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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 399 Research Studies Displayed
Hicklin K, O'Leary MC, Nambiar S
Assessing the impact of multicomponent interventions on colorectal cancer screening through simulation: what would it take to reach national screening targets in North Carolina?
The authors simulated the impact of multicomponent interventions in North Carolina over 5 years to assess the potential for meeting national screening targets for colorectal cancer (CRC). They reported that each multicomponent intervention was associated with increased CRC screening and averted both CRC cases and deaths, while three had the potential to reach screening targets.
Citation: Hicklin K, O'Leary MC, Nambiar S . Assessing the impact of multicomponent interventions on colorectal cancer screening through simulation: what would it take to reach national screening targets in North Carolina? Prev Med 2022 Sep;162:107126. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107126..
Keywords: Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Screening, Colonoscopy, Prevention
Singal AG, Chen Y, Sridhar S
Novel application of predictive modeling: a tailored approach to promoting hcc surveillance in patients with cirrhosis.
Researchers conducted a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluating a mailed outreach strategy to promote hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance among cirrhosis patients at a safety-net health system. They found that predictive models can help stratify patients' likelihood to respond to surveillance outreach invitations, facilitating tailored strategies to maximize effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of HCC surveillance population health programs.
Citation: Singal AG, Chen Y, Sridhar S . Novel application of predictive modeling: a tailored approach to promoting hcc surveillance in patients with cirrhosis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Aug;20(8):1795-802.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2021.02.038..
Keywords: Cancer, Chronic Conditions, Screening
Ellison J, Wang C, Yarrington C
Insurance and geographic variations in non-invasive prenatal testing.
The purpose of this study was to estimate the population-level rate of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) uptake in Massachusetts and identify disparities based on patient zip-code and insurance type. The researchers identified pregnant patients aged 35 years or older at their delivery between 7/1/2015 to 12/31/2015 who were eligible for NIPT use, to assess the role of area‐level sociodemographic characteristics and NIPT uptake. The study reported that considerable geographic variation was discovered. Patients living in zip‐codes within and surrounding the Boston metropolitan area were more likely to receive NIPT, as were those living in Eastern MA. The observed NIPT rate (per 1000 pregnant individuals aged 35 and over) was 48.7 for Medicaid enrollees and 272.1 for commercial enrollees; 123.0 and 223.2 for patients living in a zip‐code with a high versus low proportion of Black/Hispanic residents; and 107.7 and 218.4 for those in a zip‐code with a high versus low proportion of low‐income residents. The researchers reported that birthing people covered by Medicaid were over five times less likely to receive NIPT than their counterparts with commercial coverage. Lower NIPT rates in zip‐codes with a high proportion of low‐income or Black/Hispanic residents also suggests that geographic variations in uptake may reflect racial/ethnic and income disparities independent of insurance coverage. The researchers concluded that the study findings emphasize the presence of substantial disparities in NIPT uptake based on insurance and zip-code of residence, and that further research is needed to identify barriers and facilitators to uptake and to evaluate interventions to address inequities in NIPT use.
Citation: Ellison J, Wang C, Yarrington C . Insurance and geographic variations in non-invasive prenatal testing. Prenat Diagn 2022 Jul;42(8):1004-07. doi: 10.1002/pd.6155..
Keywords: Pregnancy, Maternal Care, Women, Health Insurance, Screening
Peaker B, Biondokin E
AHRQ Author: Peaker B
Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea.
In this Putting Prevention into Practice case study, a 20-year-old woman presents for a wellness examination. She states that she has no health concerns, does not have a history of any sexually transmitted infections, and does not use tobacco, alcohol, or drugs. Last year, she began taking oral contraceptives and reports regular monthly menses. Three multiple-choice questions are presented, followed by their answers.
Citation: Peaker B, Biondokin E . Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea. Am Fam Physician 2022 Jul;106(1):81-82..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Guidelines, Screening, Prevention, Sexual Health, Infectious Diseases, Case Study
Danan ER, Brunner J, Bergman A
The relationship between sexual assault history and cervical cancer screening completion among women veterans in the Veterans Health Administration.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a history of sexual assault in women Veterans is associated with decreased cervical cancer screening completion. The researchers analyzed data from a 2015 survey of 1049 women Veterans who accessed primary care services at 12 Veterans health administration facilities (VA’s) in nine states, and linked responses with electronic health data from the VA system. Fifty-seven percent (616) of women Veterans reported lifetime sexual assault, and those who did so had a greater likelihood of reporting a high level of distress associated with pelvic examinations and delaying a gynecologic exam due to distress. However, in the final adjusted model, there was not a significant association between lifetime sexual assault and reduced odds of cervical cancer screening completion. The study concluded that there was no significant association between sexual assault and gaps in cervical cancer screening completion.
