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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Reeves SL, Tribble AC, Madden B
Antibiotic prophylaxis for children with sickle cell anemia.
This study calculated the proportion of children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) who received at least 300 days of antibiotic prophylaxis against invasive pneumococcal disease and identified predictors of receipt. Children with SCA between 3 months and 5 years old were identified by the presence of three or more Medicaid claims with a diagnosis of SCA within a calendar year in six states. Receipt of antibiotics was identified through claims for filled prescriptions. The authors conclude that antibiotic prophylaxis rates are low among children with SCA; more healthcare encounters may offer opportunities for increased intervention. Potential predictors were identified as age, sex, year, state, and health services usage.
Citation: Reeves SL, Tribble AC, Madden B . Antibiotic prophylaxis for children with sickle cell anemia. Pediatrics 2018 Mar;141(3). doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-2182..
Keywords: Sickle Cell Disease, Children/Adolescents, Antibiotics, Prevention, Pneumonia, Medication