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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 191 Research Studies Displayed
Taylor K, Diaz A, Nuliyalu U
Association of dual Medicare and Medicaid eligibility with outcomes and spending for cancer surgery in high-quality hospitals.
The purpose of this study was to assess whether treatment at high-quality hospitals mitigates dual-eligibility-associated disparities in outcomes and spending for cancer surgery. Medicare beneficiaries 65 years or older who underwent colectomy, rectal resection, lung resection, or pancreatectomy were evaluated. The findings indicate that, even among the highest-quality hospitals, dual-eligibility patients had poorer outcomes and higher spending. Dually eligible patients were more likely to be discharged to a facility and thus incurred higher post-acute care costs. Although treatment at high-quality hospitals is associated with reduced differences in outcomes, dual-eligibility patients remain at high risk for adverse post-operative outcomes as well as increased readmissions and post-acute care use.
Citation: Taylor K, Diaz A, Nuliyalu U . Association of dual Medicare and Medicaid eligibility with outcomes and spending for cancer surgery in high-quality hospitals. JAMA Surg 2022 Apr;157(4):e217586. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2021.7586..
Keywords: Cancer, Surgery, Medicare, Medicaid, Outcomes, Hospitals
Kanters AE, Evilsizer SK, Regenbogen SE
Correlation of colorectal surgical skill with patient outcomes: a cautionary tale.
Some have proposed that video-based skill assessments be used as a way to measure technical skills, quality improvement, and credentialing in colorectal surgeons and other practitioners. However, it must first be determined whether video-based assessments can accurately predict patient outcomes. The researchers assembled a panel of 10 peer surgeons to evaluate videos of minimally invasive colectomy procedures submitted by 21 surgeons. Each surgeon submitted one video, and the videos were edited to highlight key steps in the procedure. The panel and the surgeon participants were all associated with the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative. The panel used a validated American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons assessment instrument to rate the surgeon’s skills. The surgeon’s ratings were then linked to a validated registry of surgical outcomes, and the researchers assessed the relationship between skill level and risk-adjusted complication rates. The researchers found that after risk-adjustment there was no statistically significant difference in complication rates between the bottom (17.5%) and top (16.8%) quartile surgeons (p=0.41). The study concluded that there was no correlation between video-based peer rating of minimally invasive colectomy and postoperative complications among specialty surgeons, and that caution should be used when utilizing video review in credentialing.
Citation: Kanters AE, Evilsizer SK, Regenbogen SE . Correlation of colorectal surgical skill with patient outcomes: a cautionary tale. Dis Colon Rectum 2022 Mar;65(3):444-51. doi: 10.1097/dcr.0000000000002124..
Keywords: Surgery, Provider: Physician, Provider Performance, Digestive Disease and Health, Outcomes
Shao CC, McLeod MC, Gleason L
Effect of COVID-19 pandemic restructuring on surgical volume and outcomes of non-COVID patients undergoing surgery.
The authors sought to assess changes in surgical case mix and outcomes due to restructuring during the pandemic. Institutional ACS-NSQIP data was used to identify patients undergoing surgery at a single tertiary care institution in the Deep South. They found that surgeries during the COVID-19 pandemic were more often outpatient without differences in post-operative outcomes. They recommended additional analysis to determine the impact of duration of operative delay on surgical outcomes with restructuring focusing more on outpatient surgeries.
Citation: Shao CC, McLeod MC, Gleason L . Effect of COVID-19 pandemic restructuring on surgical volume and outcomes of non-COVID patients undergoing surgery. Am Surg 2022 Mar;88(3):489-97. doi: 10.1177/00031348211054528..
Keywords: COVID-19, Surgery, Public Health, Outcomes
Chhabra KR, Ghaferi AA, Yang J
Relationship between health care spending and clinical outcomes in bariatric surgery: implications for Medicare bundled payments.
