Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Leu GR, Links AR, Ryan MA
Assessment of parental choice predisposition for tonsillectomy in children.
The decision to proceed with tonsillectomy to treat pediatric obstructive sleep-disordered breathing (OSDB) often falls on individual families. Despite emphasis on shared decision-making between parents and surgeons about tonsillectomy for OSDB, the extent to which parents have already decided about surgery prior to the child's consultation is not known. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of parent choice predisposition for surgical treatment of OSDB with tonsillectomy and describe its association with parent-clinician communication.
Citation: Leu GR, Links AR, Ryan MA . Assessment of parental choice predisposition for tonsillectomy in children. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Mar;147(3):263-70. doi: 10.1001/jamaoto.2020.5031..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Caregiving, Decision Making, Surgery, Sleep Problems, Respiratory Conditions
Chinnadurai S, Jordan AK, Sathe NA
Tonsillectomy for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing: a meta-analysis.
This meta-analysis compared sleep, cognitive or behavioral, and health outcomes of tonsillectomy versus watchful waiting with supportive care in children with sleep-disordered breathing. It determined that, relative to watchful waiting, most studies reported better sleep-related outcomes in children who had a tonsillectomy.
Citation: Chinnadurai S, Jordan AK, Sathe NA . Tonsillectomy for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics 2017 Feb;139(2). doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-3491.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Sleep Problems, Surgery, Evidence-Based Practice, Respiratory Conditions, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice, Outcomes
Boss EF, Benke JR, Tunkel DE
Public insurance and timing of polysomnography and surgical care for children with sleep-disordered breathing.
The purpose of this study was (1) to evaluate receipt and timing of polysomnography (PSG) in relation to ultimate surgical therapy with adenotonsillectomy for children undergoing evaluation for sleep-disordered breathing and (2) to evaluate differences based on socioeconomic status. It found that referral for PSG resulted in significant loss to follow-up for all children and delayed definitive surgical treatment for children with public insurance.
Citation: Boss EF, Benke JR, Tunkel DE . Public insurance and timing of polysomnography and surgical care for children with sleep-disordered breathing. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2015 Feb;141(2):106-11. doi: 10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3085..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Sleep Problems, Social Determinants of Health, Access to Care, Health Insurance, Surgery