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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 8 of 8 Research Studies Displayed
Choe AY, Schondelmeyer AC, Thomson J
Improving discharge instructions for hospitalized children with limited english proficiency.
Research was conducted on an intervention for patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) who are discharged from the hospital without instructions in their preferred language. The objective was to increase the percentage of patients with LEP on the hospital medicine service who received translated discharge instructions from 12% to 80%. During the 18-month study period 540 patients with LEP were discharged. Spanish was the preferred language of 66% of these patients. The percentage of patients who received translated discharge instructions increased from 12% to 50% in 3 months, and to 77% in 18 months. For Spanish-language patients, the percentage increased to 96% by 18 months.
AHRQ-funded; HS026763; HS025138.
Citation: Choe AY, Schondelmeyer AC, Thomson J . Improving discharge instructions for hospitalized children with limited english proficiency. Hosp Pediatr 2021 Nov;11(11):1213-22. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2021-005981.
AHRQ-funded; HS026763; HS025138..
AHRQ-funded; HS026763; HS025138..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Hospital Discharge, Clinician-Patient Communication, Cultural Competence, Communication
Tremblay ES, Ruiz J, Dykeman B
Hispanic caregivers' experience of pediatric type 1 diabetes: a qualitative study.
It is widely recognized that Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) outcomes are worse among Hispanic children; however, little is published about the perspectives of these patients and their caregivers. The intent of this study was to characterize the lived experience of Hispanic caregivers of children with T1D, focusing on the role of language and culture and their perspectives on current medical care and alternative care models.
Citation: Tremblay ES, Ruiz J, Dykeman B . Hispanic caregivers' experience of pediatric type 1 diabetes: a qualitative study. Pediatr Diabetes 2021 Jul 7;22(7):1040-50. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13247..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Diabetes, Caregiving, Chronic Conditions, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Cultural Competence
Chen DW, Reyes-Gastelum D, Hawley ST
Unmet information needs among Hispanic women with thyroid cancer.
The authors sought to determine the relationship between acculturation level and unmet information needs among Hispanic women with thyroid cancer. They assessed acculturation with the Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanics. They found that low-acculturated (vs high-acculturated) Hispanic women with thyroid cancer have greater unmet information needs, emphasizing the importance of patient-focused approaches to providing medical information.
Citation: Chen DW, Reyes-Gastelum D, Hawley ST . Unmet information needs among Hispanic women with thyroid cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 Jun 16;106(7):e2680-e87. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgab128..
Keywords: Cancer, Women, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Cultural Competence
Alcántara C, Giorgio Cosenzo L, McCullough E
Cultural adaptations of psychological interventions for prevalent sleep disorders and sleep disturbances: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the United States.
This systematic review examined behavioral randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on prevalent sleep-wake disorders and sleep disturbances to determine if these studies targeted underserved populations or addressed contextual and cultural factors. The authors examined sociodemographic characteristics of behavioral RCTs that targeted underserved adults, identified types of cultural adaptations (surface-level or deep-level), and described intervention effectiveness on primary sleep outcomes. Overall out of 56 studies, 6.97% targeted underserved groups (veterans, women, racial/ethnic minorities, low socioeconomic status, disability status); and 64.9% made surface-level or deep-level cultural adaptations. Most cultural adaptions were made to behavioral therapies, and cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). Surface-level cultural adaptions made were mostly to the delivery modality and setting. Deep-level cultural adaptations to the content and core intervention components were the most typical. Intervention effectiveness varied by type of adapted intervention and the participant population. RCTs including adapted CBT-I interventions among participants showed consistent significant reductions in adverse sleep outcomes versus control.
Citation: Alcántara C, Giorgio Cosenzo L, McCullough E . Cultural adaptations of psychological interventions for prevalent sleep disorders and sleep disturbances: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the United States. Sleep Med Rev 2021 Apr;56:101455. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2021.101455..
Keywords: Sleep Problems, Cultural Competence, Behavioral Health, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations
Kirby JB, Berdahl TA, Stone RA
AHRQ Author: Kirby JB, Berdahl TA
Perceptions of patient-provider communication across the six largest Asian subgroups in the USA.
Investigators sought to estimate racial/ethnic differences in perceptions of provider communication among the six largest Asian subgroups. Using MEPS data, they found that negative views of provider communication are not pervasive among all Asians but, rather, primarily reflect the perceptions of Chinese and, possibly, Vietnamese patients. They recommended that researchers, policymakers, health plan executives, and others who produce or use data on patients' experiences with health care avoid categorizing all Asians into a single group.
Citation: Kirby JB, Berdahl TA, Stone RA . Perceptions of patient-provider communication across the six largest Asian subgroups in the USA. J Gen Intern Med 2021 Apr;36(4):888-93. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06391-z..
Keywords: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS), Clinician-Patient Communication, Communication, Patient Experience, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Cultural Competence
Gerchow L, Burka LR, Miner S
Language barriers between nurses and patients: a scoping review.
This systematic review explored how research has examined the nursing workforce with respect to language barriers and identifies gaps for further research. Four databases were used to identify 48 studies representing 16 countries. Most studies were qualitative, with the inpatient setting most commonly studied. Studies were coded for data analysis. Coding produced four themes: interpreter use/misuse, barriers to and facilitators of quality care, cultural competence, and interventions. Regardless of setting, country, or language, nurses noted like experiences and applied similar strategies.
Citation: Gerchow L, Burka LR, Miner S . Language barriers between nurses and patients: a scoping review. Patient Educ Couns 2021 Mar;104(3):534-53. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2020.09.017..
Keywords: Cultural Competence, Communication, Provider: Nurse, Provider
Rodriguez JA, Fossa A, Mishuris R
Bridging the language gap in patient portals: an evaluation of Google Translate.
Due to communication barriers, limited English-proficient (LEP) patients face challenges in the healthcare system. Given the language divide, the investigators sought to assess the use of Google Translate (GT) in the clinical setting and compare its efficacy to traditional human translation of patient messages. The investigators translated the messages to English using a professional translator and GT and created a series of clinical comprehension questions based on the message content.
Citation: Rodriguez JA, Fossa A, Mishuris R . Bridging the language gap in patient portals: an evaluation of Google Translate. J Gen Intern Med 2021 Feb;36(2):567-69. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-05719-z..
Keywords: Cultural Competence, Clinician-Patient Communication, Communication, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT)
Zachrison KS, Natsui S, Luan Erfe BM
Language preference does not influence stroke patients' symptom recognition or emergency care time metrics.
The objective of this study was to determine whether acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients' language preference was associated with differences in time from symptom discovery to hospital arrival, activation of emergency medical services, door-to-imaging time (DTI), and door-to-needle (DTN) time. The investigators concluded that consistent with prior reports examining disparities in care, a systems-based approach to acute stroke prevents differences in hospital-based metrics.
Citation: Zachrison KS, Natsui S, Luan Erfe BM . Language preference does not influence stroke patients' symptom recognition or emergency care time metrics. Am J Emerg Med 2021 Feb;40:177-80. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2020.10.064..
Keywords: Stroke, Cardiovascular Conditions, Emergency Department, Cultural Competence, Diagnostic Safety and Quality