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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Figueiredo R, Dempster L, Quinonez C
Emergency department use for dental problems among homeless individuals: a population-based cohort study.
The researchers evaluated emergency department (ED) visits for dental problems among Toronto's homeless population (Ontario, Canada). They found that over 80% of the ED visits by homeless people were for odontogenic infections, and 46% of homeless people had more than one such visit. They concluded that access to dental care is inadequate and that ED settings are ineffective for treatment of dental problems.
Citation: Figueiredo R, Dempster L, Quinonez C . Emergency department use for dental problems among homeless individuals: a population-based cohort study. J Health Care Poor Underserved 2016;27(2):860-8. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2016.0081.
Keywords: Access to Care, Dental and Oral Health, Emergency Department, Value, Vulnerable Populations
Holzer J, Canavan M, Bradley E
County-level correlation between adult obesity rates and prevalence of dentists.
The researchers conducted a study to examine the association between the prevalence of dentists and the rates of adult obesity. They found that having one additional dentist per 10,000 population was associated significantly with a 1-percentage point reduction in the rate of obesity. This effect was significantly larger in counties in which 25 percent of children or more (versus less than 25 percent of children) lived in poverty and in counties that had more primary care physicians per 10,000 population.
Citation: Holzer J, Canavan M, Bradley E . County-level correlation between adult obesity rates and prevalence of dentists. J Am Dent Assoc 2014 Sep;145(9):932-9. doi: 10.14219/jada.2014.48.
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Obesity, Risk, Social Determinants of Health, Value