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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Williams D, Stout MJ, Rosenbloom JI
Preeclampsia predicts risk of hospitalization for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
Preeclampsia is associated with increased risk of future heart failure (HF), but the relationship between preeclampsia and HF subtypes are not well-established. The objective of this analysis was to identify the risk of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) following a delivery complicated by preeclampsia/eclampsia. The investigators concluded that preeclampsia/eclampsia was an independent risk factor for future hospitalizations for HFpEF.
Citation: Williams D, Stout MJ, Rosenbloom JI . Preeclampsia predicts risk of hospitalization for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 Dec 7;78(23):2281-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2021.09.1360..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Hospitalization, Risk, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Women
Admon LK, Dalton VK, Kolenic GE
Comparison of delivery-related, early and late postpartum severe maternal morbidity among individuals with commercial insurance in the US, 2016 to 2017.
This study analyzed data from 2016 to 2017 on delivery-related, early, and late postpartum severe maternal morbidity (SMM) among individuals with commercial insurance by race and ethnicity and perinatal mood and anxiety disorder (PMAD) status. This cross-sectional study of deidentified claims data from the Optum Clinformatics Data Mart evaluated rates of SMM during 3 pregnancy periods among individuals aged 15 to 44 years. The study sample comprised of 100,982 individuals with a mean age of 31.6 years. SMM rates were compared for pregnancies with and without complications, with blood transfusions being the number one indicator for pregnancy and postpartum periods with SMM. Rates of SMM with and without blood transfusion varied by race and ethnicity and PMAD status. Higher rates of SMM were identified among Black individuals compared with White individuals for the pregnancy, early postpartum, and late postpartum periods, respectively. Higher rates of blood transfusion were also identified in each of the 3 periods among individuals with PMADs compared to individuals without PMADs.
Citation: Admon LK, Dalton VK, Kolenic GE . Comparison of delivery-related, early and late postpartum severe maternal morbidity among individuals with commercial insurance in the US, 2016 to 2017. JAMA Netw Open 2021 Dec;4(12):e2137716. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.37716..
Keywords: Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Maternal Care, Pregnancy, Health Insurance, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Anxiety
Zochowski MK, Kolenic GE, Zivin K
Trends in primary cesarean section rates among women with and without perinatal mood and anxiety disorders.
Reducing the rate of cesarean sections among women considered at low risk for delivery by that method is a goal of Healthy People 2030. Prior research suggests that perinatal mood and anxiety disorders increase the risk for cesarean section, but data are limited. This cross-sectional study of commercially insured women examined the relationship between perinatal depression and anxiety disorders and primary (first-time) cesarean section rates, using administrative claims data for US in-hospital deliveries from the period 2008-17.
Citation: Zochowski MK, Kolenic GE, Zivin K . Trends in primary cesarean section rates among women with and without perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. Health Aff 2021 Oct;40(10):1585-91. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2021.00780..
Keywords: Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Women, Anxiety
Schwartz GL, Leifheit KM, Berkman LF
Health selection into eviction: adverse birth outcomes and children's risk of eviction through age 5 years.
Adverse birth outcomes put children at increased risk of poor future health. They also put families under sudden socioeconomic and psychological strain, which has poorly understood consequences. In this study, the investigators tested whether infants experiencing an adverse birth outcome-low birthweight or prematurity, as well as lengthy hospital stays-were more likely to be evicted in early childhood, through age 5 years.
Citation: Schwartz GL, Leifheit KM, Berkman LF . Health selection into eviction: adverse birth outcomes and children's risk of eviction through age 5 years. Am J Epidemiol 2021 Jul;190(7):1260-69. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwab007..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Newborns/Infants, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy
Chua KP, Fendrick AM, Conti RM
Out-of-pocket spending for deliveries and newborn hospitalizations among the privately insured.
The authors estimated national data on out-of-pocket spending across the childbirth episode, including both deliveries and newborn hospitalizations, using national commercial claims data. They found that, during 2016–2019, privately insured families paid $3000 out-of-pocket for maternal and newborn hospitalizations, with out-of-pocket spending exceeding $5000 for 1 in 6 families. They recommended that clinicians counsel privately insured families concerning their childbirth benefits.
Citation: Chua KP, Fendrick AM, Conti RM . Out-of-pocket spending for deliveries and newborn hospitalizations among the privately insured. Pediatrics 2021 Jul;148(1):e2021050552. doi: 10.1542/peds.2021-050552..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Healthcare Costs
Calthorpe LM, Baer RJ, Chambers BD
The association between preterm birth and postpartum mental healthcare utilization among California birthing people.
This study’s objective was to determine whether preterm birth is associated with postpartum inpatient and emergency mental healthcare utilization. The study sample was taken from a database of live-born neonates delivered in California, 2011-2017, and included all births to singleton infants between the gestational ages of 20 and 44 weeks. The findings indicate found that preterm birth is an independent risk factor for postpartum mental healthcare utilization. These findings suggest that screening for and providing mental health resources to birthing people after delivery are crucial, particularly among people giving birth to preterm infants, regardless of mental health history.
Citation: Calthorpe LM, Baer RJ, Chambers BD . The association between preterm birth and postpartum mental healthcare utilization among California birthing people. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Jul;3(4):100380. doi: 10.1016/j.ajogmf.2021.100380..
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Pregnancy, Women, Labor and Delivery, Risk
Wilson BL, Butler RJ
Identifying optimal labor and delivery nurse staffing: the case of cesarean births and nursing hours.
Numerous studies have identified a relationship between nurse staffing and adverse patient outcomes in medical / surgical patient populations. However, little is known about the impact of labor and delivery (L&D) nurse staffing and adverse birth outcomes, such as unintended cesarean delivery, in low-risk term-gestation women. In this study the investigators examined nurse staffing patterns on the likelihood of cesarean sections (C-sections) among low- risk, full gestation births and provided a testing framework to distinguish optimal from ineffective levels of nurse staffing.
Citation: Wilson BL, Butler RJ . Identifying optimal labor and delivery nurse staffing: the case of cesarean births and nursing hours. Nurs Outlook 2021 Jan-Feb;69(1):84-95. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2020.07.003..
Keywords: Provider: Nurse, Provider, Workforce, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Quality of Care, Risk, Women