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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 10 of 10 Research Studies Displayed
Capo-Lugo CE, Askew RL, Naidech A
Patients with greater stroke severity and premorbid disability are less likely to receive therapist consultations and intervention during acute care hospitalization.
The goal of this single-center longitudinal observational study was to estimate the proportion of and factors associated with receipt of therapist consultations and interventions during acute care hospitalization following ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Findings showed that approximately 1 in 4 study participants with acute stroke received neither a consultation nor an intervention. The authors conclude that efforts to improve the delivery of acute care therapy services are needed to optimize care for these people.
Citation: Capo-Lugo CE, Askew RL, Naidech A . Patients with greater stroke severity and premorbid disability are less likely to receive therapist consultations and intervention during acute care hospitalization. Phys Ther 2019 Nov 25;99(11):1431-42. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzz116..
Keywords: Disabilities, Stroke, Cardiovascular Conditions, Access to Care
Sobotka SA, Lynch E, Quinn MT
Unmet respite needs of children with medical technology dependence.
Children with medical technology dependency (MTD) require a medical device to compensate for a vital body function and substantial nursing care. As such, they require constant high-level supervision. Respite care provides caregivers with a temporary break, and is associated with reduced stress; however, there are often barriers. The study utilizes mixed methodology with the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs (NS-CSHCN) and semistructured interviews with state-wide care coordinators to understand the gap for respite care services.
Citation: Sobotka SA, Lynch E, Quinn MT . Unmet respite needs of children with medical technology dependence. Clin Pediatr 2019 Oct;58(11-12):1175-86. doi: 10.1177/0009922819870251..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Medical Devices, Disabilities, Caregiving, Home Healthcare, Care Coordination
Sonik RA, Parish SL, Mitra M
Food insecurity patterns before and after initial receipt of Supplemental Security Income.
The objective of this study was to assess patterns of food insecurity before and after initial receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits. The investigators concluded that food insecurity rose prior to SSI entry but may be alleviated by programme benefits. They suggest that greater nutritional supports for SSI applicants awaiting decisions may reduce the burden of food insecurity in this population and improve health outcomes.
Citation: Sonik RA, Parish SL, Mitra M . Food insecurity patterns before and after initial receipt of Supplemental Security Income. Public Health Nutr 2019 Jul;22(10):1909-13. doi: 10.1017/s1368980019000570..
Keywords: Nutrition, Low-Income, Disabilities, Vulnerable Populations, Social Determinants of Health
Sonik RA, Parish SL, Mitra M
Association of health status with receipt of supplemental security income among individuals with severe disabilities and very low income and assets.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a cash-transfer program for individuals with severe disabilities and very low incomes and assets. The investigators analyzed data from the first 12 waves of the 2008 panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation. They found that there was a sharp decline in health status among eventual SSI recipients in the year before program entry and a modest improvement and stabilization in health status after entry. The investigators also discuss the limitations and implications of their study.
Citation: Sonik RA, Parish SL, Mitra M . Association of health status with receipt of supplemental security income among individuals with severe disabilities and very low income and assets. JAMA Intern Med 2019 Jun;179(6):842-43. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.8609..
Keywords: Health Status, Vulnerable Populations, Nutrition, Disabilities, Social Determinants of Health
Arana E, Carroll-Scott A, Massey PM
Racial/ethnic disparities in mammogram frequency among women with intellectual disability.
The purpose of this study was to collect survey and medical record data to examine associations between intellectual disability (ID) and race/ethnicity on mammogram frequency. Hispanic and Black women with ID are more likely than White women with ID to have mammograms every 2 years. Women who live in State-funded residences, are aged 50 and over, and had a mild or moderate level of ID impairment were more likely to have mammograms compared to those who lived with family or alone, were under 50, or who had severe ID impairment. The authors conclude that further research is needed to understand the mechanisms that explain these disparities.
Citation: Arana E, Carroll-Scott A, Massey PM . Racial/ethnic disparities in mammogram frequency among women with intellectual disability. Intellect Dev Disabil 2019 Jun;57(3):177-87. doi: 10.1352/1934-9556-57.3.177..
