Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 145 Research Studies Displayed
Perl J, Fuller DS, Boudville N
Optimizing peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis prevention in the United States: from standardized peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis reporting and beyond.
Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis is the leading cause of permanent transition to hemodialysis among patients receiving PD. Optimizing the prevention of peritonitis in the United States will first require standardization of peritonitis definitions, key data elements, and outcomes in an effort to facilitate nationwide reporting. In this paper, the investigators highlighted considerations and challenges in developing standardized definitions and implementation of national reporting of peritonitis rates by PD facilities.
Citation: Perl J, Fuller DS, Boudville N . Optimizing peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis prevention in the United States: from standardized peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis reporting and beyond. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2020 Dec 31;16(1):154-61. doi: 10.2215/cjn.11280919..
Keywords: Kidney Disease and Health, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Groetzinger LM, Rivosecchi RM, McVerry BJ
A quality improvement evaluation of a primary as-needed light sedation protocol in mechanically ventilated adults.
This study assessed outcomes of using a light-sedation protocol as needed compared to the more usual continuous infusion sedation in mechanically ventilated adults in medical intensive care units (ICUs). This retrospective review compared patients who received the as needed sedation protocol to similar patients treated initially with continuous infusion sedation at a 32-bed medical ICU in a large academic center. Over a 2-year period, 254 total mechanically ventilated patients were evaluated. Of the evaluable patients, 114 received the prioritizing as-needed sedation protocol, and 140 received the continuous infusion approach. In the as-needed group, 42% of patients never received continuous infusion sedation. The group also received significantly less opioid, propofol, and benzodiazepine; and experienced less delirium, shorter duration of mechanical ventilation, and shorter ICU length of stay compared to the continuous infusion sedation group.
Citation: Groetzinger LM, Rivosecchi RM, McVerry BJ . A quality improvement evaluation of a primary as-needed light sedation protocol in mechanically ventilated adults. Crit Care Explor 2020 Dec;2(12):e0264. doi: 10.1097/cce.0000000000000264..
Keywords: Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Critical Care, Implementation
Heinze K, Suwanabol PA, Vitous CA
A survey of patient perspectives on approach to health care: focus on physician competency and compassion.
This study is a cross-sectional survey of 764 patients to gain insight into perceptions of physician qualities of compassion and competence. The participants response rate was 85%, with mean age 52.4, 70.8% female, and 84% identified as white. Predictors of compassion over competence included female gender and whether the respondent had a personal connection to the vignette used. Preferences were found to be influenced by: 1) explicit beliefs regarding the value of physician compassion and competence; 2) impact of emotional and mental health on medical experiences; 3) type and frequency of health care exposure, and; 4) perceived role of the physician in various clinical vignettes.
Citation: Heinze K, Suwanabol PA, Vitous CA . A survey of patient perspectives on approach to health care: focus on physician competency and compassion. J Patient Exp 2020 Dec;7(6):1044-53. doi: 10.1177/2374373520968447..
Keywords: Provider: Physician, Provider, Patient Experience, Provider Performance, Quality of Care
Reisz PA, Laviana AA, Zhao Z
Assessing the quality of surgical care for clinically localized prostate cancer: results from the CEASAR study.
Prior studies suggest that nationally endorsed quality measures for prostate cancer care are not linked closely with outcomes. Using a prospective, population based cohort the investigators measured clinically relevant variation in structure, process and outcome measures in men undergoing radical prostatectomy. The authors did not identify and meaningful variation in quality of care across racial groups, age groups and surgeon volume strata, in this cohort, suggesting that men were receiving comparable quality of care across these strata.
Citation: Reisz PA, Laviana AA, Zhao Z . Assessing the quality of surgical care for clinically localized prostate cancer: results from the CEASAR study. J Urol 2020 Dec;204(6):1236-41. doi: 10.1097/ju.0000000000001198..
Keywords: Surgery, Cancer: Prostate Cancer, Cancer, Quality of Care, Quality of Life, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Comparative Effectiveness, Evidence-Based Practice
Griffey RT, Schneider RM, Sharp BR
Description and yield of current quality and safety review in selected US academic emergency departments.