This study’s objective was to evaluate sources of 90-day episode spending variation in Medicare patients undergoing bariatric surgery and whether spending variation was related to quality of care. A retrospective analysis of fee-for-service Medicare claims data from 761 acute care hospitals providing inpatient bariatric surgery was conducted between January 1, 2011 and September 30, 2016. Of 64,537 bariatric patients, 46% went sleeve gastrectomy, 22% revisited the emergency department (ED) within 90 days, and 12.5% were readmitted. Average 90-day payments were $14,124, ranging from $12,220 to $16,887. The largest components of spending variation were readmissions (44% of variation), post-acute care (19%), and index professional fees (15%). The lowest spending hospitals had the lowest complication, ED visit, post-acute utilization, and readmission rates.
AHRQ-funded; HS024403; HS023597.
Citation: Chhabra KR, Ghaferi AA, Yang J . Relationship between health care spending and clinical outcomes in bariatric surgery: implications for Medicare bundled payments. Ann Surg 2022 Feb;275(2):356-62. doi: 10.1097/sla.0000000000003979..
Keywords: Healthcare Costs, Surgery, Obesity, Outcomes
Kittelson AJ, Loyd BJ, Graber J
Examination of exclusion criteria in total knee arthroplasty rehabilitation trials: influence on the application of evidence in day-to-day practice.
This study investigated whether total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients seen in routine practice who meet common exclusion criteria in clinical trials recover differently compared to research-eligible patients. Postoperative functional outcomes were compared using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Timed Up and Go (TUG). A total of 2,528 participants from 27 trials were compared to 474 patients from the clinical dataset. Research participants were older, with lower BMI than patients in the clinical dataset. There were no differences observed in functional recovery rate between groups, except for patients with diabetes whose TUG recovered more slowly than “eligible” patients.
Citation: Kittelson AJ, Loyd BJ, Graber J . Examination of exclusion criteria in total knee arthroplasty rehabilitation trials: influence on the application of evidence in day-to-day practice. J Eval Clin Pract 2021 Dec;27(6):1335-42. doi: 10.1111/jep.13564..
Keywords: Orthopedics, Surgery, Rehabilitation, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice, Outcomes
Zachrison KS, Schwamm LH, Xu H
Frequency, characteristics, and outcomes of endovascular thrombectomy in patients with stroke beyond 6 hours of onset in US clinical practice.
In 2018, 2 randomized controlled trials showed the benefit of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in acute ischemic stroke patients treated 6 to 24 hours from last known well using imaging-guided selection. However, little is known about outcomes in contemporary nontrial settings. In this study, the investigators assessed the frequency of EVT and outcomes beyond 6 hours in the US Get With The Guidelines-Stroke clinical registry.
Citation: Zachrison KS, Schwamm LH, Xu H . Frequency, characteristics, and outcomes of endovascular thrombectomy in patients with stroke beyond 6 hours of onset in US clinical practice. Stroke 2021 Dec;52(12):3805-14. doi: 10.1161/strokeaha.121.034069..
Keywords: Stroke, Cardiovascular Conditions, Surgery, Outcomes
Thelen AE, Kendrick DE, Chen X
Novel method to link surgical trainee performance data to patient outcomes.
A significant roadblock in surgical education research has been the inability to compare trainee performance to the outcomes of those surgeons after they enter independent practice. In this study, the investigators described the feasibility of an innovative method to link trainee performance data with patient outcomes. They indicated that this innovation could enable future research investigating the relationship between surgical trainee performance and patient outcomes in independent practice.
Citation: Thelen AE, Kendrick DE, Chen X . Novel method to link surgical trainee performance data to patient outcomes. Am J Surg 2021 Dec;222(6):1072-78. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2021.10.018..
Keywords: Surgery, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Provider Performance, Provider: Physician, Outcomes
Delaney LD, Howard R, Palazzolo K
Outcomes of a presurgical optimization program for elective hernia repairs among high-risk patients.
The authors evaluated the feasibility of evidence-based patient optimization before surgery by implementing a low-cost preoperative optimization clinic. They found that a hernia optimization clinic safely improved management of high-risk patients and increased operative yield for the institution. They concluded that their results represented an opportunity to create sustainable and scalable models that provide longitudinal care and optimize patients to improve outcomes of hernia repair.
Citation: Delaney LD, Howard R, Palazzolo K . Outcomes of a presurgical optimization program for elective hernia repairs among high-risk patients. JAMA Netw Open 2021 Nov;4(11):e2130016. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.30016..
