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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Livingston CJ, Allison RD, Niebuhr DW
AHRQ Author: Niebuhr DW
Preventive medicine physicians and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 6|18 Initiative.
This paper describes the American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) work done as part of the cooperative 5-year agreement called the 6|18 Initiative to improve population health through primary care and public health integration. This initiative is called 6|18 because its’ aim was to target six common and high-cost health behaviors/conditions with 18 proven interventions. CDC created three different buckets to describe the preventions. The six health behaviors/conditions targeted included reducing tobacco use, control high blood pressure, improve antibiotic use, control asthma, prevent unintended pregnancy, and prevent type 2 diabetes. The initiative aligned recommendations from national and professional societies and focused the guidelines from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). After six telephone-moderated discussions of the authors, three themes were developed as to how physicians may perceive the 6|18 interventions. The problems included lack of knowledge/awareness, variations in financial incentives and operational challenges such as time constraints.
Citation: Livingston CJ, Allison RD, Niebuhr DW . Preventive medicine physicians and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 6|18 Initiative. Am J Prev Med 2019 Jul;57(1):127-33. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2019.02.014..
Keywords: Hypertension, Medication, Pregnancy, Prevention, Primary Care, Public Health, Tobacco Use, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)
Fraze T, Lewis VA, Rodriguez HP
Housing, transportation, and food: how ACOs seek to improve population health by addressing nonmedical needs of patients.
The authors examined how accountable care organizations (ACOs) addressed the nonmedical needs of their patients. They found that ACOs most commonly addressed the need for transportation, housing, and food insecurity, which they identified through the primary care visit or care transformation programs. They concluded that their findings offer insights into how health care organizations such as ACOs integrate themselves with nonmedical organizations.
Citation: Fraze T, Lewis VA, Rodriguez HP . Housing, transportation, and food: how ACOs seek to improve population health by addressing nonmedical needs of patients. Health Aff 2016 Nov;35(11):2109-15. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2016.0727.
Keywords: Social Determinants of Health, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Health Insurance, Healthcare Delivery, Primary Care, Public Health