Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Suda KJ, Calip GS, Zhou J
Assessment of the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions for infection prophylaxis before dental procedures, 2011 to 2015.
This retrospective cohort study examined the use of antibiotic prophylaxis prescribed before dental procedures with patients who have commercial dental insurance. Data from the Truven insurance network was used for claims from 2009 to 2015. Patients in the study were given an antibiotic prescription 7 days before a dental visit. These patients have an appropriate cardiac diagnosis and the median age was 63 and majority female. The majority of dental visits were classified as diagnostic (70.2%) or and/or preventive (58.8%). There were prevalent comorbidities in some patients including prosthetic joint devices (42.5%) and cardiac conditions at higher risk of adverse outcome from infections (20.9%). It was found that 80.9% of antibiotic prescriptions were deemed to be unnecessary based on guidelines.
Citation: Suda KJ, Calip GS, Zhou J . Assessment of the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions for infection prophylaxis before dental procedures, 2011 to 2015. JAMA Netw Open 2019 May 3;2(5):e193909. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3909..
Keywords: Decision Making, Dental and Oral Health, Medication, Practice Patterns, Prevention
Suda KJ, Durkin MJ, Calip GS
Comparison of opioid prescribing by dentists in the United States and England.
The goal of this cross-sectional study was to compare opioid prescribing rates by dentists in the US and England, using data on prescriptions dispensed from outpatient pharmacies and health care settings in 2016 by dentists in both countries. Findings show that the proportion of prescriptions for opioids written by US dentists was 37 times greater than the proportion written by English dentists. US dentists also had a higher number of opioid prescriptions per 1000 population and number of prescriptions per dentist. Dihydrocodeine was the only opioid prescribed by English dentists, while US dentists prescribed a range of opioids containing hydrocodone, codeine, oxycodone, and tramadol, as well as long-acting opioids. The researchers conclude that US dentists adopt measures similar to those used in England to reduce dental opioid prescribing in the United States.
Citation: Suda KJ, Durkin MJ, Calip GS . Comparison of opioid prescribing by dentists in the United States and England. JAMA Netw Open 2019 May 3;2(5):e194303. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.4303..
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Medication, Opioids, Pain, Practice Patterns, Provider