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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Musey PI, Jr., Kline JA
Emergency department cardiopulmonary evaluation of low-risk chest pain patients with self-reported stress and anxiety.
This study aimed to was to measure the frequency of self-identified stress or anxiety among chest pain patients, and compare their pretest probabilities, care processes, and outcomes. It concluded that without prompting, 8 percent of patients self-identified "stress" or "anxiety" as the etiology for their chest pain. Most had low pretest probability, were over-investigated for acute coronary syndrome and pulmonary embolism and not investigated for anxiety syndromes.
Citation: Musey PI, Jr., Kline JA . Emergency department cardiopulmonary evaluation of low-risk chest pain patients with self-reported stress and anxiety. J Emerg Med 2017 Mar;52(3):273-79. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2016.11.022.
Keywords: Anxiety, Emergency Department, Health Services Research (HSR), Pain, Stress
Johnson TJ, Hickey RW, Switzer GE
The impact of cognitive stressors in the emergency department on physician implicit racial bias.
The researchers sought to determine if physicians have different levels of implicit racial bias post-ED shift versus preshift and to examine associations between demographics and cognitive stressors (e.g., fatigue, stress, time pressure, and complex decision-making) with bias. They concluded that resident implicit bias remained stable overall preshift to postshift, cognitive stressors (overcrowding and patient load) were associated with increased implicit bias.
Citation: Johnson TJ, Hickey RW, Switzer GE . The impact of cognitive stressors in the emergency department on physician implicit racial bias. Acad Emerg Med 2016 Mar;23(3):297-305. doi: 10.1111/acem.12901.
Keywords: Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Emergency Department, Stress, Provider: Health Personnel