the United States.
This article attempts to quantify the burden of pediatric neurocritical care (PNCC) by developing national estimates of disease incidence, evaluating use of critical care interventions (CCI), and examining hospital outcomes. The Kids Inpatient Database (KID) was analyzed to evaluate cohorts with the following conditions: traumatic brain injury, neuro-infection, or inflammatory diseases; status epilepticus; stroke; hypoxic ischemic injury after cardiac arrest; or spinal cord injury.
Citation: Williams CN, Piantino J, McEvoy C . The burden of pediatric neurocritical care in the United States. Pediatr Neurol 2018 Dec;89:31-38. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2018.07.013..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Critical Care, Healthcare Costs, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Neurological Disorders, Stroke, Trauma
Khandelwal N, Hough CL, Downey L
Prevalence, risk factors, and outcomes of financial stress in survivors of critical illness.
The objective was to describe the prevalence of financial stress among critically ill patients and their families and explore associations between financial stress and psychologic distress. It found that factors associated with financial stress included female sex, young children at home, and baseline financial discomfort. Also, financial stress after critical illness was common and associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Citation: Khandelwal N, Hough CL, Downey L . Prevalence, risk factors, and outcomes of financial stress in survivors of critical illness. Crit Care Med 2018 Jun;46(6):e530-e39. doi: 10.1097/ccm.0000000000003076.
Keywords: Critical Care, Healthcare Costs, Risk, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Stress
Mahmoud L, Zullo AR, Thompson BB
Outcomes of protocolised analgesia and sedation in a neurocritical care unit.
Researchers conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1197 mechanically ventilated patients admitted to a 12-bed neurocritical care unit (NCCU) over four years in order to evaluate the effect of an analgesia-based sedation protocol on medication use and costs in the NCCU. The protocol resulted in increased in fentanyl use and decreased in propofol use, but their findings indicate no effect on healthcare utilization, healthcare costs, or in-hospital mortality. Based on these results, the researchers suggest that similar NCCUs should consider using population-specific protocols to manage analgesia and sedation.
Citation: Mahmoud L, Zullo AR, Thompson BB . Outcomes of protocolised analgesia and sedation in a neurocritical care unit. Brain Inj 2018;32(7):941-47. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2018.1469167..
Keywords: Care Management, Brain Injury, Critical Care, Healthcare Costs, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Medication, Neurological Disorders, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Value