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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Baskin AS, Wang T, Bredbeck BC
Trends in contralateral prophylactic mastectomy utilization for small unilateral breast cancer.
This study describes trends in contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) utilization for small unilateral breast cancer instead of breast-conserving surgery (BCS) which is recommended. The authors used the National Cancer Database to identify women with unilateral, T1 breast cancer. Of the total cohort of 765,487, 69% underwent BCS and 31% chose mastectomy. Of 176,673 women aged 70 years or older, 75% underwent BCS and 25% chose mastectomy. CPM rates have increased in both cohorts since 2006. Patient factors such as younger age, white rate, private insurance, tumor factors, and facility factors were associated with increased CPM rates compared with unilateral mastectomy.
Citation: Baskin AS, Wang T, Bredbeck BC . Trends in contralateral prophylactic mastectomy utilization for small unilateral breast cancer. J Surg Res 2021 Jun;262:71-84. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2020.12.057..
Keywords: Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Women, Surgery, Prevention, Healthcare Utilization
Desai VB, Wright JD, Lin H
Laparoscopic hysterectomy route, resource use, and outcomes: change after power morcellation warning.
The purpose of this study was to examine changes in utilization of different types of laparoscopic hysterectomy, as well as their associated resource use and surgical outcomes, after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) safety statement in April 2014 regarding power morcellation. They found rates of laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy fell in association with power morcellation safety warnings, whereas rates of other laparoscopic hysterectomies continued to rise.
Citation: Desai VB, Wright JD, Lin H . Laparoscopic hysterectomy route, resource use, and outcomes: change after power morcellation warning. Obstet Gynecol 2019 Aug;134(2):227-38. doi: 10.1097/aog.0000000000003375..
Keywords: Healthcare Utilization, Outcomes, Surgery, Women
Ross WT, Meister MR, Shepherd JP
Utilization of apical vaginal support procedures at time of inpatient hysterectomy performed for benign conditions: a national estimate.
The researchers sought to estimate trends and factors associated with use of apical support procedures at time of inpatient hysterectomy for benign indications in a large national database. Their study demonstrated that apical support procedures are not routinely performed at time of inpatient hysterectomy regardless of presence of prolapse diagnosis.
Citation: Ross WT, Meister MR, Shepherd JP . Utilization of apical vaginal support procedures at time of inpatient hysterectomy performed for benign conditions: a national estimate. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2017 Oct;217(4):436.e1-36.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2017.07.010.
Keywords: Healthcare Utilization, Practice Patterns, Surgery, Women