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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Sterling MR, Silva AF, Robbins L
Let's talk numbers: a qualitative study of community-dwelling US adults to understand the role of numeracy in the management of heart failure.
This qualitative study examined the role of numeracy (basic number skills) in the management of patients with heart failure (HF). Thirty men and women aged 47-89 years with a history of HF were recruited from an urban academic primary care practice. Participants all had a history of HF within the past year, were seen at the practice within the last year, and had been hospitalized for HF within the last 6 months. They were interviewed about their numeracy to help manage monitoring weight, maintaining a low-salt diet, and monitoring blood pressure. A wide range of knowledge and understanding was found and fear served as a barrier and facilitator to carrying out HF self-care tasks involving numbers. If the patient has a caregiver who also lacks those skills or does not have HF care training, patients may not be managing their HF as well as they should.
Citation: Sterling MR, Silva AF, Robbins L . Let's talk numbers: a qualitative study of community-dwelling US adults to understand the role of numeracy in the management of heart failure. BMJ Open 2018 Sep 19;8(9):e023073. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023073..
Keywords: Patient Self-Management, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Care Management, Heart Disease and Health, Nutrition, Lifestyle Changes, Obesity: Weight Management, Obesity, Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular Conditions
Misra-Hebert AD, Hu B, Le PH
Effect of health plan financial incentive offering on employees with prediabetes.
Researchers studied the effect of employee health plan financial incentives on health outcomes for employees with prediabetes. They found that employees who participated in disease management lost more weight than those who did not. A worksite wellness program offering health plan financial incentives for participation and outcomes was associated with improvements not only in weight but also in HbA1c.
Citation: Misra-Hebert AD, Hu B, Le PH . Effect of health plan financial incentive offering on employees with prediabetes. Am J Med 2018 Mar;131(3):293-99. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2017.09.024.
Keywords: Healthcare Costs, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Patient Self-Management, Obesity: Weight Management, Diabetes, Health Status
Pellegrini CA, Conroy DE, Phillips SM
Daily and seasonal influences on dietary self-monitoring using a smartphone application.
Researchers examined within-person variation in dietary self-monitoring during a 6-month technology-supported weight loss trial as a function of time-varying factors including time in the study, day of the week, and month of the year. They found that participants recorded less as time in the study progressed. Fewer foods were reported on the weekends compared with weekdays. More foods were self-monitored in January compared with October; however, a seasonal effect was not observed.
Citation: Pellegrini CA, Conroy DE, Phillips SM . Daily and seasonal influences on dietary self-monitoring using a smartphone application. J Nutr Educ Behav 2018 Jan;50(1):56-61.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2016.12.004.
Keywords: Health Information Technology (HIT), Nutrition, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Patient Self-Management, Obesity: Weight Management