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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Guglielminotti J, Landau R, Li. G
Adverse events and factors associated with potentially avoidable use of general anesthesia in cesarean deliveries.
Compared with neuraxial anesthesia, general anesthesia for cesarean delivery is associated with increased risk of maternal adverse events. Reducing avoidable general anesthetics for cesarean delivery may improve safety of obstetric anesthesia care. This study examined adverse events, trends, and factors associated with potentially avoidable general anesthetics for cesarean delivery. The investigators concluded that compared with neuraxial anesthesia, avoidable general anesthetics are associated with increased risk of adverse maternal outcomes.
Citation: Guglielminotti J, Landau R, Li. G . Adverse events and factors associated with potentially avoidable use of general anesthesia in cesarean deliveries. Anesthesiology 2019 Jun;130(6):912-22. doi: 10.1097/aln.0000000000002629..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Labor and Delivery, Surgery, Pregnancy, Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Adverse Events, Women, Medication, Medication: Safety, Patient Safety, Maternal Care
Lapcharoensap W, Cong A, Sherman J
Safety and ergonomic challenges of ventilating a premature infant during delayed cord clamping.
This study discussed the reasons that delayed cord clamping (DCC) for term and preterm infants is endorsed by multiple medical organizations. It has been shown to reduce hemorrhage, lower incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis and the need for transfusions in preterm infants. The writers held a number of multidisciplinary simulation workshops of vaginal and Caesarean deliveries, with providers starting positive pressure ventilation and ending with CPAP on a preterm manikin. Videos were also reviewed and identified 5 themes of concern: sterility, equipment, mobility, space, and workflow.
Citation: Lapcharoensap W, Cong A, Sherman J . Safety and ergonomic challenges of ventilating a premature infant during delayed cord clamping. Children 2019 Apr 13;6(4). doi: 10.3390/children6040059..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Labor and Delivery, Newborns/Infants, Patient Safety
Kahwati LC, Sorensen AV, Teixeira-Poit S
AHRQ Author: Mistry KB
Impact of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Safety Program for Perinatal Care.
The purpose of this study was to describe the Safety Program for Perinatal Care (SPPC) implementation experience and evaluate the short-term impact on labor and delivery (L&D) unit patient safety culture, processes, and adverse events. SPPC implementation by L&D units were supported sing a program toolkit, trainings, and technical assistance. Researchers then evaluated the program using a pre-post, mixed-methods design. Changes in safety and quality were measured using the Modified Adverse Outcome Index (MAOI) and other perinatal care indicators. Findings showed that SPPC had a favorable impact on unit patient safety culture and processes, but mixed short-term impact on maternal and neonatal adverse events.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 2902010000241.
Citation: Kahwati LC, Sorensen AV, Teixeira-Poit S . Impact of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Safety Program for Perinatal Care. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2019 Apr;45(4):231-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjq.2018.11.002..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Communication, Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP), Labor and Delivery, Maternal Care, Newborns/Infants, Outcomes, Patient Safety, Pregnancy, Simulation, Surveys on Patient Safety Culture, Teams, TeamSTEPPS, Training, Women