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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Pasalic D, Barocas DA, Huang LC
Five-year outcomes from a prospective comparative effectiveness study evaluating external-beam radiotherapy with or without low-dose-rate brachytherapy boost for localized prostate cancer.
This retrospective cohort study’s objective was to determine if there were differences in treatment-related regret or survival between prostate cancer patients who received external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with or without a brachytherapy boost (EBRT-LDR), over a 5-year period. The cohort included 695 men who met inclusion criteria and received either EBRT (n=583) or EBRT-LDR (n=112). Men who received either treatment reported clinically worse urinary irritation and bowel function through 3 years but resolved after 5 years. Men who received EBRT-LDR continued to report moderate- to-big problems with urinary function bother and frequent urination at 5 years. There was no difference in treatment-related regret or survival between patients who received either treatment.
AHRQ-funded; HS019356; HS022640.
Citation: Pasalic D, Barocas DA, Huang LC . Five-year outcomes from a prospective comparative effectiveness study evaluating external-beam radiotherapy with or without low-dose-rate brachytherapy boost for localized prostate cancer. Cancer 2021 Jun 1;127(11):1912-25. doi: 10.1002/cncr.33388..
Keywords: Cancer: Prostate Cancer, Cancer, Comparative Effectiveness, Evidence-Based Practice, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Treatments
Wilt TJ, Ullman KE, Linskens EJ
Therapies for clinically localized prostate cancer: a comparative effectiveness review.
In this study, the investigators sought to identify new information evaluating clinically localized prostate cancer therapies. The investigators concluded that radical prostatectomy reduced mortality vs watchful waiting in clinically detected localized prostate cancer but caused more harms. Effectiveness may be limited to younger men and those with intermediate risk disease. Active monitoring resulted in little to no mortality difference vs radical prostatectomy or external beam radiation plus androgen deprivation.
Citation: Wilt TJ, Ullman KE, Linskens EJ . Therapies for clinically localized prostate cancer: a comparative effectiveness review. J Urol 2021 Apr;205(4):967-76. doi: 10.1097/ju.0000000000001578..
Keywords: Cancer: Prostate Cancer, Cancer, Comparative Effectiveness, Evidence-Based Practice, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Men's Health