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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Desai S, Aronson PL, Shabanova V
Parenteral antibiotic therapy duration in young infants with bacteremic urinary tract infections.
This study compared rates of recurring bacteremic urinary tract infections (UTIs) among hospitalized infants who received parenteral antibiotics 7 days or less compared with infants who received long-term treatment defined as greater than 7 days. Among 115 infants with bactermic UTI, half received short-course parenteral antibiotics and no difference in 30-day UTI recurrence was found.
Citation: Desai S, Aronson PL, Shabanova V . Parenteral antibiotic therapy duration in young infants with bacteremic urinary tract infections. Pediatrics 2019 Sep;144(3). doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-3844..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Antibiotics, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Medication, Inpatient Care, Hospitalization, Outcomes, Comparative Effectiveness, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice
Anesi JA, Lautenbach E, Nachamkin I
Poor clinical outcomes associated with community-onset urinary tract infections due to extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.
In this retrospective cohort study, the investigators sought to determine the clinical outcomes associated with community-onset ESC-resistant (ESC-R) EB urinary tract infections (UTIs) in a US health system. The authors found that community-onset UTI due to an ESC-R EB organism was significantly associated with clinical failure, which may be due in part to inappropriate initial antibiotic therapy. They indicate that further studies are needed to determine which patients in the community are at high risk for drug-resistant infection to help inform prompt diagnosis and appropriate antibiotic prescribing for ESC-R EB.
Citation: Anesi JA, Lautenbach E, Nachamkin I . Poor clinical outcomes associated with community-onset urinary tract infections due to extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec;39(12):1431-35. doi: 10.1017/ice.2018.254..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Community-Acquired Infections, Medication, Outcomes, Patient Safety, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)