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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Abramsohn E, DePumpo M, Boyd K
Implementation of community-based resource referrals for cardiovascular disease self-management.
Investigators described primary care practices' implementation of CommunityRx-H3. They found that practice facilitators were increasingly being utilized by primary care practices to support quality improvement interventions and could also play an important role in implementation science. Their study yielded insights to improve implementation of community resource referral solutions to support primary care cardiovascular disease prevention efforts.
Citation: Abramsohn E, DePumpo M, Boyd K . Implementation of community-based resource referrals for cardiovascular disease self-management. Ann Fam Med 2020 Nov;18(6):486-95. doi: 10.1370/afm.2583..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Patient Self-Management, Primary Care, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Implementation
Keller SC, Cosgrove SE, Arbaje AI
Roles and role ambiguity in patient- and caregiver-performed outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy.
This study examined roles and role ambiguity in patient- and caregiver-performed outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT). A qualitative study of patients and caregivers was conducted using 40 semistructured telephone interviews and 20 contextual inquiries for patients and caregivers. The participants had been discharged from two academic medical centers and put on OPAT. Four main roles were identified: communicator, advocate, learner-trainer, and lay health care worker. There was ambiguity shown among health care workers as well as patients and caregivers. Clearer delineation of roles as to who performs which tasks was indicated in the study.
Citation: Keller SC, Cosgrove SE, Arbaje AI . Roles and role ambiguity in patient- and caregiver-performed outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2019 Nov;45(11):763-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjq.2019.07.003..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Quality Improvement, Healthcare Delivery, Patient Self-Management, Care Management, Caregiving, Quality of Care, Patient Safety
Teppala S, Ottenbacher KJ, Eschbach K
Variation in functional status after hip fracture: facility and regional influence on mobility and self-care.
Little is known about variation in functional outcomes after postacute rehabilitation for patients with hip fracture. The researchers examined variation in mobility and self-care after hip fracture rehabilitation across inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs), hospital referral regions (HRRs) and states. Variation in functional status following postacute hip fracture rehabilitation appears to occur primarily at the level of facilities rather than geographic location.
Citation: Teppala S, Ottenbacher KJ, Eschbach K . Variation in functional status after hip fracture: facility and regional influence on mobility and self-care. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2017 Oct;72(10):1376-82. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glw249.
Keywords: Injuries and Wounds, Quality of Care, Health Status, Rehabilitation, Patient Self-Management
Cohen MJ, Morton S, Scholle SH
Self-management support activities in patient-centered medical home practices.
This study is a survey of small practices of fewer than 5 physicians with National Committee for Quality Assurance recognition. Practices reported a high proportion of self-management support activities, while practices that perform more of these activities have more nonindependent health care providers.
Citation: Cohen MJ, Morton S, Scholle SH . Self-management support activities in patient-centered medical home practices. J Ambul Care Manage 2014 Oct-Dec;37(4):349-58. doi: 10.1097/jac.0000000000000040.
Keywords: Quality of Care, Innovations and Emerging Issues, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Primary Care, Patient Self-Management