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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Hsu YJ, Kosinski AS, Wallace AS
Using a society database to evaluate a patient safety collaborative: the Cardiovascular Surgical Translational Study.
The authors assessed the utility of using external databases for quality improvement (QI) evaluations in the context of an innovative QI collaborative aimed to reduce three infections and improve patient safety across the cardiac surgery service line. They compared changes in each outcome between 15 intervention hospitals and 52 propensity score-matched hospitals, and found that improvement trends in several outcomes among the studied intervention hospitals were not statistically different from those in comparison hospitals. They conclude that using external databases may permit comparative effectiveness assessment by providing concurrent comparison groups, additional outcome measures, and longer follow-up.
Citation: Hsu YJ, Kosinski AS, Wallace AS . Using a society database to evaluate a patient safety collaborative: the Cardiovascular Surgical Translational Study. J Comp Eff Res 2019 Jan;8(1):21-32. doi: 10.2217/cer-2018-0051..
Keywords: Patient Safety, Quality Improvement, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality of Care, Surgery, Cardiovascular Conditions, Comparative Effectiveness, Data, Hospitals, Research Methodologies, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Ghaferi AA, Dimick JB
Practical guide to surgical data sets: Medicare claims data.
In this article, the authors discuss pros and cons of Medicare data and explore commonly studied categories using this data (health policy evaluation, comparative effectiveness research, and outcome variations). They conclude that it is important to frame questions carefully and to use appropriate methods to ensure scientific rigor.
AHRQ-funded; HS023621; HS024403.
Citation: Ghaferi AA, Dimick JB . Practical guide to surgical data sets: Medicare claims data. JAMA Surg 2018 Jul;153(7):677-78. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0489..
Keywords: Medicare, Data, Surgery, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Research Methodologies