This study examined the impact of current quality and safety reviews used in US academic emergency departments (EDs). The authors hypothesized that current protocols are decades old and inefficient with low yield for identifying patient harm. They conducted a prospective observational study at five academic EDs for a 12-month procedure. Sites used the Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s definition in defining an adverse event and a modified National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention (MERP) Index for severity grading of events. They reviewed a total of 4735 cases and identified 381 events, of which 287 were near-misses, and 94 had adverse events (AEs). The overall AE rate was 1.99% (1.24-3.47%) across all sites. Quality concern rate (events without harms) was 6.06% (5.42-6.78%). Forty-seven percent of cases used 72 hour returns as their referral source but with only a 0.81% yield in identifying harm. Other referral sources also had similar low yields. External referrals in the 94 AE cases accounted for 41.49% of cases. The authors concluded that new approaches to quality and safety review in the ED are needed to optimize yield and efficiency for identifying harms and areas for improvement.
Citation: Griffey RT, Schneider RM, Sharp BR . Description and yield of current quality and safety review in selected US academic emergency departments. J Patient Saf 2020 Dec;16(4):e245-e49. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000379..
Keywords: Emergency Department, Patient Safety, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Provider Performance
Geng F, Mansouri S, Stevenson DG
Evolution of the home health care market: the expansion and quality performance of multi-agency chains.
This study examined the growth and quality performance of multi-agency home health agency (HHA) chains from 2005 to 2018. All Medicare-certified HHAs were included. Over the time period, the number of HHAs increased from 7899 to 10,818 and the number of chain-owned HHAs more than doubled from 903 to 1841. In 2018, for-profit nonchain agencies were still the largest category - both in the number of agencies (67.8%) and number of Medicare enrollees served (40.7%). Non-chain for-profit HHAs served the highest proportion of dual eligible beneficiaries and African Americans among all agency types.
Citation: Geng F, Mansouri S, Stevenson DG . Evolution of the home health care market: the expansion and quality performance of multi-agency chains. Health Serv Res 2020 Dec;55(Suppl 3):1073-84. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13597..
Keywords: Home Healthcare, Provider Performance, Quality of Care
Kranz AM, DeYoreo M, shete-Roesler B
Health system affiliation of physician organizations and quality of care for Medicare beneficiaries who have high needs.
The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that health systems provide better care to patients with high needs compared to nonaffiliated physician organizations (POs). The 2015 Medicare Data on Provider Practice and Specialty linked physicians’ database was linked to POs Medicare Provider Enrollment, Chain, and Ownership System (PECOS) and IRS Form 990 data to identify health system affiliations. Among 2,323,301 beneficiaries with high needs, 52.3% received care from system-affiliated practices. The emergency department (ED) visit rate was statistically significantly different in system-affiliated POs and nonaffiliated POs. There were small differences for the remaining five of six quality measures examined: continuity of care, follow-up visits, all-cause readmissions, and ambulatory care-sensitive hospitalizations. Within systems there was substantial variation for rates of continuity of care and follow-up after ED visits.
Citation: Kranz AM, DeYoreo M, shete-Roesler B . Health system affiliation of physician organizations and quality of care for Medicare beneficiaries who have high needs. Health Serv Res 2020 Dec;55(Suppl 3):1118-28. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13570..
Keywords: Health Systems, Medicare, Quality of Care, Healthcare Delivery
Liu FF, Lew A, Andes E
Implementation strategies for depression and anxiety screening in a pediatric cystic fibrosis center: a quality improvement project.
The objective of this study was to share key strategies that led to successful mental health screening (MHS) implementation in one pediatric cystic fibrosis center and to report implementation and screening outcomes. Results showed that leveraging coproduction to address stakeholder needs led to successful implementation of a sustainable MHS process.
