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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Djulbegovic B, Hozo I, Li SA
Certainty of evidence and intervention's benefits and harms are key determinants of guidelines' recommendations.
This study’s goal was to identify the key determinants of clinical guideline development. This study used a web-based survey of 12 panels of 153 “voting” members who issued 2941 recommendations and a qualitative analysis of 13 panels of 311 attendees. When intervention’s benefits outweigh harms compared with no recommendations: the probability of issuing strong recommendations in favor of intervention was 0.22 when certainty of evidence (CoE) was very low; 0.5 when low; 0.74 when moderate, and 0.85 when high. No other factor significantly affected recommendations. Panelists spent over 50% of their time debating CoE with the chairs and co-chairs dominating discussion.
Citation: Djulbegovic B, Hozo I, Li SA . Certainty of evidence and intervention's benefits and harms are key determinants of guidelines' recommendations. J Clin Epidemiol 2021 Aug;136:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2021.02.025..
Keywords: Evidence-Based Practice, Guidelines, Research Methodologies, Decision Making
Schulz GL, Patterson Kelly K, Armer J
Uncovering family treatment decision-making processes: the value and application of case study methods to family research.
Research on how and why family processes influence phenomena is essential to advancing many areas of science. Case study methods offer an approach that overcomes some of the sampling and analysis obstacles researchers face when studying families. This article aimed to illustrate the benefits of case study methods for studying complex family processes using an example from treatment decision-making in sickle cell disease.
Citation: Schulz GL, Patterson Kelly K, Armer J . Uncovering family treatment decision-making processes: the value and application of case study methods to family research. J Fam Nurs 2021 Aug;27(3):191-98. doi: 10.1177/1074840720987223..
Keywords: Decision Making, Research Methodologies