Citation: Danan ER, Brunner J, Bergman A . The relationship between sexual assault history and cervical cancer screening completion among women veterans in the Veterans Health Administration. J Womens Health 2022 Jul;31(7):1040-47. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2021.0237.AHRQ-funded; HS026379..
Keywords: Women, Veterans, Cancer: Cervical Cancer, Cancer, Screening, Trauma
Kerlikowske K, Su YR, Sprague BL
Association of screening with digital breast tomosynthesis vs digital mammography with risk of interval invasive and advanced breast cancer.
The purpose of this study was to compare digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) with digital mammography to determine whether DBT was correlated with lower rates of internal invasive cancer and advanced breast cancer, taking into consideration breast density and breast cancer risk. From 2011 through 2018, the researchers studied a cohort of 504,427 women between the ages of 40 and 79 who underwent 375,189 screening DBT exams and 1,003,900 screening digital mammography exams, and who were then followed up for cancer diagnoses between 2011 and 2019 after being identified via linkage to state or regional cancer registries. The median age at the time of screening was 58 years (IQR 50-65 years) and the diagnostic screenings took place at 44 Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC) facilities in the United States. The study found that among women at low to average risk, or at high risk with almost entirely fatty, scattered fibroglandular densities, or heterogeneously dense breasts, advanced cancer rates were not significantly different for DBT vs digital mammography. There was no significant difference between DBT and digital mammography for interval cancer rates per 1000 exams. Interval invasive cancer rates were also not significantly different among the 413,061 examinations with BCSC 5-year risk of 1.67% or higher (high risk) across breast density categories, or among all the 836,250 examinations with BCSC 5-year risk less than 1.67% (low to average-risk). For the 3.6% of women with extremely dense breasts and at high risk of breast cancer (13,291 examinations in the DBT group and 31,300 in the digital mammography group) advanced cancer rates per 1000 examinations were significantly lower for DBT vs digital mammography, but not for women at low to average risk (10,611 examinations in the DBT group and 37,796 in the digital mammography group). The researchers reported that there was no significant difference in the 96.4% of women with extremely dense breasts not at high risk, heterogeneously dense breasts, or nondense breasts, and concluded that screening with DBT vs digital mammography was associated with a significantly lower risk of advanced breast cancer among the 3.6% of women with extremely dense breasts and at high risk of breast cancer, and was not associated with a significant difference in risk of interval invasive cancer.
Citation: Kerlikowske K, Su YR, Sprague BL . Association of screening with digital breast tomosynthesis vs digital mammography with risk of interval invasive and advanced breast cancer. JAMA 2022 Jun 14;327(22):2220-30. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.7672..
Keywords: Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Screening, Women, Imaging, Risk
Kowitt SD, Goldstein AO, Cykert S
A heart healthy intervention improved tobacco screening rates and cessation support in primary care practices.
This study investigated the outcomes of an evidence-based cardiovascular disease risk reduction tool called Heart Health Now to improve rates for tobacco cessation screening and counseling in small primary care practices in North Carolina. This tool was developed as part of AHRQ’s EvidenceNow initiative. This stepped wedge, stratified, cluster randomized trial looked at 28 practices that were staffed by 10 or fewer clinicians and had an electronic health record. Heart Health Now consisted of education tools, onsite practice facilitation for a year, and a practice-specific cardiovascular population management dashboard that included monthly, measure-specific run charts to help guide quality improvement. The practices included in their analyses consisted of 78,120 patients, and 17,687 smokers. From pre- to post-intervention, screening rates significantly increased from 82.7 to 96.2%. Cessation support rates also significantly increased from 44.3% to 50.1%. Some of the practices associated with improvement included being in an academic health center or faculty, having more clinicians, and having a lower percentage of White patients.
Citation: Kowitt SD, Goldstein AO, Cykert S . A heart healthy intervention improved tobacco screening rates and cessation support in primary care practices. J Prev 2022 Jun;43(3):375-86. doi: 10.1007/s10935-022-00672-5..
