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Search All Research Studies
- (-) Asthma (8)
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- Children/Adolescents (8)
- Chronic Conditions (4)
- Disparities (1)
- Emergency Department (3)
- Evidence-Based Practice (2)
- Guidelines (2)
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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 8 of 8 Research Studies Displayed
Cabana MD, Robinson K, Plavin J
Partnering to improve pediatric asthma quality.
The purpose of this article was to explore the need for partnering between emergency departments (Eds) and primary care physicians (PCPs) to improve asthma quality measures, practice level improvements for both PCPs and EDs, and ultimately improve outcomes for children with asthma. Proper and timely management of asthma is thought to prevent ED visits, and the responsibility for addressing improvements in PCP performance should be shared by the PCP practices and health care payors and plans. The ability to measure the drivers of asthma-related visits to the ED may be outside of what a PCP practice can address, and so practices must be able to partner with health plans to successfully measure and develop system-wide interventions for quality and outcomes improvement. Although a child’s asthma may be managed in their PCP office, treatment of asthma issues often takes place in an ED setting or urgent care clinic that may be completely isolated from the patient’s PCP provider and system. Health plans can fill in the missing pieces to provide feedback on performance which can reduce ED visits, improve medication adherence and management, and provide actionable and timely data about hospital visits and discharge to PCP practices for quality improvements. Social determinants and comorbidities play a role in addressing ED visits for asthma. Health plan, public health systems, and provider coordination, integration, and partnerships are required to effectively address those issues and improve outcomes. The authors conclude that a systems approach and thoughtful partnerships across disciplines will be required beyond the PCP practice level to improve the outcomes of children with asthma.
Citation: Cabana MD, Robinson K, Plavin J . Partnering to improve pediatric asthma quality. Acad Pediatr 2022 Apr;22(3S):S73-S75. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.06.013..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Chronic Conditions, Emergency Department, Quality Measures, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Jaladanki S, Schechter SB, Genies MC
Strategies for sustaining high-quality pediatric asthma care in community hospitals.
This study’s objective was to identify strategies associated with sustained guideline adherence and high-quality pediatric asthma care in community hospitals. Hospitals who were part of the Pathways for Improving Pediatric Asthma Care (PIPA) national quality improvement (QI) intervention were included. Clinicians (n = 19) involved in clinical care of children hospitalized with asthma were interviewed from five higher- and three lower-performing hospitals. Higher-performing hospitals had dedicated local champions who consistently provided reminders of evidence-based practices and delivered ongoing education. These champions also modified/developed electronic health record (EHR) tools. Lower-performing hospital clinicians described unique barriers, including delays in modifying the EHR and lack of automation of EHR tools. For all hospitals, barriers to sustainability included challenges with quality monitoring, decreasing focus of local champions over time, and ongoing difficulties developing around evidence-based practices.
Citation: Jaladanki S, Schechter SB, Genies MC . Strategies for sustaining high-quality pediatric asthma care in community hospitals. Health Serv Res 2022 Feb;57(1):125-36. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13870..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Respiratory Conditions, Chronic Conditions, Hospitals, Quality of Care
Schechter S, Jaladanki S, Rodean J
Sustainability of paediatric asthma care quality in community hospitals after ending a national quality improvement collaborative.
Community hospitals, which care for most hospitalised children in the USA, may be vulnerable to declines in paediatric care quality when quality improvement (QI) initiatives end. In this study, the investigators aimed to evaluate changes in care quality in community hospitals after the end of the Pathways for Improving Paediatric Asthma Care (PIPA) national QI collaborative. The investigators concluded that the end of the paediatric asthma QI collaborative was associated with concerning declines in guideline adherence in community hospitals.
Citation: Schechter S, Jaladanki S, Rodean J . Sustainability of paediatric asthma care quality in community hospitals after ending a national quality improvement collaborative. BMJ Qual Saf 2021 Nov;30(11):876-83. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2020-012292..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Respiratory Conditions, Hospitals, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care
Piwnica-Worms K, Staiger B, Ross JS
Effects of forced disruption in Medicaid managed care on children with asthma.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a forced disruption to Medicaid managed care plans and provider networks on health utilization and outcomes for children with persistent asthma. The investigators concluded that while there was a decrease in the number of outpatient visits associated with forced disruption of Medicaid managed care plans for children with persistent asthma, there were no consistent associations with worse asthma quality performance or higher emergent health care utilization.