Keywords: Surgery, Risk, Evidence-Based Practice, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Outcomes
Czosek RJ, Anderson JB, Baskar S
Predictors and outcomes of heart block during surgical stage I palliation of patients with a single ventricle: a report from the NPC-QIC.
This study investigated patient and surgical risks of heart block and its effect on 12-month transplant-free survival in children with a single ventricle. In total, 1423 patients were identified from the National Pediatric Cardiology Improvement Collaborative with and without heart block. One-year outcomes were analyzed. A very small percentage (2%) developed heart block during their surgical admission. Associated risk factors for block included heterotaxy syndrome and atrial flutter/fibrillation. Patients with complete heart block had lower 12-month survival, which wasn’t true for patients with second degree block. At 12 months of age, 43% of patients with heart block died and were more likely to experience mortality than patients without heart block.
Citation: Czosek RJ, Anderson JB, Baskar S . Predictors and outcomes of heart block during surgical stage I palliation of patients with a single ventricle: a report from the NPC-QIC. Heart Rhythm 2021 Nov;18(11):1876-83. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2021.05.019..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Surgery, Palliative Care, Risk, Outcomes
Cardell CF, Knapp L, Cohen ME
Successful implementation of enhanced recovery in elective colorectal surgery is variable and dependent on the local environment.
This study looked at the results of a national colorectal enhanced recovery program (ERP) to improve patient outcomes. A total of 207 hospitals participated between 2017 and 2020. Quantitative (patient-level process and outcome) and qualitative (survey and structured interviews with hospital teams) data were collected and analyzed. Results shows that 62 hospitals were characterized as High Performance, and 52 as High Improvement. High Performance hospitals were larger with more annual colorectal surgeries. Fewer barriers to staff-buy-in and competing priorities, and more experience with standardized perioperative care were also characteristics of High Performance hospitals. High Improvement hospitals had lower baseline process measure (PM) adherence and less experience with perioperative care but had positive trends in annual patient outcomes such as annual morbidity, readmission, and prolonged length of stay compared to Low Improvement Hospitals.
Citation: Cardell CF, Knapp L, Cohen ME . Successful implementation of enhanced recovery in elective colorectal surgery is variable and dependent on the local environment. Ann Surg 2021 Oct 1;274(4):605-12. doi: 10.1097/sla.0000000000005069..
Keywords: Surgery, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Provider Performance
Mathis MR, Yule S, Wu X
The impact of team familiarity on intra and postoperative cardiac surgical outcomes.
The authors hypothesized that familiarity among cardiac surgery team members may be an important contributor to better outcomes and thus serve as a target for enhancing outcomes. They found that high team familiarity was associated with reduced cardiopulmonary bypass duration for medium-risk and high-risk patients. Increasing team familiarity was not significantly associated with the odds of major morbidity and mortality. They concluded that team familiarity, which was predictive of improved intraoperative efficiency without compromising major postoperative outcomes, may serve as a novel quality improvement target in the setting of cardiac surgery.
Citation: Mathis MR, Yule S, Wu X . The impact of team familiarity on intra and postoperative cardiac surgical outcomes. Surgery 2021 Oct;170(4):1031-38. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2021.05.020..
Keywords: Teams, Surgery, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Outcomes
Howard R, Johnson E, Berlin NL
Hospital and surgeon variation in 30-day complication rates after ventral hernia repair.
Researchers analyzed variability in 30-day complication rates and identified specific complications that contributed to this variability after ventral hernia repair. They found that, after adjusting for a number of patient-specific clinical variables, there was significant variation in 30-day complication rates after ventral hernia repair, representing a significant opportunity to improve patient outcomes.
Citation: Howard R, Johnson E, Berlin NL . Hospital and surgeon variation in 30-day complication rates after ventral hernia repair. Am J Surg 2021 Aug;222(2):417-23. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.12.021..
Keywords: Surgery, Adverse Events, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Delaney LD, Kattapuram M, Haidar JA
The impact of surgeon adherence to preoperative optimization of hernia repairs.
