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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Hu YY, Ellis RJ, Hewitt DB
Discrimination, Abuse, Harassment, and Burnout in Surgical Residency Training.
A cross-sectional national survey of general surgery residents, administered with the 2018 American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination, assessed mistreatment, burnout, and suicidal thoughts during the past year. The authors assessed the association of mistreatment with burnout and suicidal thoughts; they found that mistreatment occurs frequently among general surgery residents, especially women, and is associated with burnout and suicidal thoughts.
Citation: Hu YY, Ellis RJ, Hewitt DB . Discrimination, Abuse, Harassment, and Burnout in Surgical Residency Training. N Engl J Med 2019 Oct 31;381(18):1741-52. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsa1903759..
Keywords: Education: Continuing Medical Education, Burnout, Stress, Surgery, Provider: Physician, Provider, Training
Cook JM, Newman E, Simiola V
Trauma training: competencies, initiatives, and resources.
Traumatic stress is currently not a required component of the standard curricula in graduate-level education in clinical and counseling psychology. However, due to the high prevalence of trauma and its potentially deleterious physical and mental health effects in the general and clinical populations, it is imperative that psychology graduate students and practitioners understand the relevance of trauma in their clients' lives and its impact in clinical research. This paper discusses competencies, initiatives and resources related to trauma training.
Citation: Cook JM, Newman E, Simiola V . Trauma training: competencies, initiatives, and resources. Psychotherapy 2019 Sep;56(3):409-21. doi: 10.1037/pst0000233..
Keywords: Education: Continuing Medical Education, Behavioral Health, Provider, Stress, Training, Trauma
Anton NE, Mizota T, Whiteside JA
Mental skills training limits the decay in operative technical skill under stressful conditions: results of a multisite, randomized controlled study.
The authors hypothesize that surgery residents trained on mental skills would outperform controls under increased stress conditions in the simulated operating room. They find that their comprehensive mental skills curriculum implemented with surgery residents at two institutions was effective at minimizing the deterioration of resident technical performance under stressful conditions compared with controls. They conclude that their results provide further evidence for the effectiveness of mental skills training to optimize surgery trainees' technical performance during challenging clinical situations.
AHRQ-funded; R18 HS022080.
Citation: Anton NE, Mizota T, Whiteside JA . Mental skills training limits the decay in operative technical skill under stressful conditions: results of a multisite, randomized controlled study. Surgery 2019 Jun;165(6):1059-64. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2019.01.011..
Keywords: Surgery, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Stress, Provider Performance, Training, Provider: Physician, Provider
Stefanidis D, Anton NE, Howley LD
Effectiveness of a comprehensive mental skills curriculum in enhancing surgical performance: results of a randomized controlled trial.
The researchers hypothesized that the implementation of a novel mental skills curriculum (MSC) during laparoscopic simulator training would improve mental skills and performance, and decrease stress. They found that, compared to controls, the intervention group significantly improved their mental skill use, demonstrated higher laparoscopic skill improvement during retention, and reported less stress during the transfer test.
Citation: Stefanidis D, Anton NE, Howley LD . Effectiveness of a comprehensive mental skills curriculum in enhancing surgical performance: results of a randomized controlled trial. Am J Surg 2017 Feb;213(2):318-24. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2016.10.016.
Keywords: Surgery, Training, Stress, Patient Safety