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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Schlesinger MJ, Rybowski L, Shaller D
Americans' growing exposure to clinician quality information: insights and implications.
The authors of this article examined the impact of changes in the growth of consumer information seeking and the availability of patient narratives about care on consumer awareness of quality information and sociodemographic differences. Public exposure to quality information of any type doubled between 2010 and 2015, ad exposure to patient narratives and experience surveys tripled. Minority consumers were better informed than whites consistently over this period, although there were differences across subgroups regarding the types of information encountered. An education-related gradient in quality awareness also emerged. The authors conclude that public policy should respond to these emerging trends in information exposure by establishing standards for rigorous elicitation of narratives and assisting consumer learning via a combination of narratives and quantified clinician quality metrics.
AHRQ-funded; HS016978; HS016980; HS021858.
Citation: Schlesinger MJ, Rybowski L, Shaller D . Americans' growing exposure to clinician quality information: insights and implications. Health Aff 2019 Mar;38(3):374-82. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2018.05006..
Keywords: Policy, Provider Performance, Public Reporting, Quality of Care, Quality Measures
Kronick R, Casalino LP, Bindman AB
AHRQ Author: Kronick R
Apple pickers or federal judges: strong versus weak incentives in physician payment.
The authors provide an introduction for five papers commissioned by AHRQ focusing on incentives for physicians that are featured in this special issue of Health Services Research. These papers concentrate on suggesting a conceptual framework for the use of financial incentives in health care, key implications of the evidence to date on pay for performance and public reporting in health care and several related topics.
Citation: Kronick R, Casalino LP, Bindman AB . Apple pickers or federal judges: strong versus weak incentives in physician payment. Health Serv Res 2015 Dec;50 Suppl 2:2049-56. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12424.
Keywords: Payment, Provider Performance, Policy, Health Services Research (HSR), Quality of Care, Value, Healthcare Costs, Quality Improvement
Berenson RA, Rice T
Beyond measurement and reward: methods of motivating quality improvement and accountability.
The article examines public policies designed to improve quality and accountability that do not rely on financial incentives and public reporting of provider performance. It concludes that public policies related to quality improvement should focus more on methods of enhancing professional intrinsic motivation, while recognizing the potential role of organizations to actively promote and facilitate that motivation.
Citation: Berenson RA, Rice T . Beyond measurement and reward: methods of motivating quality improvement and accountability. Health Serv Res 2015 Dec;50 Suppl 2:2155-86. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12413.
Keywords: Quality Improvement, Policy, Provider Performance, Quality of Care, Value, Payment
Schlesinger M, Grob R, Shaller D
Using patient-reported information to improve clinical practice.
The purposes of this study were to assess what is known about the relationship between patient experience measures and incentives designed to improve care, and to identify how public policy and medical practices can promote patient-valued outcomes in health systems with strong financial incentives. It concluded that unless public policies are attentive to patients' perspectives, stronger financial incentives for clinicians can threaten aspects of care that patients most value.
Citation: Schlesinger M, Grob R, Shaller D . Using patient-reported information to improve clinical practice. Health Serv Res 2015 Dec;50 Suppl 2:2116-54. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12420.
Keywords: Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Patient Experience, Provider Performance, Policy, Value, Payment, Public Reporting
Abrahamson K, Miech E, Davila HW
Pay-for-performance policy and data-driven decision making within nursing homes: a qualitative study.
The researchers explored ways in which data were collected, thought about and used by nursing home employees as a result of participation in a pay-for-performance (P4P) program. Their findings indicated that participants in the Minnesota Performance-based Incentive Payment Program’s quality improvement (QI) projects perceived a change in the rate and manner in which they gathered, used, and considered data in their QI decisions.
Citation: Abrahamson K, Miech E, Davila HW . Pay-for-performance policy and data-driven decision making within nursing homes: a qualitative study. BMJ Qual Saf. 2015 May;24(5):311-7. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2014-003362..
Keywords: Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Payment, Provider Performance, Decision Making, Policy, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care