This study looked at the ways that surgeon-level adherence to preoperative optimization impacts postoperative outcomes. A cohort of patients receiving hernia repair surgery were studied using data from the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative from 2014 to 2018. Adherence to preoperative optimization was defined as operating on patients who were nontobacco users with a body mass index of >18.5 kg/m2 and <40 kg/m2. Risk- and reliability-adjusted adherence rates were used to divide surgeons into tertiles. Across 70 Michigan hospitals, 15,016 patients underwent ventral and incisional hernia repair, cared for by 454 surgeons. Preoperative optimization rates ranged from 51% to 76%. Surgeons in the lowest tertile had higher rates of emergency department visits and serious complications versus any complication than middle and high optimization tertiles.
Citation: Delaney LD, Kattapuram M, Haidar JA . The impact of surgeon adherence to preoperative optimization of hernia repairs. J Surg Res 2021 Aug;264:8-15. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2021.01.044..
Keywords: Surgery, Provider: Physician, Provider, Outcomes
Kutney-Lee A, Brooks Carthon M, Sloane DM
Electronic health record usability: associations with nurse and patient outcomes in hospitals.
Researchers examined associations between electronic health record (EHR) usability and nurse job and surgical patient outcomes. Data from the American Hospital Association, state patient discharges, and nurse surveys were linked in a cross-sectional analysis. The researchers found that employing EHR systems with suboptimal usability was associated with higher odds of adverse nurse job outcomes and surgical patient mortality and readmission.
Citation: Kutney-Lee A, Brooks Carthon M, Sloane DM . Electronic health record usability: associations with nurse and patient outcomes in hospitals. Med Care 2021 Jul;59(7):625-31. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000001536..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Surgery, Outcomes, Nursing, Provider: Nurse
Greenberg CC, Byrnes ME, Engler TA
Association of a statewide surgical coaching program with clinical outcomes and surgeon perceptions.
Investigators assessed risk-adjusted outcomes and participant perceptions following a statewide coaching program for bariatric surgeons. They found that this surgical coaching program was perceived as valuable and surgeons reported numerous practice changes. Additionally, operative times improved, but there was no significant improvement in risk-adjusted outcomes.
Citation: Greenberg CC, Byrnes ME, Engler TA . Association of a statewide surgical coaching program with clinical outcomes and surgeon perceptions. Ann Surg 2021 Jun;273(6):1034-39. doi: 10.1097/sla.0000000000004800..
Keywords: Surgery, Provider: Physician, Provider Performance, Outcomes
Savitz ST, Falk K, Stearns SC
Coronary revascularization outcomes in relation to skilled nursing facility use following hospital discharge.
Observational analyses comparing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among elderly or frail patients are likely biased by treatment selection. PCI is typically chosen for frail patients, while CABG is more common for patients with good recovery potential. In this study. The investigators hypothesized that skilled nursing facility (SNF) use after revascularization was a measure of relative frailty associated with outcomes following coronary revascularization.
Citation: Savitz ST, Falk K, Stearns SC . Coronary revascularization outcomes in relation to skilled nursing facility use following hospital discharge. Clin Cardiol 2021 May;44(5):627-35. doi: 10.1002/clc.23583..
Keywords: Elderly, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Surgery, Outcomes, Nursing Homes
Dos Santos Marques IC, Theiss LM, Wood LN
Racial disparities exist in surgical outcomes for patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
The authors hypothesized that racial disparities exist for Hispanic and Asian patients undergoing surgery for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS- NSQIP) was used. They found that racial disparities do exist among IBD patients undergoing surgery. Black, Hispanic, and Asian IBD patients experience major disparities in post-operative complications, readmissions, and length of stay, respectively, when compared to White patients with IBD. They recommended future research to better understand the mechanisms of these disparities including evaluation of social determinants of health.
Citation: Dos Santos Marques IC, Theiss LM, Wood LN . Racial disparities exist in surgical outcomes for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Am J Surg 2021 Apr;221(4):668-74. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.12.010..
Keywords: Disparities, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Surgery, Digestive Disease and Health, Outcomes
Chan H, Zhang L, Choti MA
Recurrence patterns after surgical resection of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: analysis from the national comprehensive cancer network oncology outcomes database.