Keywords: Tobacco Use, Tobacco Use: Smoking Cessation, Screening, Primary Care, Evidence-Based Practice, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions
Kostelanetz S, Pettapiece-Phillips M, Weems J
Health care professionals' perspectives on universal screening of social determinants of health: a mixed-methods study.
The purpose of this AHRQ-funded study was to assess health care providers’ perceptions of universal social determinants of health (SDH) screening. Th researchers used mixed methods of electronic surveys and qualitative interviews to assess health care providers (physicians, administrators, advanced practice providers, nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and case managers) on their perceptions of universal SDH screening at an academic medical center. The electronic survey evaluated SDH screening practices, attitudes and barriers to universal screening, priorities for SDH domains, and disciplines to perform screening. There were 193 survey participants, representing a 62.5% response rate, most of which were physicians (31%) or social workers (22%). Ninety-three percent of respondents reported using SDH information in patient care, with 95% reporting that social workers were the most appropriate for providing screening. Barriers to SDH screening which were identified included lacking the: resources to address the needs which were identified (51%); time to ask (45%); staff to ask (33%) and; training in responding to the identified needs (28%). Social worker staff reported barriers less frequently than non- social worker staff. The qualitative interview (n=16) results were utilized to elaborate the electronic survey findings and identify themes. Qualitative interview data supported the survey findings and described barriers such as lack of standardized approaches and professional burnout. The researchers concluded that health care providers support universal social determinants of health screening and recommend that strategies to address barriers to implementation should include improving SDH data access for providers and capitalize on social worker expertise.
Citation: Kostelanetz S, Pettapiece-Phillips M, Weems J . Health care professionals' perspectives on universal screening of social determinants of health: a mixed-methods study. Popul Health Manag 2022 Jun;25(3):367-74. doi: 10.1089/pop.2021.0176..
Keywords: Social Determinants of Health, Screening, Provider: Health Personnel
Tracer H, VanHouten JP
AHRQ Author: Tracer H
Screening for atrial fibrillation.
This purpose of this Putting Prevention Into Practice (PPIP) case study and quiz is to provide an overview of practice recommendations regarding atrial fibrillation screening. It is based on the recommendations of the United States Preventive Services Task Force, with Howard Tracer, MD, Medical Officer, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Program, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, as lead author.
Citation: Tracer H, VanHouten JP . Screening for atrial fibrillation. Am Fam Physician 2022 Jun;105(6):659-60..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Screening, Prevention, Case Study
Chou R, Selph S, Blazina I
Screening for glaucoma in adults: updated evidence report and systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force.
This evidence report and systematic review updated the 2013 USPSTF final recommendation to assess benefits and harms of screening for primary open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in adults. After an extensive literature review, 83 studies were included (30 trials and 53 diagnostic accuracy studies). One randomized clinical trial (RCT) found screening of frail elderly persons associated with no difference in vision outcomes vs no screening but with significantly greater falls risk. There was limited direct evidence on glaucoma screening, with no association of benefits.
Citation: Chou R, Selph S, Blazina I . Screening for glaucoma in adults: updated evidence report and systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. JAMA 2022 May 24;327(20):1998-2012. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.6290..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Screening, Eye Disease and Health, Prevention, Guidelines, Evidence-Based Practice
Cole MB, Nguyen KH, Byhoff E, Byhoff E
Screening for social risk at federally qualified health centers: a national study.
In the United States, millions of low-income patients have unaddressed social risks. Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) provide services to approximately 29.8 million low-income patients, and data on social risk screening capabilities had never been collected across all FQHCs until 2019. The purpose of this study was to analyze the social risk screening capabilities across the FQHCs, report the national rates, identify screening predictors, and compare rates between states. The researchers collected data from the 2019 Uniform Data System from all 1,384 FQHCs across the U.S., with a primary outcome of determining whether each FQHC collected data on their patients’ social risk factors. The researchers also estimated the relationship between the characteristics of 7 FQHCs (such as their size, and various Medicare features), and their probability of conducting social risk screening. The study reported that 71% of FQHCs collected information on social risks, with variances between states. The researchers concluded that while the majority of FQHCs collect data on social risk factors, there are disparities between different states, and that smaller FQHCs may benefit from having social risk screening resources focused on them and may increase their use of screening tools and practices.
Citation: Cole MB, Nguyen KH, Byhoff E, Byhoff E . Screening for social risk at federally qualified health centers: a national study. Am J Prev Med 2022 May;62(5):670-78. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.11.008..
