Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Papaleontiou M, Reyes-Gastelum D, Gay BL
Worry in thyroid cancer survivors with a favorable prognosis.
Researchers investigated cancer-related worry in thyroid cancer survivors with favorable prognosis. A diverse cohort of patients diagnosed with differentiated thyroid cancer, selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program registries were surveyed for two to four years after diagnosis. The researchers recommended that physicians be aware that worry is a major issue for thyroid cancer survivors with favorable prognosis. Efforts should be undertaken to alleviate worry, especially among vulnerable groups, including female patients, younger patients, those with lower education, and racial/ethnic minorities.
Citation: Papaleontiou M, Reyes-Gastelum D, Gay BL . Worry in thyroid cancer survivors with a favorable prognosis. Thyroid 2019 Aug;29(8):1080-88. doi: 10.1089/thy.2019.0163..
Keywords: Cancer, Anxiety, Stress, Health Status
Abelson JS, Chait A, Shen MJ
Sources of distress among patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer: a qualitative study.
The objective of this qualitative study was to explore sources of distress among colorectal cancer patients undergoing surgery. The investigators found that patients identified sources of stress at preoperative, in-hospital recovery and postoperative stages. Sources of stress included, but were not limited to: emotional reaction to diagnosis, negative emotional reaction to having a surgery, dealing with distressing physical symptoms and complications after surgery.
Citation: Abelson JS, Chait A, Shen MJ . Sources of distress among patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer: a qualitative study. J Surg Res 2018 Jun;226:140-49. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2018.01.017..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Cancer, Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Stress, Surgery
Kaplan RM, Milstein A
AHRQ Author: Kaplan RM
Financial strain and cancer outcomes.
This editorial discusses an article by Lathan et al. in the same issue that documents the strong associations between socioeconomic status and longevity. The editorial argues that many of the variables in that article are measured with error and, as a result, the multivariable analysis resulted in only partial adjustment. Two variables of particular importance, education and ethnicity, are discussed.
Citation: Kaplan RM, Milstein A . Financial strain and cancer outcomes. J Clin Oncol 2016 May 20;34(15):1711-2. doi: 10.1200/jco.2016.66.8079.
Keywords: Cancer, Health Status, Healthcare Costs, Low-Income, Outcomes, Social Determinants of Health, Stress
Body image disturbance in adults treated for cancer - a concept analysis.
The author analyzed the concept of body image disturbance in adults who have been treated for cancer as a phenomenon of interest to nurses. Rhoten used Walker and Avant's 8-step method of concept analysis and concluded that a better understanding of body image disturbance in adults treated for cancer will assist nurses and other clinicians in identifying this phenomenon and will assist nurse scientists in developing instruments that accurately measure this condition, along with interventions that will promote a better quality of life for survivors.
Citation: Rhoten BA . Body image disturbance in adults treated for cancer - a concept analysis. J Adv Nurs 2016 May;72(5):1001-11. doi: 10.1111/jan.12892.
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Cancer, Stress
Rocque GB, Taylor RA, Acemgil A
Guiding lay navigation in geriatric patients with cancer using a distress assessment tool.
This study assessed the feasibility and impact of using distress assessments to frame lay navigator interactions with geriatric patients with cancer who were enrolled in navigation between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2014. It concluded that lay navigators were able to routinely screen for patient distress at a high degree of penetration using a structured distress assessment.
Citation: Rocque GB, Taylor RA, Acemgil A . Guiding lay navigation in geriatric patients with cancer using a distress assessment tool. J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2016 Apr;14(4):407-14.
Keywords: Elderly, Cancer, Tools & Toolkits, Stress, Behavioral Health