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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Schlick CJR, Liu JY, Yang AD
Pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative factors associated with post-discharge venous thromboembolism following colorectal cancer resection.
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the most common preventable cause of 30-day post-operative mortality, with many events occurring after hospital discharge. High-level evidence supports post-discharge VTE chemoprophylaxis following abdominal/pelvic cancer resection; however, some studies support a more tailored approach. The objectives of this study were to (1) identify risk factors associated with post-discharge VTE in a large cohort of patients undergoing colorectal cancer resection and (2) develop a post-discharge VTE risk calculator.
AHRQ-funded; HS024516; HS026385.
Citation: Schlick CJR, Liu JY, Yang AD . Pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative factors associated with post-discharge venous thromboembolism following colorectal cancer resection. J Gastrointest Surg 2020 Jan;24(1):144-54. doi: 10.1007/s11605-019-04354-2..
Keywords: Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Surgery, Blood Clots, Adverse Events, Risk, Hospital Discharge
Krishnan N, Li B, Jacobs BL
The fate of radical cystectomy patients after hospital discharge: understanding the black box of the pre-readmission interval.
This study looked at reasons why bladder cancer patients who had undergone radical cystectomy surgery were readmitted to the hospital within 30 days. A retrospective cohort study was conducted for patients from 2005 to 2012. Researchers found that fever or difficulty with eating or maintaining their weight had the highest chance of being readmitted. Patients who had a higher pain tolerance or had noninfectious wounds or urinary concerns were less likely to be readmitted.
Citation: Krishnan N, Li B, Jacobs BL . The fate of radical cystectomy patients after hospital discharge: understanding the black box of the pre-readmission interval. Eur Urol Focus 2018 Sep;4(5):711-17. doi: 10.1016/j.euf.2016.07.004..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Cancer, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Surgery