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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Weerahandi H, Bao H, Herrin J
Home health care after skilled nursing facility discharge following heart failure hospitalization.
Heart failure (HF) readmission rates have plateaued despite scrutiny of hospital discharge practices. Many HF patients are discharged to skilled nursing facility (SNF) after hospitalization before returning home. Home healthcare (HHC) services received during the additional transition from SNF to home may affect readmission risk. In this study, the investigators examined whether receipt of HHC affects readmission risk during the transition from SNF to home following HF hospitalization.
Citation: Weerahandi H, Bao H, Herrin J . Home health care after skilled nursing facility discharge following heart failure hospitalization. J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 Jan;68(1):96-102. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16179..
Keywords: Home Healthcare, Nursing Homes, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Hospitalization, Hospital Readmissions, Transitions of Care, Rehabilitation, Value
Goldstone AB, Chiu P, Baiocchi M
Interfacility transfer of Medicare beneficiaries with acute type a aortic dissection and regionalization of care in the United States.
Researchers investigated the hypothesis that regionalizing care at high-volume hospitals for acute type A aortic dissections will lower mortality. Operative mortality and long-term survival were compared for Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with an acute type A aortic dissection who were transferred versus not transferred, underwent surgery at high-volume versus low-volume hospitals, and were rerouted versus not rerouted to a high-volume hospital for treatment. The researchers found that, despite delaying surgery, a regionalization policy that transfers patients to high-volume hospitals was associated with a 7.2% absolute risk reduction in operative mortality. They recommended that policymakers evaluate the feasibility and benefits of regionalizing the surgical treatment of acute type A aortic dissection in the United States.
Citation: Goldstone AB, Chiu P, Baiocchi M . Interfacility transfer of Medicare beneficiaries with acute type a aortic dissection and regionalization of care in the United States. Circulation 2019 Oct 8;140(15):1239-50. doi: 10.1161/circulationaha.118.038867..
Keywords: Transitions of Care, Medicare, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Risk, Evidence-Based Practice, Mortality, Hospitals
Jones CD, Bowles KH, Richard A
High-value home health care for patients with heart failure: an opportunity to optimize transitions from hospital to home.
Providing home health nursing and therapy could promote recovery in vulnerable HF patients with post-hospital syndrome and potentially reduce readmissions. The authors argue that understanding the characteristics of effective post-acute HHC for patients with HF will inform best practices, optimal outcomes for cost, and ultimately high-value care.
Citation: Jones CD, Bowles KH, Richard A . High-value home health care for patients with heart failure: an opportunity to optimize transitions from hospital to home. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2017 May;10(5). doi: 10.1161/circoutcomes.117.003676.
Keywords: Home Healthcare, Heart Disease and Health, Transitions of Care, Care Coordination, Medicare
Dharmarajan K, Chaudhry SI
New approaches to reduce readmissions in patients with heart failure.
The authors discuss a study by Ong and colleagues that presents the results of Better Effectiveness After Transition–Heart Failure (BEATHF), a randomized clinical trial of a combined telemonitoring and care transitions intervention to prevent readmission in patients with heart failure. The BEAT-HF intervention did not lower readmissions after hospitalization for heart failure.
Citation: Dharmarajan K, Chaudhry SI . New approaches to reduce readmissions in patients with heart failure. JAMA Intern Med 2016 Mar;176(3):318-20. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.7993.
Keywords: Heart Disease and Health, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Quality of Life, Transitions of Care
Black JT, Romano PS, Sadeghi B
A remote monitoring and telephone nurse coaching intervention to reduce readmissions among patients with heart failure: study protocol for the Better
The objective of this randomized controlled comparative effectiveness study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a care transition intervention that included pre-discharge education about heart failure and post-discharge telephone nurse coaching combined with home telemonitoring of weight, blood pressure, heart rate, and symptoms in reducing all-cause 180-day hospital readmissions for older adults hospitalized with heart failure.
Citation: Black JT, Romano PS, Sadeghi B . A remote monitoring and telephone nurse coaching intervention to reduce readmissions among patients with heart failure: study protocol for the Better Trials 2014 Apr 13;15:124. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-124..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Comparative Effectiveness, Health Information Technology (HIT), Heart Disease and Health, Hospital Readmissions, Telehealth, Transitions of Care