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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Ho V, Ross JS, Steiner CA
AHRQ Author: Steiner CA
A nationwide assessment of the association of smoking bans and cigarette taxes with hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia.
No national study using complete hospitalization counts by area that accounts for contemporaneous controls including state cigarette taxes has been conducted. This study in 28 states found that smoking bans lowered pneumonia hospitalization rates for persons ages 60 to 74 years and higher cigarette taxes were associated with lower heart failure hospitalizations for all ages and fewer pneumonia hospitalizations for adults aged 60 to 74.
Citation: Ho V, Ross JS, Steiner CA . A nationwide assessment of the association of smoking bans and cigarette taxes with hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia. Med Care Res Rev 2017 Dec;74(6):687-704. doi: 10.1177/1077558716668646.
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Heart Disease and Health, Hospitalization, Pneumonia, Tobacco Use