Citation: Liu FF, Lew A, Andes E . Implementation strategies for depression and anxiety screening in a pediatric cystic fibrosis center: a quality improvement project. Pediatr Pulmonol 2020 Dec;55(12):3328-36. doi: 10.1002/ppul.24951..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Respiratory Conditions, Chronic Conditions, Depression, Anxiety, Behavioral Health, Screening, Implementation, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Diagnostic Safety and Quality
Jacobs PD, Basu J
AHRQ Author: Jacobs PD, Basu J
Medicare Advantage and postdischarge quality: evidence from hospital readmissions.
This study compared relative readmission rates for beneficiaries enrolled in Medicare Advantage (MA) and traditional Medicare (TM). HCUP State Inpatient Databases data for 4 states was used from 2009 and 2014. The outcome compared was the probability of a hospital readmission within 30 days of an index admission. There were significantly lower all-cause readmission rates among MA enrollees relative to those in TM in both 2009 and 2014, but MA enrollment was not associated with an increased reduction in readmission rates relative to TM during that time period.
Citation: Jacobs PD, Basu J . Medicare Advantage and postdischarge quality: evidence from hospital readmissions. Am J Manag Care 2020 Dec;26(12):524-29. doi: 10.37765/ajmc.2020.88540..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Elderly, Medicare, Hospital Readmissions, Hospitals, Quality of Care, Provider Performance
Qureshi N, Quigley DD, Hays RD
Nationwide qualitative study of practice leader perspectives on what it takes to transform into a patient-centered medical home.
The purpose of this study was to examine reasons practices obtained and maintained patient-centered medical home (PCMH) recognition and what resources were needed. The investigators concluded that PCMH efforts necessitated support and assistance to frontline, on-site practice leaders leading care delivery changes. They suggested that change efforts should include financial incentives (e.g., direct payment or additional reimbursement), leadership direction and support, and internal or external staff with experience with the PCMH application process, implementation changes, and QI expertise in monitoring process and outcome data.
Citation: Qureshi N, Quigley DD, Hays RD . Nationwide qualitative study of practice leader perspectives on what it takes to transform into a patient-centered medical home. J Gen Intern Med 2020 Dec;35(12):3501-09. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06052-1..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Primary Care: Models of Care, Primary Care, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Healthcare Delivery
Friese CR, Fauer AJ, Kuisell C
Patient-reported outcomes collected in ambulatory oncology practices: feasibility, patterns, and correlates.
The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of soliciting outcomes from adults who received chemotherapy treatment for cancer and to describe the patterns and correlates of patient-reported toxicities. Results determined that querying patients on chemotherapy treatment experiences and toxicities was feasible. Toxicity rates varied across practices, informing quality improvement. Toxicity severity and service use incidence exceed previously published trial data, particularly for pain, fatigue, and gastrointestinal issues. Open-text questions enabled exploration with newer treatment regimens.
Citation: Friese CR, Fauer AJ, Kuisell C . Patient-reported outcomes collected in ambulatory oncology practices: feasibility, patterns, and correlates. Health Serv Res 2020 Dec;55(6):966-72. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13574..
Keywords: Ambulatory Care and Surgery, Cancer, Treatments, Quality of Care, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Outcomes
Auger KA, Ponti-Zins MC, Statile AM
Performance of pediatric readmission measures.
Investigators sought to assess how four different measures of pediatric readmission compare with assessment of both preventable and unplanned readmission. The four measures were: all-cause readmission, unplanned readmission/time flag classification, pediatric all-condition readmission, and potentially preventable readmission. They found that none of the existing pediatric readmission measures can reliably determine preventability. The unplanned readmission/time flag measure performed best in identifying unplanned readmissions.
Citation: Auger KA, Ponti-Zins MC, Statile AM . Performance of pediatric readmission measures. J Hosp Med 2020 Dec;15(12):723-26. doi: 10.12788/jhm.3521..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Hospital Readmissions, Provider Performance, Quality Measures, Quality of Care
Quigley DD, Qureshi N, Masarweh LA
Practice leaders report targeting several types of changes in care experienced by patients during patient-centered medical home transformation.