Keywords: Social Determinants of Health, Vulnerable Populations, Screening
Steeves-Reece AL, Totten AM, Broadwell KD
Social needs resource connections: a systematic review of barriers, facilitators, and evaluation.
The purpose of this mixed-studies review was to evaluate how studies assess social needs (for example, food and housing) resource connections and identifies the factors reported by patients and caregivers that that may prevent or facilitate connections to resources. The researchers developed a priori selection criteria which were used in a dual review to select PubMed and CINAHL articles published from October 2015 to December 2020. Data was analyzed in 2021. The researchers identified 34 articles from 32 studies and created a taxonomy of resource connection measures with 4 categories: 1) whether participants had contact with resources; 2) whether participants received resources; 3) whether participants had their social needs addressed; or 4) whether participants rated some aspect of their experience with resources. Barriers to resource connections included inadequacy, inaccessibility, fears surrounding stigma or discrimination, staff training, and others. Facilitators included relevancy, degree of support within the interventions, inclusivity of the interventions, and others. The authors concluded that this review study highlights variables that can be addressed to improve the screening of social needs and referral interventions.
Citation: Steeves-Reece AL, Totten AM, Broadwell KD . Social needs resource connections: a systematic review of barriers, facilitators, and evaluation. Am J Prev Med 2022 May;62(5):e303-e15. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.12.002..
Keywords: Social Determinants of Health, Screening
Kukhareva PV, Caverly TJ, Li H
Inaccuracies in electronic health records smoking data and a potential approach to address resulting underestimation in determining lung cancer screening eligibility.
The authors sought to characterize EHR smoking data issues and to propose an approach to addressing these issues using longitudinal smoking data. They found that over 80% of evaluated records had inaccuracies, including missing packs-per-day or years-smoked, outdated data, missing years-quit, and a recent change in packs-per-day resulting in inaccurate lifetime pack-years estimation. Further, addressing these issues by using longitudinal data enabled the identification of 49.4% more patients potentially eligible for lung cancer screening.
Citation: Kukhareva PV, Caverly TJ, Li H . Inaccuracies in electronic health records smoking data and a potential approach to address resulting underestimation in determining lung cancer screening eligibility. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2022 Apr 13;29(5):779-88. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocac020..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Screening, Cancer: Lung Cancer, Cancer
Lin Y, Sharma B, Thompson HM
External validation of a machine learning classifier to identify unhealthy alcohol use in hospitalized patients.
This study’s objective was to validate a machine learning approach to alcohol screening using a natural language processing (NLP) classifier developed at an independent medical center. This retrospective cohort study took place at a midwestern US tertiary-care, urban medical center that has an inpatient structured universal screening model for unhealthy substance use and an active addiction consult service. The cohort included 57,605 unplanned admissions of adult patients between October 23, 2017 and December 31, 2019 with electronic health record (EHR) documentation of manual alcohol screening. The authors examined error in manual screening and reviewed discordance between the NLP classifier and AUDIT-derived reference. The classifier demonstrated adequate sensitivity and specificity for routine clinical use as an automated screening tool for identifying at-risk patients.
Citation: Lin Y, Sharma B, Thompson HM . External validation of a machine learning classifier to identify unhealthy alcohol use in hospitalized patients. Addiction 2022 Apr;117(4):925-33. doi: 10.1111/add.15730..
Keywords: Alcohol Use, Behavioral Health, Screening, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT)
Murray E, Roosevelt GE, Vogel JA
Screening for health-related social needs in the emergency department: adaptability and fidelity during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Researchers sought to evaluate a screening and referral program for health-related social needs (HRSN) in an emergency department. Using the Accountable Health Communities Screening Tool, they found that, during the COVID-19 pandemic, HRSN doubled, likely reflecting the economic impact of the pandemic.
Citation: Murray E, Roosevelt GE, Vogel JA . Screening for health-related social needs in the emergency department: adaptability and fidelity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Am J Emerg Med 2022 Apr;54:323.e1-23.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2021.09.071..
Keywords: COVID-19, Social Determinants of Health, Emergency Department, Screening, Public Health
Yadgir SR, Engstrom C, Jacobsohn GC
Machine learning-assisted screening for cognitive impairment in the emergency department.