Current National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEPNETs) recommend complete (R0) surgical resection of the primary tumor and metastases, if feasible. This study conducted large multicenter studies of recurrence patterns of GEPNETs after resection. Findings showed that R0 resection was associated with variable risk of recurrence across subtypes. Recommendations included further research to inform refinement of guidelines for the appropriate duration of surveillance after R0 resection.
Citation: Chan H, Zhang L, Choti MA . Recurrence patterns after surgical resection of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: analysis from the national comprehensive cancer network oncology outcomes database. Pancreas 2021 Apr;50(4):506-12. doi: 10.1097/mpa.0000000000001791..
Keywords: Cancer, Surgery, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice, Outcomes
Dworsky JQ, Shellito AD, Childers CP
Association of geriatric events with perioperative outcomes after elective inpatient surgery.
Researchers investigated the prevalence and association of geriatric events (GEs) with clinical outcomes after elective surgery. Using National Inpatient Sample data, they found that, compared to admissions with no GEs, one or more GEs were associated with higher probability of worse outcomes including mortality, postoperative complications, prolonged length of stay, and discharge to a skilled nursing facility. They recommended efforts focusing on mutable factors responsible for GEs in order to optimize surgical care for older adults.
Citation: Dworsky JQ, Shellito AD, Childers CP . Association of geriatric events with perioperative outcomes after elective inpatient surgery. J Surg Res 2021 Mar;259:192-99. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2020.11.011..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Elderly, Surgery, Adverse Events, Outcomes
Brown CS, Osborne NH, Kim GY
Effect of concomitant deep venous reflux on truncal endovenous ablation outcomes in the Vascular Quality Initiative.
This study looked at outcomes for patients with varicose veins (C2 disease) undergoing truncal endovenous ablation with and without deep venous reflux. Data from the Vascular Quality Initiative was analyzed from 2015 to 2019. A total of 4881 patients were included, with 46.2% having combined deep and superficial reflux. Follow-up around a year later (median 336.5 days) was conducted after. Patients with deep reflux were less likely to be female, more likely to be Caucasian, and had no difference in BMI. Additionally, there were no differences in rates of prior varicose vein treatments, number of pregnancies, or history of deep venous thrombosis. However, patients without deep reflux were more likely to use anticoagulants at the time of the procedure. Patients without deep reflux had slightly higher median preprocedural Venous Clinician Severity Score (VCSS) scores as well as postprocedural VCSS scores. Total symptom score was higher for patients without deep reflux before and after the procedure, but there was no change in symptom score after the procedure. Patients with deep reflux had substantially higher rates of complications with a particular increase in proximal thrombus extension.
Citation: Brown CS, Osborne NH, Kim GY . Effect of concomitant deep venous reflux on truncal endovenous ablation outcomes in the Vascular Quality Initiative. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 Mar;9(2):361-68.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jvsv.2020.04.031..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Chronic Conditions, Surgery, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice
Brown CS, Obi AT, Cronenwett JL
Outcomes after truncal ablation with or without concomitant phlebectomy for isolated symptomatic varicose veins (C2 disease).
This study looked outcomes of patients with varicose veins (C2 disease) who were treated with venous ablation alone or ablation plus phlebectomy using the Vascular Quality Initiative Varicose Vein Registry. Data between January 2015 and March 2015 was used to investigate postoperative as well as long-term clinical and patient-reported outcomes among patients with documented symptomatic C2 disease undergoing truncal endovenous ablations alone and combined ablation and phlebectomy. Out of 3375 patients, 40.1% underwent isolated truncal ablation and the rest had the combined procedure of ablation and phlebectomy. Complications were low for both procedures (8.4% and 8.7%). Overall, improvement in symptoms was experienced by 94.4% of patients with more increases in patients undergoing ablation and phlebectomy than ablation alone. Both procedures are recommended by the authors to be covered by insurance.
Citation: Brown CS, Obi AT, Cronenwett JL . Outcomes after truncal ablation with or without concomitant phlebectomy for isolated symptomatic varicose veins (C2 disease). J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 Mar;9(2):369-76. doi: 10.1016/j.jvsv.2020.05.016..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Chronic Conditions, Surgery, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Comparative Effectiveness, Evidence-Based Practice
Pennington KM, Dykhoff HJ, Yao X
The impact of antifungal prophylaxis in lung transplant recipients.