This study looked at how primary care practices implemented changes during the transition to becoming a patient-centered medical home (PCMH). The authors examined 105 primary care practice leader experiences during PCMH transformation using semi-structured interviews. Practices most commonly targeted changes in care coordination (30%), access to care (25%), and provider communication (24%). Reported areas for PCMH transformation were measured by Clinician & Group CAHPS, PCMH CAHPS, or supplemental CAHPS survey items, including team-based care (35%), providing more on-site services (28%), care management (22%), patient-centered culture (18%), and chronic condition health education (13%). Many PCMH changes are captured by CAHPS survey items, but some are not.
Citation: Quigley DD, Qureshi N, Masarweh LA . Practice leaders report targeting several types of changes in care experienced by patients during patient-centered medical home transformation. J Patient Exp 2020 Dec;7(6):1509-18. doi: 10.1177/2374373520934231..
Keywords: Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS), Primary Care: Models of Care, Primary Care, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient Experience, Care Coordination, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Implementation
Zhou RA, Beaulieu ND, Cutler D
Primary care quality and cost for privately insured patients in and out of US health systems: evidence from four states.
The purpose of this study was to characterize physician health system membership in four states between 2012 and 2016 and to compare primary care quality and cost between in-system providers and non-system providers for the commercially insured population. Investigators concluded that a growing share of physicians were part of a health system from 2012 to 2016.
Citation: Zhou RA, Beaulieu ND, Cutler D . Primary care quality and cost for privately insured patients in and out of US health systems: evidence from four states. Health Serv Res 2020 Dec;55(Suppl 3):1098-106. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13590.
Keywords: Primary Care, Quality of Care, Health Insurance, Healthcare Costs
Brajcich BC, Bentrem DJ, Yang AD
Short-term risk of performing concurrent procedures with hepatic artery infusion pump placement.
This study’s objective was to characterize the short-term outcomes of concurrent surgery with hepatic artery infusion pump (HAIP) placement using data from the 2005-2017 ACS NSQIP dataset. Findings showed that HAIP placement is not associated with additional morbidity when performed with hepatic and/or colorectal surgery. Decisions regarding HAIP placement should consider the risks of concurrent operations as well as patient- and disease-specific factors.
Citation: Brajcich BC, Bentrem DJ, Yang AD . Short-term risk of performing concurrent procedures with hepatic artery infusion pump placement. Ann Surg Oncol 2020 Dec;27(13):5098-106. doi: 10.1245/s10434-020-08938-0..
Keywords: Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Surgery, Risk, Cancer, Outcomes
Harder VS, Shaw JS, McCulloch CE
Statewide asthma learning collaborative participation and asthma-related emergency department use.
This study looked at outcomes from participation of pediatric practices in a quality improvement (QI) collaborative to decrease asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits. A statewide network of practices participated in the collaborative from 2015 to 2016. Asthma-related ED visit rates per 100 child-years for children ages 3 to 21 was evaluated using the state’s all-payer claims databases. The authors found that in the postintervention year (2017) participating practices’ ED visit rate decreased by 5.8 per 100 child-years, compared to an increase of 1.8 per 100 child-years in non-participating practices. There were no statistically significant differences in asthma-related ED visit rates during 2016, which indicated that it took some time for QI elements to be successfully implemented in pediatric practices.
Citation: Harder VS, Shaw JS, McCulloch CE . Statewide asthma learning collaborative participation and asthma-related emergency department use. Pediatrics 2020 Dec;146(6):e20200213. doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-0213..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Emergency Department, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Primary Care, Guidelines
Hu QL, Grant MC, Hornor MA
Technical evidence review for emergency major abdominal operation conducted for the AHRQ Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery.
This technical evidence review focuses on the use of enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) for emergency major abdominal surgery conducted for the AHRQ Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR). This national ERP initiative is funded by AHRQ and implemented in 2017 through a collaboration with American College of Surgeons, and Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality. Five common emergency general surgery (EGS) procedures were focused on: perforated peptic ulcer repair, colectomy, lysis of adhesions, small bowel resection, and exploratory laparotomy. The authors identified seventeen candidate components for emergency major abdominal ERP. The components span the continuum of care from preoperative setting to hospital discharge. For every component they conducted a systematic literature review to find relevant studies. Each component was examined for rationale, evidence, and summary and recommendations. Many were supported by evidence and guidelines specific to their particular operation. Key gaps in literature were highlighted, specifically lack of evidence specific to these operations across many ERP processes.
Citation: Hu QL, Grant MC, Hornor MA . Technical evidence review for emergency major abdominal operation conducted for the AHRQ Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery. J Am Coll Surg 2020 Dec;231(6):743-64.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2020.08.772..
Keywords: Evidence-Based Practice, Surgery, Patient Safety, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Griffey RT, Schneider RM, Todorov AA
The emergency department trigger tool: validation and testing to optimize yield.
Researchers validated the emergency department trigger tool (EDTT) in an independent sample and compared record selection approaches to optimize yield for quality improvement. In this single-site study of the EDTT, they observed high levels of validity in trigger selection, yield, and representativeness of adverse events, with yields that are superior to estimates for traditional approaches to adverse event detection. Record selection using weighted triggers outperformed a trigger count threshold approach and far outperformed random sampling from records with at least one trigger. They concluded that the EDTT is a promising efficient and high-yield approach for detecting all-cause harm to guide quality improvement efforts in the emergency department.
Citation: Griffey RT, Schneider RM, Todorov AA . The emergency department trigger tool: validation and testing to optimize yield. Acad Emerg Med 2020 Dec;27(12):1279-90. doi: 10.1111/acem.14101..
Keywords: Emergency Department, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Medical Errors, Adverse Events, Patient Safety, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Aysola J, Xu C, Huo H
The relationships between patient experience and quality and utilization of primary care services.
This study examined the associations between visit-triggered patient-reported experience measures and both quality of care measures and the number of missed primary care appointments. A cross-sectional analysis of 8355 primary care patients from 22 primary care practices was conducted. Outcomes measured included: smoking cessation discussion, diabetes eye examination referral, mammography, colonoscopy screening, current smoking status, diabetes control hemoglobin A1c, blood pressure control, cholesterol control LDL among patients with diabetes, and visit no shows 2 and 5 years after the index visit. The authors found that patient experience can be an important stand-alone metric of care quality, although it may not relate to clinical outcomes or process measures in the outpatient setting.
Citation: Aysola J, Xu C, Huo H . The relationships between patient experience and quality and utilization of primary care services. J Patient Exp 2020 Dec;7(6):1678-84. doi: 10.1177/2374373520924190..
Keywords: Patient Experience, Primary Care, Primary Care: Models of Care, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Short MN, Ho V
Weighing the effects of vertical integration versus market concentration on hospital quality.
Provider organizations are increasing in complexity, as hospitals acquire physician practices and physician organizations grow in size. At the same time, hospitals are merging with each other to improve bargaining power with insurers. In this study, the investigators analyzed 29 quality measures reported to the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Hospital Compare database for 2008 to 2015 to test whether vertical integration between hospitals and physicians or increases in hospital market concentration influenced patient outcomes.
Citation: Short MN, Ho V . Weighing the effects of vertical integration versus market concentration on hospital quality. Med Care Res Rev 2020 Dec;77(6):538-48. doi: 10.1177/1077558719828938.
Keywords: Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS), Quality of Care, Patient Experience, Hospitals, Medicare, Provider Performance, Health Systems
Agniel D, Haviland A, Shekelle P
Distinguishing high-performing health systems using a composite of publicly reported measures of ambulatory care.
The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a measure that ranks health care systems by ambulatory care quality. The authors concluded that their measure, using publicly reported data to produce valid, reliable, and stable ranks of ambulatory care quality for health care systems in Minnesota and California, could also be used in other applications.
Citation: Agniel D, Haviland A, Shekelle P . Distinguishing high-performing health systems using a composite of publicly reported measures of ambulatory care. Ann Intern Med 2020 Nov 17;173(10):791-98. doi: 10.7326/m20-0718..