AHRQ-funded; HS022882; HS025164.
Citation: Piwnica-Worms K, Staiger B, Ross JS . Effects of forced disruption in Medicaid managed care on children with asthma. Health Serv Res 2021 Aug;56(4):668-76. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13643..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Medicaid, Asthma, Respiratory Conditions, Chronic Conditions, Quality of Care
Schechter SB, Pantell MS, Parikh K
Impact of a national quality collaborative on pediatric asthma care quality by insurance status.
The objective of this study was to assess whether disparities in asthma care and outcomes based on insurance type existed before a national quality improvement (QI) collaborative, and to determine the effects of the collaborative on these disparities. The investigators concluded that at baseline, children with public insurance had higher asthma health care utilization than those with private insurance, despite receiving more evidence-based care.
AHRQ-funded; HS026383; HS024554; HS024592.
Citation: Schechter SB, Pantell MS, Parikh K . Impact of a national quality collaborative on pediatric asthma care quality by insurance status. Acad Pediatr 2021 Aug;21(6):1018-24. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.02.009..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Chronic Conditions, Disparities, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Health Insurance
Harder VS, Shaw JS, McCulloch CE
Statewide asthma learning collaborative participation and asthma-related emergency department use.
This study looked at outcomes from participation of pediatric practices in a quality improvement (QI) collaborative to decrease asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits. A statewide network of practices participated in the collaborative from 2015 to 2016. Asthma-related ED visit rates per 100 child-years for children ages 3 to 21 was evaluated using the state’s all-payer claims databases. The authors found that in the postintervention year (2017) participating practices’ ED visit rate decreased by 5.8 per 100 child-years, compared to an increase of 1.8 per 100 child-years in non-participating practices. There were no statistically significant differences in asthma-related ED visit rates during 2016, which indicated that it took some time for QI elements to be successfully implemented in pediatric practices.
Citation: Harder VS, Shaw JS, McCulloch CE . Statewide asthma learning collaborative participation and asthma-related emergency department use. Pediatrics 2020 Dec;146(6):e20200213. doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-0213..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Emergency Department, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Primary Care, Guidelines
Kaiser SV, Johnson MD, Walls TA
Pathways to improve pediatric asthma care: a multisite, national study of emergency department asthma pathway implementation.
This quality improvement study’s aim was to determine the effects of pediatric asthma pathway implementation in a diverse, national sample of emergency departments (EDs). Desired outcomes included systemic corticosteroid administration within 60 minutes (primary), assessment of severity at ED triage, chest radiograph use, hospital admission or transfer for higher level of care, and ED length of stay. Charts were reviewed each month by EDs for children ages 2-17 years with a primary diagnosis of asthma. A total of 83 EDs were enrolled, with 37 of them children’s hospitals, and 46 community hospitals. Seventy-three percent completed the study (n = 22,963). There was a significant increase in systematic corticosteroid administration within 60 minutes of arrival as well as increased odds of severity assessment at triage and decreased rate of change in odds of hospital admission/transfer. Chest radiograph or ED length of stay was not associated with pathway implementation.
Citation: Kaiser SV, Johnson MD, Walls TA . Pathways to improve pediatric asthma care: a multisite, national study of emergency department asthma pathway implementation. J Pediatr 2020 Aug;223:100-07.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.02.080..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Emergency Department, Asthma, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Care Management, Healthcare Delivery, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice, Outcomes
Kaiser SV, Lam Cabana, MD
Best practices in implementing inpatient pediatric asthma pathways: a qualitative study.
The objective of this study was to identify potential best practices in pathway implementation. Building upon a previous observational study in which the researchers identified higher and lower performing children's hospitals based on hospital-level changes in asthma patient length of stay after implementation of a pathway, they conducted semi-structured interviews with a sample of healthcare providers involved in pathway implementation at these hospitals. They identified several potential best practices to support pathway implementation. They recommended that hospitals implementing pathways consider applying these strategies to ensure success in improving quality of asthma care for children.
Citation: Kaiser SV, Lam Cabana, MD . Best practices in implementing inpatient pediatric asthma pathways: a qualitative study. J Asthma 2020 Jul;57(7):744-54. doi: 10.1080/02770903.2019.1606237..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Respiratory Conditions, Hospitals, Inpatient Care, Guidelines, Evidence-Based Practice, Implementation, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care