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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Tang LA, Jeffery AD, Leech AA
A comparison of methods to identify antenatal substance use within electronic health records.
This study described the development of a natural-language-processing-based algorithm for detecting antenatal substance use among individuals receiving perinatal care. Findings showed that the accuracy of antenatal substance use detection was improved with more stringent case definitions; however, the overall proportion of true cases confirmed by manual chart review decreased.
Citation: Tang LA, Jeffery AD, Leech AA . A comparison of methods to identify antenatal substance use within electronic health records. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2022 Mar;4(2):100535. doi: 10.1016/j.ajogmf.2021.100535..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Substance Abuse, Pregnancy, Women, Behavioral Health
Fan T, Lee G
AHRQ Author: Fan T
Interventions for tobacco smoking cessation in adults, including pregnant persons.
This AHRQ-authored Putting Preventions in Practice quiz has three questions and answers on the US Preventive Services Task Force final recommendation on interventions for tobacco smoking cessation in adults, including pregnant persons. A case study is presented with questions on the best behavioral interventions, e-cigarette use, and pharmacotherapy for tobacco cessation in pregnant persons. References are also provided at the end of the answers.
Citation: Fan T, Lee G . Interventions for tobacco smoking cessation in adults, including pregnant persons. Am Fam Physician 2021 Jun 15;103(12):753-54..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Tobacco Use, Prevention, Case Study, Pregnancy, Women, Substance Abuse
Ali MM, McClellan C, West KD
AHRQ Author: McClellan C
Medical marijuana laws, marijuana use, and opioid-related outcomes among women in the United States.
This study examined whether state medical marijuana laws (MMLs) was associated with lower levels of opioid-related outcomes. Data was drawn from the 2002-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to compare opioid misuse in states with and without MMLs among all women, pregnant women, and parenting women. It also invested the impact of MMLs on marijuana use and marijuana use disorder. There was found to be no association of MMLs with opioid misuse, opioid misuse initiation, or opioid use disorder among all women, pregnant women and parenting women. However there was a positive correlation with marijuana use and marijuana use disorder among all women and women with children. MMLs were also associated with an increase in the frequency of opioid misuse in pregnant women and a decrease in the frequency of opioid misuse for parenting women.
Citation: Ali MM, McClellan C, West KD . Medical marijuana laws, marijuana use, and opioid-related outcomes among women in the United States. Womens Health Issues 2021 Jan-Feb;31(1):24-30. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2020.09.003..
Keywords: Women, Opioids, Substance Abuse, Medication, Policy, Practice Patterns
Lipira L, Rao D, Nevin PE
Patterns of alcohol use and associated characteristics and HIV-related outcomes among a sample of African-American women living with HIV.
The authors used baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of an HIV-related stigma-reduction intervention among African-American women living with HIV in Chicago and Birmingham. They measured patterns of alcohol use, then assessed demographic, social, and clinical characteristics which may influence alcohol use and HIV-related outcomes which may be influenced by patterns of alcohol use. Their findings suggest that alcohol use is common and associated with poor HIV-related outcomes in this population. They recommended that regular alcohol screening and intervention be offered.
Citation: Lipira L, Rao D, Nevin PE . Patterns of alcohol use and associated characteristics and HIV-related outcomes among a sample of African-American women living with HIV. Drug Alcohol Depend 2020 Jan 1;206:107753. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107753..
Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Alcohol Use, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Women, Substance Abuse
Kozhimannil KB, Graves AJ, Jarlenski M
Non-medical opioid use and sources of opioids among pregnant and non-pregnant reproductive-aged women.
This study characterized non-medical use (NMU) of prescription opioids among reproductive-age U.S. women, with a focus on pregnancy status. Nearly 1 percent of pregnant women and 2.3 percent of non-pregnant reproductive-age women reported opioid NMU in the past 30 days. Forty-six percent of pregnant women identified a doctor as their source compared with 27.6 percent of non-pregnant women reporting NMU.
Citation: Kozhimannil KB, Graves AJ, Jarlenski M . Non-medical opioid use and sources of opioids among pregnant and non-pregnant reproductive-aged women. Drug Alcohol Depend 2017 May 1;174:201-08. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.003.
Keywords: Medication, Opioids, Pregnancy, Substance Abuse, Women
Witt WP, Mandell KC, Wisk LE
Infant birthweight in the US: the role of preconception stressful life events and substance use.
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships among preconception stressful life events (PSLEs), women's alcohol and tobacco use before and during pregnancy, and infant birthweight. It concluded that PSLEs and women's tobacco use before and during pregnancy are independent risk factors for having a lower birthweight baby.
AHRQ-funded; HS000063; HS000083.
Citation: Witt WP, Mandell KC, Wisk LE . Infant birthweight in the US: the role of preconception stressful life events and substance use. Arch Womens Ment Health 2016 Jun;19(3):529-42. doi: 10.1007/s00737-015-0595-z.
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Pregnancy, Stress, Substance Abuse, Women
Heslin KC, Gable A, Dobalian A
AHRQ Author: Heslin KC
Special services for women in substance use disorders treatment: how does the Department of Veterans Affairs compare with other providers?
The researchers examined the prevalence of programs and key services for women in VA facilities in a survey of 14,311 substance use disorder treatment facilities. Approximately 31 percent of facilities had special programs exclusively for women. Although the VA had the lowest prevalence of programs for women, at 19.1 percent, it offered a significantly higher average number of key services for women.
Citation: Heslin KC, Gable A, Dobalian A . Special services for women in substance use disorders treatment: how does the Department of Veterans Affairs compare with other providers? Womens Health Issues 2015 Nov-Dec;25(6):666-72. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2015.07.005.
Keywords: Veterans, Substance Abuse, Women, Healthcare Delivery