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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
AHRQ Author: Huppert J
Adolescents with vulvar ulcers: COVID-19 disease, COVID-19 vaccines, and the value of case reports.
The author indicates that there are too few cases reporting aphthosis after COVID disease or COVID-19 vaccination to infer a statistical association, but that case reports are a valuable source of rich details about conditions that are difficult to study with more rigorous designs and can be synthesized to help guide medical care. She recommends that it is time for a high-quality systematic review of vulvar aphthosis in order for clinicians to incorporate the existing evidence into decision-making and best care for patients.
Citation: Huppert J . Adolescents with vulvar ulcers: COVID-19 disease, COVID-19 vaccines, and the value of case reports. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2022 Apr;35(2):109-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2022.01.006..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, COVID-19, Vaccination, Research Methodologies
Erves JC, Mayo-Gamble TL, Hull PC
Adolescent participation in HPV vaccine clinical trials: are parents willing?
This study examined factors influencing parental willingness to consent to their adolescents' participation in HPV vaccine clinical trials and tested for possible racial differences. The authors assert that educating parents about the advantages of HPV vaccines for younger adolescents using low-literacy educational materials and building trust between parents and researchers may increase parental willingness to consent to adolescent participation in HPV vaccine clinical trials.
Citation: Erves JC, Mayo-Gamble TL, Hull PC . Adolescent participation in HPV vaccine clinical trials: are parents willing? J Community Health 2017 Oct;42(5):894-901. doi: 10.1007/s10900-017-0331-x..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Research Methodologies, Vaccination
Adamson B, Dimitrov D, Devine B
The potential cost-effectiveness of HIV vaccines: a systematic review.
The aim of this paper was to review and compare HIV vaccine uncertainty in model, methodology, and parameterization. Model assumptions about vaccine price, HIV treatment costs, epidemic context, and willingness to pay influenced results more consistently than assumptions on HIV transmission dynamics.
Citation: Adamson B, Dimitrov D, Devine B . The potential cost-effectiveness of HIV vaccines: a systematic review. Pharmacoeconom Open 2017 Mar;1(1):1-12. doi: 10.1007/s41669-016-0009-9.
Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Healthcare Costs, Vaccination, Value, Research Methodologies