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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
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Padula WV, Pronovost PJ, Makic MBF
Value of hospital resources for effective pressure injury prevention: a cost-effectiveness analysis.
The objective of this study was to analyze the cost-utility of repeated risk-assessments for pressure-injury prevention in all hospital patients or in high-risk groups. Hospitalized adults were classified by Braden Scale scores into five risk levels: very high risk, high risk, moderate risk, at-risk, and minimal risk. The costs of pressure-injury treatment and prevention, and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) related to pressure injuries were weighted by transition probabilities to calculate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio. The results of the study indicate that simulating prevention for all patients yielded greater QALYs at higher cost from societal and healthcare sector perspectives. Prevention for all patients was cost-effective in more than 99% of probabilistic simulations. The authors conclude that hospitals should invest in nursing compliance with international prevention guidelines.
Citation: Padula WV, Pronovost PJ, Makic MBF . Value of hospital resources for effective pressure injury prevention: a cost-effectiveness analysis. BMJ Qual Saf 2019 Feb;28(2):132-41. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2017-007505..
Keywords: Healthcare Costs, Hospitals, Pressure Ulcers, Prevention