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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Carpenter K, Scavotto M, McGovern A
Early parental knowledge of late effect risks in children with cancer.
This study assessed early parental knowledge of late effect risks in children with cancer. The cohort included parents of children receiving cancer treatment at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. The parents were surveyed about their knowledge of their child’s likelihood of eight late effects. Only 11 out of 96 parents correctly identified all their child’s risk for the eight late effects. Five of eight effects were the median number of correctly identified late effect risks. Among the 21 parents whose children were at risk for ototoxicity, 95% correctly identified this risk. Conversely, parents were less knowledgeable about risks of second malignancy, cardiac toxicity, neurocognitive impairment, and infertility.
Citation: Carpenter K, Scavotto M, McGovern A . Early parental knowledge of late effect risks in children with cancer. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2022 Feb;69(2):e29473. doi: 10.1002/pbc.29473..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Cancer, Risk, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Literacy
Sterling MR, Safford MM, Goggins K
Numeracy, health literacy, cognition, and 30-day readmissions among patients with heart failure.
Numeracy, health literacy, and cognition are important for chronic disease management. Prior studies have found them to be associated with poorer selfcare and worse clinical outcomes, but limited data exists in the context of heart failure (HF), a condition that requires patients to monitor their weight, fluid intake, and dietary salt, especially in the post hospitalization period. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between numeracy, health literacy, and cognition with 30-day readmissions among patients hospitalized for acute decompensated HF (ADHF).
Citation: Sterling MR, Safford MM, Goggins K . Numeracy, health literacy, cognition, and 30-day readmissions among patients with heart failure. J Hosp Med 2018 Mar;13(3):145-51. doi: 10.12788/jhm.2932..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Hospital Readmissions, Hospitalization, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Neurological Disorders, Risk
van den Bogert CA, Miller MJ, Cobaugh DJ
Screening questions for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug risk knowledge.
The aim of this study was to evaluate screening questions for estimating nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) risk knowledge. It concluded that screening questions for subjective NSAID risk awareness and health literacy are predictive of objectively tested NSAID knowledge and can be used to triage patients as well as subsequently initiate and direct a conversation about NSAID risk.
Citation: van den Bogert CA, Miller MJ, Cobaugh DJ . Screening questions for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug risk knowledge. J Patient Saf 2017 Dec;13(4):217-22. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000143.
Keywords: Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Health Literacy, Medication, Risk