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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Baernholdt M, Yan G, Hinton ID
Effect of preventive care interventions on pressure ulcer rates in a national sample of rural and urban nursing units: Longitudinal associations over 4 years.
This study looked at the effects of nursing care interventions aimed at preventing pressure ulcers in rural and urban hospitals over a 4-year period. This longitudinal study used unit-level data from the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators 2010-2013. The authors analyzed 5761 units (332 rural and 5429 urban) in 772 hospitals (89 rural and 683 urban) that reported ulcer rates in two or more quarters. Outcomes from use of a three-care intervention combination was measured with decreases in pressure ulcers shown from any of those interventions (patients receiving skin assessment on admission, receiving risk assessment on admission, and receiving any risk assessment before the pressure ulcer). An increase in RN skill mix and two nurse outcomes (increase in job satisfaction and intent-to-stay) also led to decreases in ulcer rates.
Citation: Baernholdt M, Yan G, Hinton ID . Effect of preventive care interventions on pressure ulcer rates in a national sample of rural and urban nursing units: Longitudinal associations over 4 years. Int J Nurs Stud 2020 May;105:103455. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.103455..
Keywords: Pressure Ulcers, Prevention, Skin Conditions, Nursing, Practice Patterns, Provider: Nurse, Provider, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality Measures, Quality of Care
Mathews SC, Stoll RA, Sternberger WI
Prioritizing health care solutions for pressure ulcers using the quality function deployment process.
Reducing the incidence and morbidity of pressure ulcers remains a leading national priority in patient safety. A detailed and practical application of quality function deployment is presented, in this paper, that demonstrates the value of applying engineering practices for prioritizing solutions for pressures ulcers specifically and can easily be adapted to other conditions.
Citation: Mathews SC, Stoll RA, Sternberger WI . Prioritizing health care solutions for pressure ulcers using the quality function deployment process. Am J Med Qual 2020 May/Jun;35(3):197-204. doi: 10.1177/1062860619869990..
Keywords: Pressure Ulcers, Patient Safety, Quality of Care
Baernholdt M, Hinton ID, Guofen Y
A national comparison of rural/urban pressure ulcer and fall rates.
Despite recent decline in hospital acquired conditions (HACs), rates for pressure ulcers (PURs) and falls (FRs) remain at levels that require improvement. Contextual factors and care processes may impact HACs. Using the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI®) this study examined differences in care processes and community, hospital, and nursing unit characteristics that influence PURs and FRs in 4238 rural and urban nursing units.
Citation: Baernholdt M, Hinton ID, Guofen Y . A national comparison of rural/urban pressure ulcer and fall rates. Online J Issues Nurs 2017 May;22(2):1-12. doi: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol22No02PPT60..
Keywords: Injuries and Wounds, Nursing, Patient Safety, Pressure Ulcers, Quality of Care, Quality Improvement, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality Measures, Rural Health, Urban Health
Stifter J, Yao Y, Lopez KD
Proposing a new conceptual model and an exemplar measure using health information: Technology to examine the impact of relational nurse continuity on hospital-acquired pressure ulcers.
The authors present a new conceptual model and an innovative use of health information technology to measure relational nurse continuity and to demonstrate the potential for bringing the results of big data science back to the bedside. Understanding the power of big data to address critical clinical issues may foster a new direction for nursing administration theory development.
Citation: Stifter J, Yao Y, Lopez KD . Proposing a new conceptual model and an exemplar measure using health information: Technology to examine the impact of relational nurse continuity on hospital-acquired pressure ulcers. ANS Adv Nurs Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;38(3):241-51. doi: 10.1097/ans.0000000000000081.
Keywords: Nursing, Pressure Ulcers, Quality of Care, Health Information Technology (HIT), Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs)