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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Zimmerman S, Sloane PD, Ward K
Effectiveness of a mouth care program provided by nursing home staff vs standard care on reducing pneumonia incidence: a cluster randomized trial.
Pneumonia affects more than 250 000 nursing home (NH) residents annually. A strategy to reduce pneumonia is to provide daily mouth care, especially to residents with dementia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Mouth Care Without a Battle, a program that increases staff knowledge and attitudes regarding oral hygiene, changes mouth care, and improves oral hygiene, in reducing the incidence of pneumonia among NH residents.
Citation: Zimmerman S, Sloane PD, Ward K . Effectiveness of a mouth care program provided by nursing home staff vs standard care on reducing pneumonia incidence: a cluster randomized trial. JAMA Netw Open 2020 Jun;3(6):e204321. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4321..
Keywords: Pneumonia, Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Dental and Oral Health, Prevention, Patient Safety