Keywords: Health Systems, Ambulatory Care and Surgery, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality Measures, Quality of Care, Provider Performance, Healthcare Delivery
Luo B, McLoone M, Rasooly IR
Analysis: protocol for a new method to measure physiologic monitor alarm responsiveness.
A team of researchers including biomedical engineers, human factors engineers, information technology specialists, nurses, physicians, facilitators from a hospital’s simulation center, clinical informaticians, and hospital administrative leadership worked with three units at a pediatric hospital to design and conduct simulations on newly implemented monitoring technology that will be used for patient critical alarms. The system was tested using a simulation with existing hospital technology to transmit an unambiguously critical alarm that appeared to originate from an actual patient to the nurse’s mobile device, with discreet observers measuring responses.
Citation: Luo B, McLoone M, Rasooly IR . Analysis: protocol for a new method to measure physiologic monitor alarm responsiveness. Biomed Instrum Technol 2020 Nov/Dec;54(6):389-96. doi: 10.2345/0899-8205-54.6.389..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Hospitals, Simulation, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Patient Safety, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Bryan MA, Tyler A, Zhou C
Associations between quality measures and outcomes for children hospitalized with bronchiolitis.
The authors used adherence to the Pediatric Respiratory Illness Measurement System (PRIMES) indicators to evaluate the strength of associations for individual indicators with length of stay (LOS) and cost for bronchiolitis. They found that three indicators were significantly associated with shorter LOS and lower cost, while two underuse indicators were associated with higher cost. They concluded that a subset of PRIMES quality indicators for bronchiolitis were strongly associated with improved outcomes and can serve as important measures for future quality improvement efforts.
Citation: Bryan MA, Tyler A, Zhou C . Associations between quality measures and outcomes for children hospitalized with bronchiolitis. Hosp Pediatr 2020 Nov;10(11):932-40. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2020-0175..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Respiratory Conditions, Hospitals, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality Measures, Quality of Care
Hernandez AV, Roman YM, White CM
Developing criteria and associated instructions for consistent and useful quality improvement study data extraction for health systems.
This paper describes AHRQ’s efforts to collate and assess quality improvement studies to support learning health systems (LHS). The authors identified quality improvement studies and evaluated the consistency of data extraction from two experienced independent reviewers at three time points: baseline, first revision, and final revision. Six investigators looked at the data extracted by the independent reviewers and determined the extent of similarity on a scale of 0 to 10. Two LHS participants were then asked to assess the relative value of their criteria. The consistency of extraction improved from a mean 1.17 score at baseline to 6.07 at first revision, and 6.81 at the final revision. There was not a significant improvement from the first to final revision. However, the LHS participants rated the value of these ratings a 9 and a 6, demonstrating that there is value in developing criteria.
Citation: Hernandez AV, Roman YM, White CM . Developing criteria and associated instructions for consistent and useful quality improvement study data extraction for health systems. J Gen Intern Med 2020 Nov;35(Suppl 2):802-07. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06098-1..
Keywords: Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Learning Health Systems, Health Systems, Health Services Research (HSR), Research Methodologies
Hu QL, Fischer CP, Wescott AB
Evidence review for the American College of Surgeons Quality Verification part I: building quality and safety resources and infrastructure.
The goal of this review was to synthesize the evidence supporting the first 4 of 12 American College of Surgeons (ACS) Quality Verification Program core principles of building quality and safety resources and infrastructure. Findings showed that, despite heterogeneous study design and lack of randomized controlled trials, the available literature supports the importance of committed top-level hospital leadership, mid-level leadership, and committee dedicated to surgical quality and culture of safety and high reliability. In conclusion, adequate resources and infrastructure integral to the ACS Quality Verification Program are critical to achieving safe and high-quality surgical outcomes.
Citation: Hu QL, Fischer CP, Wescott AB . Evidence review for the American College of Surgeons Quality Verification part I: building quality and safety resources and infrastructure. J Am Coll Surg 2020 Nov;231(5):557-69.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2020.08.758..
Keywords: Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Patient Safety, Surgery, Evidence-Based Practice