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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Leu GR, Links AR, Ryan MA
Assessment of parental choice predisposition for tonsillectomy in children.
The decision to proceed with tonsillectomy to treat pediatric obstructive sleep-disordered breathing (OSDB) often falls on individual families. Despite emphasis on shared decision-making between parents and surgeons about tonsillectomy for OSDB, the extent to which parents have already decided about surgery prior to the child's consultation is not known. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of parent choice predisposition for surgical treatment of OSDB with tonsillectomy and describe its association with parent-clinician communication.
Citation: Leu GR, Links AR, Ryan MA . Assessment of parental choice predisposition for tonsillectomy in children. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Mar;147(3):263-70. doi: 10.1001/jamaoto.2020.5031..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Caregiving, Decision Making, Surgery, Sleep Apnea, Sleep Problems
Mouch CA, Baskin AS, Yearling R CA, Baskin AS, Yearling R
Sleep patterns and quality among inpatients recovering from elective surgery: a mixed-method study.
This study examined sleep quality and barriers to sleep among adult hospital inpatients recovering from elective surgery. A quantitative survey was used followed by a qualitative phone interview with a subsample of participants. Of 113 eligible patients, 102 (90%) completed the survey. Less than half reported sleeping well the night prior to surgery and 93% reported less sleep in the hospital compared to home. A median of 5 (4-7) interruptions were reported each night. Patients with more than three interruptions were likely to report poor sleep compared with those who had three or less. Barriers to sleep included staff interruptions and roommate noise but not pain. Patients interviewed suggested improved timing and knowledge of interruptions or use of noise-reduction aids that would facilitate sleep.
Citation: Mouch CA, Baskin AS, Yearling R CA, Baskin AS, Yearling R . Sleep patterns and quality among inpatients recovering from elective surgery: a mixed-method study. J Surg Res 2020 Oct;254:268-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2020.04.032..
Keywords: Sleep Problems, Surgery, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Inpatient Care, Hospitals, Patient Experience