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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Donovan E, Bratberg J, Baird J
Pharmacy leaders' beliefs about how pharmacies can support a sustainable approach to providing naloxone to the community.
The objective of this qualitative study was to understand how leaders in pharmacy organizations perceive pharmacies and pharmacy staff can optimize dispensing of naloxone. Five main themes emerged: importance of staff training to increase comfort; strength through coordination of efforts; pharmacies acting as community leaders in the opioid crisis; persisting stigma; ongoing workflow challenges. These results uniquely reflect the experiences and insights of pharmacy leaders implementing public health initiatives during the opioid crisis and can be used for gaining insight into how pharmacists can efficiently provide naloxone to their communities.
Citation: Donovan E, Bratberg J, Baird J . Pharmacy leaders' beliefs about how pharmacies can support a sustainable approach to providing naloxone to the community. Res Social Adm Pharm 2020 Oct;16(10):1493-97. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.01.006..
Keywords: Provider: Pharmacist, Provider, Community-Based Practice, Opioids, Medication, Substance Abuse
Green TC, Donovan E, Klug B
Revisiting pharmacy-based naloxone with pharmacists and naloxone consumers in 2 states: 2017 perspectives and evolving approaches.
The authors sought to examine similarities and differences in experiences obtaining naloxone at the pharmacy over a 1-year period in 2 states, and to explore reactions from people with opioid use disorder, patients taking opioids for chronic pain, caregivers of opioid users, and pharmacists to communication tools and patient outreach materials designed to improve naloxone uptake. Through focus groups in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, they found that experiences dispensing naloxone are quickly evolving, and a greater diversity of patients are obtaining pharmacy naloxone. They concluded that persistent stigma-related concerns underscore the need for tools to help pharmacists offer naloxone, facilitate patient requests, and provide reassurance when getting naloxone.
Citation: Green TC, Donovan E, Klug B . Revisiting pharmacy-based naloxone with pharmacists and naloxone consumers in 2 states: 2017 perspectives and evolving approaches. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2020 Sep-Oct;60(5):740-49. doi: 10.1016/j.japh.2020.03.005..
Keywords: Opioids, Medication, Substance Abuse, Community-Based Practice, Healthcare Delivery, Social Stigma, Access to Care
Aggarwal R, Pham M, Dillingham R
Expanded HIV clinic-based mental health care services: association with viral suppression.
This study compared two cohorts of people living with HIV (PLWH) who were receiving clinic-based mental health services. Cohort A received the services before or during 2012, and Cohort B from 2013-2014. Cohort A had three times as many participants with a CD4 count <200. Cohort B were more likely to also have a substance abuse diagnosis. The researchers concluded that the later cohort may not have as much benefit from increased access to co-located mental health services and substance use services.
Citation: Aggarwal R, Pham M, Dillingham R . Expanded HIV clinic-based mental health care services: association with viral suppression. Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Apr;6(4):ofz146. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofz146..
Keywords: Access to Care, Behavioral Health, Community-Based Practice, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Substance Abuse
Komaromy M, Duhigg D, Metcalf A
Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes): a new model for educating primary care providers about treatment of substance use disorders.
ECHO is a distance education model that connects specialists with numerous PCPs via simultaneous video link for the purpose of facilitating case-based learning. This article describes a teleECHO clinic that is focused on treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) and behavioral health disorders. It concluded that the ECHO model can promote expansion of access to treatment for opioid use disorder and other SUDs, particularly in underserved areas.
Citation: Komaromy M, Duhigg D, Metcalf A . Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes): a new model for educating primary care providers about treatment of substance use disorders. Subst Abus 2016;37(1):20-4. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2015.1129388.
Keywords: Community-Based Practice, Primary Care, Substance Abuse, Training, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Roth JA, Bradley K, Thummel KE
Alcohol misuse, genetics, and major bleeding among warfarin therapy patients in a community setting.
The researchers conducted a case–control study to assess the association between screening positive for moderate/severe alcohol misuse and the risk of major bleeding in a community sample of patients using warfarin. They found that alcohol screening questionnaires, potentially coupled with genetic testing, could have clinical utility in selecting patients for warfarin therapy, as well as refining dosing and monitoring practices.
Citation: Roth JA, Bradley K, Thummel KE . Alcohol misuse, genetics, and major bleeding among warfarin therapy patients in a community setting. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2015 Jun;24(6):619-27. doi: 10.1002/pds.3769..
Keywords: Alcohol Use, Blood Thinners, Community-Based Practice, Substance Abuse
Lebrun-Harris LA, Tomoyasu N, Ngo-Metzger Q
AHRQ Author: Ngo-Metzger Q
Substance use, risk of dependence, counseling and treatment among adult health center patients.
The authors examined the prevalence of substance use and risk of dependence among health center patients, and identified factors associated with desire for counseling/treatment and discussions about substance use with a clinician. They found that 84% of patients who desired substance use counseling or treatment reported receiving it, and those patients most likely to desire substance use counseling or treatment were male, unmarried, insured, current smokers, and indicated mental health problems.
Citation: Lebrun-Harris LA, Tomoyasu N, Ngo-Metzger Q . Substance use, risk of dependence, counseling and treatment among adult health center patients. J Health Care Poor Underserved 2014 Aug;25(3):1217-30. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2014.0130.
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Community-Based Practice, Substance Abuse, Vulnerable Populations