Researchers developed and evaluated an automated screening tool to identify a subset of patients at high risk for cognitive impairment (CI). Using the Blessed Orientation Memory Concentration (BOMC) test, administered in the emergency department, they found that an algorithm based on electronic health record data can define a subset of patients at higher risk for CI. They recommended that incorporating such an algorithm into a screening workflow could allow screening efforts and resources to be focused where they have the most impact.
Citation: Yadgir SR, Engstrom C, Jacobsohn GC . Machine learning-assisted screening for cognitive impairment in the emergency department. J Am Geriatr Soc 2022 Mar;70(3):831-37. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17491..
Keywords: Neurological Disorders, Screening, Emergency Department, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Elderly
Mota L, Marcaccio CL, Dansey KD
Overview of screening eligibility in patients undergoing ruptured AAA repair from 2003 to 2019 in the Vascular Quality Initiative.
The authors examined patients in the Vascular Quality Initiative database who underwent repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to characterize those who are ineligible for screening under current guidelines and to evaluate the potential impact of these restrictions on their disease. They found that most patients who underwent ruptured AAA repair were ineligible for initial AAA screening or aged out of the screening window. Furthermore, ruptured AAA rates and screening ineligibility have not improved as much as expected since the passage of the Screening Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Very Efficiently (SAAAVE) Act.
Citation: Mota L, Marcaccio CL, Dansey KD . Overview of screening eligibility in patients undergoing ruptured AAA repair from 2003 to 2019 in the Vascular Quality Initiative. J Vasc Surg 2022 Mar;75(3):884-92.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2021.09.049..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Screening, Prevention
Harris S, Farah W, Snitchler C. S, Farah W, Snitchler C
AHRQ Author: Harris S
Screening and interventions to prevent dental caries in children younger than five years.
This case study concerns Hispanic parents new to a practice who bring in their two children, two years of age and four months of age, for routine wellness visits. The parents have questions about dental care for their children. Three case study questions are provided along with answers. Bonus digital content provides an information sheet with a Clinical Summary of the USPSTF Recommendation.
Citation: Harris S, Farah W, Snitchler C. S, Farah W, Snitchler C . Screening and interventions to prevent dental caries in children younger than five years. Am Fam Physician 2022 Mar;105(3):299-300..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Dental and Oral Health, Screening, Guidelines, Evidence-Based Practice, Case Study
Reese TJ, Schlechter CR, Kramer H
Implementing lung cancer screening in primary care: needs assessment and implementation strategy design.
This study explored the implementation of lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography (CT) in primary care. The study’s two goals included exploring the implementation of lung cancer screening primary care in the context of integrating a decision aid into the electronic health record and a designing of implementation strategies that target hypothesized mechanics of change and context-specific barriers. The two phases included a Qualitative Analysis phase including semi-structured interviews with primary care physicians to elicit key task behaviors, and an Implementation Strategy Design phase consisting of defining implementation strategies and hypothesizing causal pathways to improve screening with a decision aid. Fourteen interviews were conducted and out of that 3 key task behaviors and four behavioral determinants emerged. Strategies included increasing provider self-efficacy toward performing shared decision making and using the decision aid, improving provider performance expectancy, increasing social influence, and addressing key facilitators to using the decision aid.
Citation: Reese TJ, Schlechter CR, Kramer H . Implementing lung cancer screening in primary care: needs assessment and implementation strategy design. Transl Behav Med 2022 Feb 16;12(2):187-97. doi: 10.1093/tbm/ibab115..
Keywords: Cancer: Lung Cancer, Cancer, Primary Care, Screening, Implementation, Decision Making
Cham S, Landrum MB, Keating NL
Use of germline BRCA testing in patients with ovarian cancer and commercial insurance.
The authors examined commercially insured populations to identify patient-, physician-, and practice-level characteristics associated with ovarian cancer testing rates. They found that only 33.9% of patients with commercial insurance were tested during the time period studied. Medical and gynecologic oncologists had similar rates of testing, while other physicians tested less often. Although independent practices often lack access to genetic counselors, women in this study had insurance coverage for in-person and telephonic counseling.
Citation: Cham S, Landrum MB, Keating NL . Use of germline BRCA testing in patients with ovarian cancer and commercial insurance. JAMA Netw Open 2022 Jan 4;5(1):e2142703. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.42703..
Keywords: Cancer: Ovarian Cancer, Cancer, Screening, Genetics, Health Insurance, Women
Mojica CM, Gunn R, Pham R
An observational study of workflows to support fecal testing for colorectal cancer screening in primary care practices serving Medicaid enrollees.
