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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Izadi Z, Schmajuk G, Gianfrancesco M
Significant gains in rheumatoid arthritis quality measures among RISE Registry practices.
This study examined performance on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) quality measures and assessed the association between practice characteristics and changes in performance over time among participating practices. The authors analyzed data from practices enrolled in the American College of Rheumatology Rheumatology Informatics System for Effectiveness (RISE) registry from 2015 to 2017. Eight quality measures in the areas of RA disease management, cardiovascular risk reduction, and patient safety were analyzed. Data from 59,986 patients from 54 practices were examined. Cohort characteristics were a mean age of 62 years, 77% female, 69% Caucasian, and most patients (46%) were seen in a single-specialty group practice. Measures related to RA functional status and disease activity assessment improved over time, with single-specialty group practices having the fastest rates of improvement across all measures.
AHRQ-funded; HS025638; HS024412.
Citation: Izadi Z, Schmajuk G, Gianfrancesco M . Significant gains in rheumatoid arthritis quality measures among RISE Registry practices. Arthritis Care Res 2022 Feb;74(2):219-28. doi: 10.1002/acr.24444..
Keywords: Arthritis, Chronic Conditions, Quality Measures, Quality Indicators (QIs), Registries, Quality of Care
Gandrup J, Li J, Izadi Z
Three quality improvement initiatives and performance of rheumatoid arthritis disease activity measures in electronic health records: results from an interrupted time series study.
This study evaluated the effect of 3 HIT initiatives on the performance of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity measures and outcomes in an academic rheumatology clinic. The three initiatives implemented to facilitate performance of the Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) were: 1) an EHR flowsheet to input scores, 2) peer performance reports, and 3) an EHR Smartform including a CDAI calculator. Data from 995 patients with 8,040 encounters between 2012 and 2017 was included. Electronic capture of CDAI scores increased from 0% to 64%. Peer performance reporting and the SmartForm kept performance stable. Physician satisfaction increased after SmartForm implementation.
Citation: Gandrup J, Li J, Izadi Z . Three quality improvement initiatives and performance of rheumatoid arthritis disease activity measures in electronic health records: results from an interrupted time series study. Arthritis Care Res 2020 Feb;72(2):283-91. doi: 10.1002/acr.23848..
Keywords: Arthritis, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Ferucci ED, Day GM, Choromanski TL
Outcomes and quality of care in rheumatoid arthritis with or without video telemedicine follow-up visits.
This study’s objective was to evaluate outcomes and quality of care for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients seen by video telemedicine compared to in-person only. Individuals in the Alaska Tribal Health System who were diagnosed with RA were recruited when seeing a rheumatologist either in person or by video telemedicine. Participants completed a Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID3) questionnaire and a telephone medicine perception survey at the start of the survey. They also agreed to medical record review. The authors repeated the surveys by telephone and at 6 and 12 months, and medical record abstraction was performed at 12 months for quality measures. By the end of the 12-month period, about half of the 122 RA participants (52%) had ever used telemedicine for RA. Higher RAPID3 score and functional status were associated with the telemedicine group, with no statistically significant change over the 12-month period. The only quality measure that differed between the two groups at 12 months was the proportion of visits in which disease activity was documented, but it was not significantly after multivariate analysis.
Citation: Ferucci ED, Day GM, Choromanski TL . Outcomes and quality of care in rheumatoid arthritis with or without video telemedicine follow-up visits. Arthritis Care Res 2022 Mar;74(3):484-92. doi: 10.1002/acr.24485..
Keywords: Arthritis, Chronic Conditions, Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Quality of Care, Outcomes
Schmajuk G, Yazdany J
Leveraging the electronic health record to improve quality and safety in rheumatology.
In the coming years, developing and leveraging tools within the electronic health record (EHR) will be the key to making the next big strides in improving the health of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatic diseases, including building EHR infrastructure to capture patient outcomes and developing automated methods to retrieve information from free text of clinical notes.
Citation: Schmajuk G, Yazdany J . Leveraging the electronic health record to improve quality and safety in rheumatology. Rheumatol Int 2017 Oct;37(10):1603-10. doi: 10.1007/s00296-017-3804-4.
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Quality of Care, Patient Safety, Quality Improvement, Arthritis
Yazdany J, Bansback N, Clowse M
Rheumatology informatics system for effectiveness: a national informatics-enabled registry for quality improvement.
The authors reported on the Rheumatology Informatics System for Effectiveness (RISE) registry's architecture and initial data and demonstrated how RISE is being used to improve care quality. They concluded that RISE provides critical infrastructure for improving care quality in rheumatology and is a unique data source to generate new knowledge.
Citation: Yazdany J, Bansback N, Clowse M . Rheumatology informatics system for effectiveness: a national informatics-enabled registry for quality improvement. Arthritis Care Res 2016 Dec;68(12):1866-73. doi: 10.1002/acr.23089.
Keywords: Quality of Care, Health Information Technology (HIT), Quality Improvement, Registries, Arthritis
Suter LG, Barber CE, Herrin J
American College of Rheumatology white paper on performance outcome measures in rheumatology.
The objective of this study was to highlight the opportunities and challenges of developing and implementing performance outcome measures in rheumatology for accountability purposes. The authors' hypothetical outcome measure was a measure of rheumatoid arthritis disease activity intended for evaluating Accountable Care Organization performance. They provided a summary table of key take-home points for clinicians and policymakers. The authors concluded that the most effective and meaningful measures can only be created through the close collaboration of patients, providers, measure developers, and policymakers.
Citation: Suter LG, Barber CE, Herrin J . American College of Rheumatology white paper on performance outcome measures in rheumatology. Arthritis Care Res 2016 Oct;68(10):1390-401. doi: 10.1002/acr.22936.
Keywords: Quality of Care, Quality Measures, Outcomes, Arthritis
Newman ED, Lerch V, Billet J
Improving the quality of care of patients with rheumatic disease using patient-centric electronic redesign software.
To improve the quality of care for patients with rheumatic disease, the researchers developed electronic data capture, aggregation, display, and documentation software. They found that their software was adopted for use by 86% of patients and rheumatologists. They concluded that the software was well-adopted by patients and providers. Post-implementation, significant improvements in quality of care, efficiency of care, and productivity were demonstrated.
Citation: Newman ED, Lerch V, Billet J . Improving the quality of care of patients with rheumatic disease using patient-centric electronic redesign software. Arthritis Care Res 2015 Apr;67(4):546-53. doi: 10.1002/acr.22479..
Keywords: Health Information Technology (HIT), Quality of Care, Arthritis, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research