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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Kitsios GD, Yang L, Manatakis DV
Host-response subphenotypes offer prognostic enrichment in patients with or at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome.
This study examined whether certain plasma biomarkers can be used to help classify mechanically ventilated ICU patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome into hyper- and hypoinflammatory subphenotypes to facilitate more effective targeted therapy. The researchers performed longitudinal measures of 10 plasma biomarkers of host injury and inflammation. They were able to demonstrate that two-class models (hyper- vs hypoinflammatory subphenotypes) fit better than one-class models in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome or patients at risk for acute respiratory distress (ARFA). Hyperinflammatory classification was associated higher severity of illness, worse clinical outcomes, and persistently elevated biomarkers of host injury and inflammation compared with hypoinflammatory patients.
Citation: Kitsios GD, Yang L, Manatakis DV . Host-response subphenotypes offer prognostic enrichment in patients with or at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome. Crit Care Med 2019 Dec;47(12):1724-34. doi: 10.1097/ccm.0000000000004018..
Keywords: Respiratory Conditions, Critical Care, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Risk
Sanders R, Edwards L, Nishisaki A
Tracheal intubations for critically Ill children outside specialized centers in the United Kingdom-patient, provider, practice factors, and adverse events.
This editorial discusses a research study on outcomes of performing pediatric trachael intubations (TIs) and how the results can be applied to performing intubations on critically ill children in the United Kingdom outside of specialized centers. One of the authors is from a U.S. site that submits its airway management data to the National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEAR4KIDS). The results from the registry were compared to the results from the study. A total of 1,051 patients out of 1,237 eligible patients were analyzed. The results came from 47 nonspecialized local hospitals in the North Thames and East Anglia region of the UK. Adverse TI-associated events (TIAEs) occurred in 22.7% of the patients, which is higher than those in PICUs and cardiac ICUs. The majority of intubations were performed by the anesthesiologist in the team. The results were similar to those in the NEAR4KIDS registry. There were more complications with children with a higher grade of airway difficulties and comorbidities. The authors believe that pediatric airway management for acutely ill children would benefit from new strategies. They recommend a system change using Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) cycles.
AHRQ-funded; HS021583; HS022464; HS024511.
Citation: Sanders R, Edwards L, Nishisaki A . Tracheal intubations for critically Ill children outside specialized centers in the United Kingdom-patient, provider, practice factors, and adverse events. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2019 Jun;20(6):572-73. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000001946..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Children/Adolescents, Critical Care, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Outcomes, Patient Safety, Registries, Respiratory Conditions