Keywords: Disabilities, Disparities, Imaging, Mammogram, Prevention, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Screening, Women
Wu J, Braunschweig Y, Harris LH
Looking back while moving forward: a justice-based, intersectional approach to research on contraception and disability.
This paper discusses the higher use of female sterilization than long-acting reversible contraception use among women with disabilities compared to women without disabilities. The reasons for that were discussed and the authors advocate for a justice-based intersectional approach to research on contraception and disability.
Citation: Wu J, Braunschweig Y, Harris LH . Looking back while moving forward: a justice-based, intersectional approach to research on contraception and disability. Contraception 2019 May;99(5):267-71. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2019.01.006..
Keywords: Disabilities, Sexual Health, Vulnerable Populations, Women
Chien AT, Toomey SL, Kuo DZ
Care quality and spending among commercially insured children with disabilities.
Researchers examined the prevalence of children with disabilities (CWD) within a commercially insured population and compared outpatient care quality and annual health plan spending levels for CWD relative to children with complex medical conditions without disabilities; children with chronic conditions that are not complex; and children without disabling, complex, or chronic conditions. The cross-sectional study comprised over 1M person-years of Blue Cross Blue Shield Massachusetts data for beneficiaries aged from 1 to 19 years. The researchers found that CWD were prevalent in the commercially insured population, with these children experiencing suboptimal levels of care which were comparable to non-CWD groups. They concluded that improving the care value for CWD involves a deeper understanding of what higher spending delivers and additional aspects of care quality.
Citation: Chien AT, Toomey SL, Kuo DZ . Care quality and spending among commercially insured children with disabilities. Acad Pediatr 2019 Apr;19(3):291-99. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2018.06.004..
Keywords: Quality of Care, Children/Adolescents, Disabilities, Healthcare Costs, Health Insurance
Horner-Johnson W, Moe EL, Stoner RC
Contraceptive knowledge and use among women with intellectual, physical, or sensory disabilities: a systematic review.
The objective of this study was to systematically review published literature on women with disabilities and: 1) contraceptive knowledge; 2) attitudes and preferences regarding contraception; 3) contraceptive use; 4) barriers and facilitators to informed contraceptive use; and 5) effectiveness of interventions to improve informed contraceptive decision-making and use. The investigators concluded that women with disabilities may use a more narrow mix of contraceptive methods and were often less knowledgeable about contraceptives than women without disabilities.
Citation: Horner-Johnson W, Moe EL, Stoner RC . Contraceptive knowledge and use among women with intellectual, physical, or sensory disabilities: a systematic review. Disabil Health J 2019 Apr;12(2):139-54. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2018.11.006..
Keywords: Disabilities, Sexual Health, Women
Horner-Johnson W, Biel FM, Caughey AB
Differences in prenatal care by presence and type of maternal disability.
This study examined timing and frequency of prenatal care of women with disabilities by disability type. A retrospective cohort study was done of all births in California from 2000-2012. Women with intellectual/developmental disabilities, or limited hearing had the most significant risk of receiving less prenatal care compared to women with physical disabilities. However women with intellectual/developmental or physical disabilities may have a higher than normal number of prenatal visits. Delays in prenatal care may result in poorer birth outcomes.
Citation: Horner-Johnson W, Biel FM, Caughey AB . Differences in prenatal care by presence and type of maternal disability. Am J Prev Med 2019 Mar;56(3):376-82. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.10.021..
Keywords: Disabilities, Healthcare Utilization, Pregnancy, Vulnerable Populations, Women
Burgdorf J, Mulcahy J, Amjad H
Family caregiver factors associated with emergency department utilization among community-living older adults with disabilities.
This study examined characteristics of family caregivers of older community-living adults with disabilities that use emergency departments (EDs). They found in their sample of 2521 community-living older adults that have visited the ED one or more times within 12 months of their interview that the primary caregivers provided greater than 40 hours of care per week, helped with health care tasks, or experienced physical strain.
Citation: Burgdorf J, Mulcahy J, Amjad H . Family caregiver factors associated with emergency department utilization among community-living older adults with disabilities. J Prim Care Community Health 2019 Jan-Dec;10:2150132719875636. doi: 10.1177/2150132719875636..
Keywords: Elderly, Emergency Department, Disabilities, Healthcare Utilization, Caregiving