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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Mouch CA, Baskin AS, Yearling R CA, Baskin AS, Yearling R
Sleep patterns and quality among inpatients recovering from elective surgery: a mixed-method study.
This study examined sleep quality and barriers to sleep among adult hospital inpatients recovering from elective surgery. A quantitative survey was used followed by a qualitative phone interview with a subsample of participants. Of 113 eligible patients, 102 (90%) completed the survey. Less than half reported sleeping well the night prior to surgery and 93% reported less sleep in the hospital compared to home. A median of 5 (4-7) interruptions were reported each night. Patients with more than three interruptions were likely to report poor sleep compared with those who had three or less. Barriers to sleep included staff interruptions and roommate noise but not pain. Patients interviewed suggested improved timing and knowledge of interruptions or use of noise-reduction aids that would facilitate sleep.
Citation: Mouch CA, Baskin AS, Yearling R CA, Baskin AS, Yearling R . Sleep patterns and quality among inpatients recovering from elective surgery: a mixed-method study. J Surg Res 2020 Oct;254:268-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2020.04.032..
Keywords: Sleep Problems, Surgery, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Inpatient Care, Hospitals, Patient Experience
St Hilaire MA, Anderson C, Anwar J
Brief (<4 hour) sleep episodes are insufficient for restoring performance in first-year resident physicians working overnight extended-duration work shifts.
This study examines the impact of reinstating extended duration (24-28) work shifts (EDWS) for postgraduate year 1 resident physicians. The performance of residents was studied for 23 male residents between 2002-2004 during a three-week on-call rotation schedule at the Medical and Intensive Care Units at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. If the sleep episodes were four hours or less then the odds of >1 attentional failure was 2.72 times higher during post-call compared to matched sessions during non-EDWS.
Citation: St Hilaire MA, Anderson C, Anwar J . Brief (<4 hour) sleep episodes are insufficient for restoring performance in first-year resident physicians working overnight extended-duration work shifts. Sleep 2019 May;42(5):pii: zsz041. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsz041..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Medical Errors, Patient Safety, Provider, Provider: Physician, Quality of Care, Sleep Problems, Training
Harris VC, Links AR, Kim JM
Follow-up and time to treatment in an urban cohort of children with sleep-disordered breathing.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate follow-up and timing of sleep-disordered breathing diagnosis and treatment in urban children referred from primary care. Researchers found that half of the children referred for sleep-disordered breathing evaluation are lost to follow-up from primary care. Obstructive sleep apnea severity did not predict follow-up or timeliness of treatment. They conclude that these findings suggest social determinants may pose barriers to care in addition to the clinical burden of sleep-disordered breathing.
Citation: Harris VC, Links AR, Kim JM . Follow-up and time to treatment in an urban cohort of children with sleep-disordered breathing. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Aug;159(2):371-78. doi: 10.1177/0194599818772035..
Keywords: Access to Care, Children/Adolescents, Disparities, Healthcare Delivery, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Quality of Care, Respiratory Conditions, Sleep Problems, Sleep Apnea, Urban Health
Ye L, Richards KC
Sleep and long-term care.
This review describes the nature and consequences of sleep disturbances in long-term care (LTC), clinical assessment and management of sleep disturbances in LTC, and implications for future research and clinical practice.
Citation: Ye L, Richards KC . Sleep and long-term care. Sleep Med Clin 2018 Mar;13(1):117-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2017.09.011..
Keywords: Quality of Care, Long-Term Care, Nursing Homes, Sleep Problems