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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Yuce TK, Khorfan R, Soper NJ
Post-operative complications and readmissions associated with smoking following bariatric surgery.
The link between smoking and poor postoperative outcomes is well established. Despite this, current smokers are still offered bariatric surgery. In this study, the investigators describe the risk of postoperative 30-day complications and readmission following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-En-Y gastric bypass in smokers. The investigators concluded that smokers undergoing bariatric surgery experienced significantly worse 30-day outcomes when compared with non-smokers.
Citation: Yuce TK, Khorfan R, Soper NJ . Post-operative complications and readmissions associated with smoking following bariatric surgery. J Gastrointest Surg 2020 Mar;24(3):525-30. doi: 10.1007/s11605-019-04488-3..
Keywords: Surgery, Tobacco Use, Adverse Events, Hospital Readmissions, Obesity: Weight Management, Obesity, Risk, Outcomes
Kanters AE, Shubeck SP, Varban OA
Incidence and efficacy of stent placement in leak management after bariatric surgery: an MBSAQIP analysis.
The goal of this study was to evaluate the rates of use and efficacy of stent placement for postoperative leak following bariatric surgery. Using data from the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program, findings showed that the use of stents can be effective; however, such use does not prevent reoperation and is associated with an increased likelihood of readmission. Recommendations included consideration of both technique and resource utilization when choosing a management pathway for leaks.
AHRQ-funded; HS000053; HS023597.
Citation: Kanters AE, Shubeck SP, Varban OA . Incidence and efficacy of stent placement in leak management after bariatric surgery: an MBSAQIP analysis. Ann Surg 2020 Jan;271(1):134-39. doi: 10.1097/sla.0000000000003023..
Keywords: Surgery, Obesity: Weight Management, Obesity, Adverse Events, Patient Safety, Outcomes
Sheetz KH, Woodside KJ, Shahinian VB
Trends in bariatric surgery procedures among patients with ESKD in the United States.
This study examined trends in bariatric surgery among patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the United States. There was an almost ninefold increase in surgery between 2006 and 2016 for ESKD patients and also for sleeve gastrectomy surgery. ESKD patients showed similar complication rates compared with non-ESKD patients, but there were more readmissions.
AHRQ-funded; HS023597; HS000053.
Citation: Sheetz KH, Woodside KJ, Shahinian VB . Trends in bariatric surgery procedures among patients with ESKD in the United States. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2019 Aug 7;14(8):1193-99. doi: 10.2215/cjn.01480219..
Keywords: Obesity, Surgery, Kidney Disease and Health, Obesity: Weight Management, Hospital Readmissions, Adverse Events, Outcomes