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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Tam CA, Dauw CA, Ghani KR
New persistent opioid use after outpatient ureteroscopy for upper tract stone treatment.
The purpose of this study was to measure the incidence of persistent opioid use following ureteroscopy (URS). Over 100 Americans die every day from opioid overdose. Recent studies suggest that many opioid addictions surface after surgery. The investigators concluded that nearly 1 in 16 opioid-naive patients developed new persistent opioid use after URS. New persistent opioid use was associated with the amount of opioid prescribed at the time of URS. The authors suggest that, given these findings, urologists should re-evaluate their post-URS opioid prescribing patterns.
AHRQ-funded; HS024525; HS024728.
Citation: Tam CA, Dauw CA, Ghani KR . New persistent opioid use after outpatient ureteroscopy for upper tract stone treatment. Urology 2019 Dec;134:103-08. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2019.08.042..
Keywords: Opioids, Medication, Substance Abuse, Surgery, Practice Patterns
Ibrahim N, Alameddine M, Brennan J
New onset alcohol use disorder following bariatric surgery.
Researchers sought to characterize the patients and incidence of alcohol use disorder (AUD) following sleeve gastrectomy (SG) compared to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). They found that the prevalence of alcohol use disorder in patients undergoing SG and RYGB was similar pre- and postoperatively, with the majority of patients developing AUD following their second postoperative year. The authors recommended understanding the timing and incidence of AUD in order to provide appropriate counseling and treatment.
AHRQ-funded; HS023621; HS024403.
Citation: Ibrahim N, Alameddine M, Brennan J . New onset alcohol use disorder following bariatric surgery. Surg Endosc 2019 Aug;33(8):2521-30. doi: 10.1007/s00464-018-6545-x..
Keywords: Alcohol Use, Behavioral Health, Obesity, Obesity: Weight Management, Substance Abuse, Surgery