This study evaluated the effect of antifungal prophylaxis on all-cause mortality and invasive fungal infections (IFI) on lung transplant recipients. Administrative claims data was used to identify adult patients who underwent lung transplantation between 2005 and 2018. The authors identified 662 lung transplant recipients. All-cause mortality was found to be significantly lower in those receiving antifungal prophylaxis compared to those who did not. Patients receiving antifungal prophylaxis also had a lower rate of IFI, but it was not statistically significant.
AHRQ-funded; HS025164; HS025402; HS025517; HS024075.
Citation: Pennington KM, Dykhoff HJ, Yao X . The impact of antifungal prophylaxis in lung transplant recipients. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2021 Mar;18(3):468-76. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202003-267OC..
Keywords: Transplantation, Surgery, Medication, Prevention, Respiratory Conditions, Mortality, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice
Fischer CP, Knapp L, Cohen ME
Feasibility of enhanced recovery in emergency colorectal operation.
This study examines the feasibility of using enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) in emergency colorectal operations. It has been successfully used with elective surgical care but has not been examined for emergency procedures. A total of 31,511 patients who underwent colorectal operations at 235 hospitals were identified from a national ERP collaborative. Most were elective surgeries (28,425), with 3,086 emergencies. For emergency cases, rates of early Foley removal and venous thromboembolism prophylaxis were highest. Rates of multimodal pain control, early mobilization, and early liquid intake were modest. Patients younger than age 65 years, those with independent functional status, American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification 1 to 3, and without physiologic derangement had the most nonadherence. Lack of mobilization or liquid intake was independently associated with increased odds of ileus and prolonged length of stay.
Citation: Fischer CP, Knapp L, Cohen ME . Feasibility of enhanced recovery in emergency colorectal operation. J Am Coll Surg 2021 Feb;232(2):178-85. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2020.10.004..
Keywords: Surgery, Digestive Disease and Health, Emergency Department, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Outcomes
Snell DL, Dunn JA, Jerram KAS
AHRQ Author: Hsieh CJ
Associations between comorbidity and quality of life outcomes after total joint replacement.
In this study, a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based national survey, the authors examined associations between self-reported and clinician-assessed comorbidity and quality of life (QOL) outcomes after hip and knee replacement. The investigators concluded that the results showed that general QOL outcomes following hip and knee joint replacement, while typically high, were associated with comorbidity burden and BMI.
Citation: Snell DL, Dunn JA, Jerram KAS . Associations between comorbidity and quality of life outcomes after total joint replacement. Qual Life Res 2021 Jan;30(1):137-44. doi: 10.1007/s11136-020-02610-6..
Keywords: Quality of Life, Surgery, Orthopedics, Outcomes
Brown CS, Osborne NH, Kim GY
Comparison of unilateral vs bilateral and staged bilateral vs concurrent bilateral truncal endovenous ablation in the Vascular Quality Initiative.
This study compares outcomes in patients who have undergone unilateral vs bilateral venous ablation procedures or between staged and concurrent bilateral procedures. Data from the Vascular Quality Initiative from 2015 to 2019 was used to investigate immediate postoperative as well as long-term clinical and patient-reported outcomes. A total of 5029 patients were included, of whom 75.2% underwent unilateral procedures. Follow-up was conducted with a median of 227 days after. Unilateral patients were less likely to be female and white and had lower BMI compared with patients undergoing bilateral procedures. In addition, unilateral patients had fewer prior varicose vein treatments and had higher Venous Clinical Severity Scores (VCSS). There were no differences in complications in patients undergoing unilateral vs bilateral procedures. Systemic complications were rare in both groups.
Citation: Brown CS, Osborne NH, Kim GY . Comparison of unilateral vs bilateral and staged bilateral vs concurrent bilateral truncal endovenous ablation in the Vascular Quality Initiative. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 Jan;9(1):113-21.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jvsv.2020.05.008..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Chronic Conditions, Surgery, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Comparative Effectiveness, Evidence-Based Practice