This study was conducted to describe clinical workflows for fecal immunochemical tests/fecal occult blood tests (FIT/FOBT) in Oregon primary care practices and to identify specific workflow processes that might be associated with higher colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates. Findings showed that primary care practices with higher CRC screening rates among newly age-eligible Medicaid enrollees had more established visit-based and population outreach workflows to support identifying patients due for screening, FIT/FOBT distribution, reminders, and follow up. Higher CRC screening was associated with having medical assistants discuss and review FIT/FOBT screening and instructions with patients.
Citation: Mojica CM, Gunn R, Pham R . An observational study of workflows to support fecal testing for colorectal cancer screening in primary care practices serving Medicaid enrollees. BMC Cancer 2022 Jan 25;22(1):106. doi: 10.1186/s12885-021-09106-7..
Keywords: Workflow, Screening, Cancer: Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Primary Care, Vulnerable Populations
Frehn JL, Brewster AL, Shortell SM
Comparing health care system and physician practice influences on social risk screening.
This study examined the association of multilevel organizational capabilities and adoption of social risk screening among system-owned physician practices. A secondary analysis of the 2018 National Survey of Healthcare Organizations and Systems data was conducted. Five social risks were used as measures for physician and system screening: food insecurity, housing instability, utility needs, interpersonal violence, and transportation needs. System-owned practices screened an average of 1.7 of the 5 social risks assessed. The differences were 16% attributable to practice variation between their health system owners, and 84% attributable to differences between individual practices. Practices owned by hospital systems screened for an additional 0.44 social risks relative to practices of systems without hospitals. Characteristics associated with more social risk screening included health information technology capacity, innovation culture, and patient engagement strategies.
AHRQ-funded; HS024075; HS022241.
Citation: Frehn JL, Brewster AL, Shortell SM . Comparing health care system and physician practice influences on social risk screening. Health Care Manage Rev 2022 Jan-Mar;47(1):E1-e10. doi: 10.1097/hmr.0000000000000309..
Keywords: Health Systems, Social Determinants of Health, Screening, Risk
Thomas TW, Golin CE, Kinlaw AC
Did the 2015 USPSTF abnormal blood glucose recommendations change clinician attitudes or behaviors? A mixed-method assessment.
In 2015, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) revised clinical recommendations to more broadly recommend abnormal blood glucose screening and more clearly recommend referral to behavioral interventions for adults with prediabetes. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of the 2015 USPSTF recommendation changes on abnormal blood glucose screening and referral to behavioral interventions, and to examine physicians' perceptions of the revised recommendation.
AHRQ-funded; HS025561; HS000032.
Citation: Thomas TW, Golin CE, Kinlaw AC . Did the 2015 USPSTF abnormal blood glucose recommendations change clinician attitudes or behaviors? A mixed-method assessment. J Gen Intern Med 2022 Jan;37(1):15-22. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-06749-x..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Diabetes, Screening, Guidelines, Prevention
Fendrick AM, Dalton VK, Tilea A
Out-of-pocket costs for colposcopy among commercially insured women from 2006 to 2019.
The objective of this study was to describe out-of-pocket costs for colposcopy and related services among age-appropriate, commercially insured women from 2006 to 2019. Findings suggested that out-of-pocket costs for colposcopy were very common and significant and have increased over time. Reported out-of-pocket costs for cervical cancer screening-related care, such as office visits, were not included, thus the findings may underestimate patients’ total financial burden.
Citation: Fendrick AM, Dalton VK, Tilea A . Out-of-pocket costs for colposcopy among commercially insured women from 2006 to 2019. Obstet Gynecol 2022 Jan;139(1):113-15. doi: 10.1097/aog.0000000000004582..
Keywords: Healthcare Costs, Colonoscopy, Screening, Cancer: Cervical Cancer, Cancer, Prevention, Women
Tracer H, Mohnot S
Screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In this “Putting Prevention Into Practice An Evidence-Based Approach”, the authors provide a case study with questions and answers related to Screening for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Citation: Tracer H, Mohnot S . Screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Am Fam Physician 2022 Jan 1;105(1):73-74..
Am Fam Physician 2022 Jan 1;105(1):73-74..
Keywords: Diabetes, Screening, Prevention, Evidence-Based Practice, Guidelines, Case Study