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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Desai S, Aronson PL, Shabanova V
Parenteral antibiotic therapy duration in young infants with bacteremic urinary tract infections.
This study compared rates of recurring bacteremic urinary tract infections (UTIs) among hospitalized infants who received parenteral antibiotics 7 days or less compared with infants who received long-term treatment defined as greater than 7 days. Among 115 infants with bactermic UTI, half received short-course parenteral antibiotics and no difference in 30-day UTI recurrence was found.
Citation: Desai S, Aronson PL, Shabanova V . Parenteral antibiotic therapy duration in young infants with bacteremic urinary tract infections. Pediatrics 2019 Sep;144(3). doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-3844..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Antibiotics, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Medication, Inpatient Care, Hospitalization, Outcomes, Comparative Effectiveness, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice
Elman MR, Williams CD, Bearden DT
Healthcare-associated urinary tract infections with onset post hospital discharge.
The objective of this study was to measure the incidence of potentially healthcare-associated (HA), community-onset (CO) urinary tract infection (UTI) in a retrospective cohort of hospitalized patients. Among 3,273 patients at risk for potentially HA-CO UTI, results found that the incidence of HA-CO UTI in the 30 days post discharge was 29.8 per 1,000 patients; independent risk factors included paraplegia, quadriplegia, indwelling catheter during index hospitalization, prior piperacillin-tazobactam prescription, prior penicillin class prescription, and private insurance. The authors conclude that HA-CO UTI may be common within 30 days following hospital discharge, and that their data suggests that surveillance efforts may need to be expanded to capture the full burden to patients and to better inform antibiotic prescribing decisions for patients with a history of hospitalization.
Citation: Elman MR, Williams CD, Bearden DT . Healthcare-associated urinary tract infections with onset post hospital discharge. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Aug;40(8):863-71. doi: 10.1017/ice.2019.148..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI), Community-Acquired Infections, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Hospital Discharge, Hospitalization, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)