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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Hornor MA, Liu JY, Hu QL
Surgical technical evidence review for acute appendectomy conducted for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery.
This evidence review uses enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) protocols developed for the AHRQ-funded Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR Program) to develop ERPs for acute appendectomy surgery. The authors classified appendicitis into uncomplicated (nonperforated) and complicated (perforated or gangrenous) to help with risk stratification. They identified 13 components for appendectomy for review. The processes are organized by perioperative phase, and each phase includes the rationale, evidence review, summary of guidelines, and a recommendation summary of the evidence for or against inclusion in the ERP. Preoperative management components included: education and counseling; preoperative antibiotics; initial nonsurgical management for perforated appendicitis with abscess or phlegmon, venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, delay for operation for 12-24 hours for uncomplicated appendicitis. Intraoperative management components include: laparoscopic surgical technique, peritoneal drain placement, urinary catheter placement, and prophylactic nasogastric tube insertion. Postoperative management components include same-day surgery discharge for uncomplicated appendicitis, antibiotics, early oral alimentation, and early mobilization. Of the ERPs reviewed: there was no evidence to support the routine use of abdominal drainage in patients undergoing appendectomies, urinary catheter insertion for laparoscopic surgery, use of prophylactic nasogastric tube placement, postoperative antibiotic use for uncomplicated appendicitis, and early oral alimentation for uncomplicated appendicitis.
Citation: Hornor MA, Liu JY, Hu QL . Surgical technical evidence review for acute appendectomy conducted for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery. J Am Coll Surg 2018 Dec;227(6):605-17.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2018.09.024..
Keywords: Surgery, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Patient Safety, Evidence-Based Practice, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Technology Assessments, Outcomes