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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Holler E, Meagher AD, Ortiz D
Preinjury functional independence is not associated with discharge location in older trauma patients.
This study’s purpose was to evaluate the association between pre-injury Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living (Katz ADL) functional status and discharge to a facility in non-neurologically injured trauma patients. Data from 207 subjects in the Trauma Medical Home study cohort was obtained. Patients were predominantly white (89.4%) and female (52.2%). The most common trauma injury was a fall (48.3%), followed by automobile crash (41.1%). There was no relationship between pre-injury independence and the likelihood of discharge home. Over half of patients (51.7%) were discharged home, 37.7% to subacute rehabilitation., 10.1% to acute rehabilitation, and 0.5% to long-term acute care. Patients who self-reported depression and anxiety who weren’t sent home was associated with age, being single, and being female.
Citation: Holler E, Meagher AD, Ortiz D . Preinjury functional independence is not associated with discharge location in older trauma patients. J Surg Res 2021 Oct;266:413-20. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2021.04.029..
Keywords: Elderly, Trauma, Hospital Discharge